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π Tape - DONG

DONG
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Subscribe for Wacky Gifts, Amazing Apps, and The Best of the Internet. D.O.N.G. launched in October 2015 and is powered by Vsauce. ************************************************************­*** D.O.N.G. is... Michael Stevens: Producer/Host of Vsauce1/D.O.N.G. Kevin Lieber: Producer/Host of Vsauce2/D.O.N.G. Jake Roper: Producer/Host of Vsauce3/D.O.N.G. Eric Langlay: VFX for Vsauce1/2/3/D.O.N.G. Hannah Canetti: Writer/Editor for D.O.N.G. Jack Merline: Writer/Editor for D.O.N.G. Alisha Garza: Vsauce Coordinator You: Thanks for watching!

Video Related π Tape - DONG

The Leaning Tower of Lire

See Brain Candy Live in Australia!! http://www.braincandylive.com/tickets/tour Me on twitter: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce The block stacking problem: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Block-stacking_problem http://datagenetics.com/blog/may32013/index.html http://mathworld.wolfram.com/BookStackingProblem.html http://demoroom.physics.ncsu.edu/html/demos/235.html Adam Savage's TESTED: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCiDJtJKMICpb9B1qf7qjEOA The Curiosity Box: https://www.curiositybox.com/ Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Edited by Jack Merline VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by Jake Chudnow (http://youtube.com/jakechudnow) ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

How High Can We Build?

What's the tallest THING we've ever built? How tall will we EVER be able to build? Follow Michael Stevens: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce http://www.Facebook.com/VsauceGaming music by: http://www.Soundcloud.com/JakeChudnow Links: see two sunrises/sunsets and calculate the Earth's Radius: http://www.darylscience.com/downloads/DblSunset.pdf also HERE: http://www.astro.princeton.edu/~dns/teachersguide/MeasECAct.html Tallest Structures TIMELINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_three_tallest_structures_in_the_world Tallest list incorporating building/structure distinction: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_tallest_buildings_and_structures_in_the_world falling person and terminal velocity: http://www.newton.dep.anl.gov/askasci/phy00/phy00012.htm KWTV, first radio mast taller than the Empire State Building: http://www.fybush.com/sites/2004/site-040129.html radio mast collapse VIDEO: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vx4k9gXAZEM Dubai and Burj Khalifa in fog: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vo3pY_jmn2w Pictures of Burj Khalifa: http://www.owips.com/burj-khalifa/ Burj Khalifa and Ramadan: http://www.emirates247.com/news/emirates/burj-khalifa-residents-must-fast-a-little-longer-2011-08-07-1.411516 Shuttle / ISS height: http://serc.carleton.edu/quantskills/activities/botec_orbit.html Sunrise from orbit VIDEO: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5nF5RXQxDH4 XKCD Date Idea" http://blog.xkcd.com/2009/04/06/a-date-idea-analyzed/ Space elevator: http://www.spaceward.org/ (be sure to enjoy the Conan Space Pirate Toy .gif) http://www.spaceelevatorblog.com/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Space_elevator Another possible way to make a...

Inq's Cipher Wheel

Get your own Inq's Cipher Wheel and everything else in Box VIII: http://www.curiositybox.com Twitter: http://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys Instagram: http://instagr.am/doonlinenowguys Send me something! Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***CREDITS*** Your host today has been Michael Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti and Michael Stevens VFX outros by Eric Langlay http://youtube.com/ericlanglay Music by Jake Chudnow http://youtube.com/jakechudnow and from http://www.audionetwork.com ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

This Game Takes NO Prisoners! | SUPER EXPERT NO SKIP [#03] - Super Mario Maker

Entire Mario Maker playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLIX4i9q7ydDQAACzL9DDlvKWrLKsCQI0X Catch me live streaming @ https://twitch.tv/ryukahr Thank you so much for watching! https://twitter.com/ryukahr To submit a level to me, tweet @ me with the hashtag #ryusmm

The Banach–Tarski Paradox

Q: "What's an anagram of Banach-Tarski?" A: "Banach-Tarski Banach-Tarski." twitter: https://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants Kevin’s Field Day video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1zARMZ08ums Field Day: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCRPktNf5vnBR1J4e7t1RUVg Deep dream animation by http://instagram.com/NaderMakki/ If you like it, you'll love this video also by Nader: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fJ9j_z2kXI0 Chocolate illusion: http://mathandmultimedia.com/2014/07/22/explanation-infinite-chocolate-bars/ Chocolate illusion video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dmBsPgPu0Wc related Numberphile videos: sizes of infinity (includes diagonal argument): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=elvOZm0d4H0 infinity paradoxes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dDl7g_2x74Q Vi Hart on types of infinity: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=23I5GS4JiDg Countable & uncountable definitions: http://mathinsight.org/definition/uncountable https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Countable_set https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uncountable_set Banach-Tarski on wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banach%E2%80%93Tarski_paradox Banach-Tarski proofs: http://math.uchicago.edu/~may/REU2014/REUPapers/Robinson.pdf https://www.math.hmc.edu/~su/papers.dir/banachtarski.pdf http://people.math.umass.edu/~weston/oldpapers/banach.pdf Banach-Tarski explinations online: http://www.irregularwebcomic.net/2339.html http://www.kuro5hin.org/comments/2003/5/23/134430/275?pid=5#10 http://skepticsplay.blogspot.co.uk/2010/05/doubling-sphere.html http://austinrochford.com/posts/2014-05-14-banach-tarski-paradox.html http://www.math.cornell.edu/~mec/Summer2009/Whieldon/Math_Explorers_Club%3A__Lesson_Links/Entries/2009/7/28_Lesson_6%3A__Whats_an_Anagram_of_Banach-Tarski.html http://rachellevanger.com/index_files/BT%20Animated%20Presentation%20Web.pdf http://quibb.blogspot.co.uk/2013_03_01_archive.html http://blog.computationalcomplexity.org/2011/04/what-did-banachs-wife-think-of-banach.html https://geopolicraticus.wordpress.com/tag/banach-tarski-paradox/ http://dgleahy.com/p47.html https://www.math.hmc.edu/funfacts/ffiles/30001.1-3-8.shtml Cayley graph animated gif: https://twitter.com/GIFsofWikipedia/status/624202342259240960 Hilbert’s hotel on wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hilbert%27s_paradox_of_the_Grand_Hotel types of infinity: http://www.xamuel.com/levels-of-infinity/ set theory and quantum physics: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02213427#page-1 LHC gif: http://cms.web.cern.ch/news/lhc-data-be-made-public-open-access-initiative Zermelo-Fraenkel axioms of mathematics: http://mathworld.wolfram.com/Zermelo-FraenkelAxioms.html Is math invented or discovered? http://phys.org/news/2013-09-mathematics-effective-world.html http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/is-the-universe-made-of-math-excerpt/ more deep dream images: https://www.reddit.com/r/deepdream/ BOOKS: The Pea and the Sun: http://www.amazon.com/The-Pea-Sun-Mathematical-Paradox/dp/1568813279 The Outer Limits...

A Game You Can Never Win

Not a real offer. *** LINKS *** Get Vsauce's favorite science and math toys delivered to your door! https://www.curiositybox.com/ 2018 Currency Budget https://www.federalreserve.gov/foia/files/2018currency.pdf The Fed - How Much Does It Cost To Produce Currency And Coin? https://www.federalreserve.gov/faqs/currency_12771.htm New $100 Bill Costs 60% More To Produce (Article from 2013) https://www.marketwatch.com/story/new-100-bill-costs-60-more-to-produce-2013-10-08 Prop Movie Money https://propmoviemoney.com/product/new-style-100-full-print-prop-money-stack/ Hasbro Monopoly Money https://www.amazon.com/dp/B00000IWCW/ Tullock Auctions https://blogs.cornell.edu/info2040/2012/09/25/losing-to-win-tullock-auctions/ Knee-Deep In The Big Muddy: A Study Of Escalating Commitment to a Chosen Course of Action http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.470.3668&rep=rep1&type=pdf The Dollar Auction Game: A Paradox in Noncooperative Behavior and Escalation by Martin Shubik http://www.math.toronto.edu/mpugh/Teaching/Sci199_03/dollar_auction_1.pdf Backward Induction https://vknight.org/Year_3_game_theory_course/Content/Chapter_07-Extensive_form_games_and_backwards_induction/ *********************************** Vsauce2 Links Twitter: https://twitter.com/VsauceTwo Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/VsauceTwo Hosted, Produced, And Edited by Kevin Lieber Instagram: http://instagram.com/kevlieber Twitter: https://twitter.com/kevleeb Website: http://kevinlieber.com Research And Writing by Matthew Tabor https://twitter.com/matthewktabor VFX By Eric Langlay https://www.youtube.com/c/ericlanglay Huge Thanks Paula Lieber https://www.etsy.com/shop/Craftality Select Music By...

The Brachistochrone

BRAIN CANDY LIVE TICKETS: http://www.braincandylive.com/tickets Links to sources and to learn more below! MY TWITTER: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce MY INSTAGRAM: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants THE CURIOSITY BOX: https://www.curiositybox.com/ Stan Wagon “Roads and Wheels” [PDF]: http://web.mst.edu/~lmhall/Personal/RoadsWheels/RoadsWheels.pdf 3Blue1Brown video, “The Brachistochrone, with Steven Strogatz”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cld0p3a43fU Pile of people visualization originally from this Vsauce1 video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C6eOcd06kdk Online spirograph: http://nathanfriend.io/inspirograph/ The Brachistochrone http://whistleralley.com/brachistochrone/brachistochrone.htm Rolling: http://www.animations.physics.unsw.edu.au//jw/rolling.htm http://teacher.pas.rochester.edu/phy121/LectureNotes/Chapter12/Chapter12.html Refraction of light: http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/refrn/Lesson-1/Refraction-and-Sight http://www.funscience.in/study-zone/Physics/RefractionOfLight/AtmosphericRefraction.php http://www.walter-fendt.de/html5/phen/refractionhuygens_en.htm http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/java/particleorwave/refraction/ http://astro.unl.edu/classaction/animations/telescopes/snellslaw.html http://demonstrations.wolfram.com/FermatsPrincipleAndSnellsLaw/ Feynman on The Principle of Least Time: http://www.feynmanlectures.caltech.edu/I_26.html cycloid as answer to brachistochrone: https://sinews.siam.org/About-the-Author/quick-find-a-solution-to-the-brachistochrone-problem-1 Music from: https://www.youtube.com/jakechudnow and http://www.audionetwork.com Roulette animations by Eric Langlay https://www.youtube.com/c/ericlanglay good relevant Wikipedia articles: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brachistochrone_curve https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tautochrone_curve https://goo.gl/SlRDhK https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cycloid https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snell's_law Wolfram demonstration projects used: "Cycloid Curves" from the Wolfram Demonstrations Project  http://demonstrations.wolfram.com/CycloidCurves/ Contributed by: Sean Madsen Additional contributions by: David von Seggern (U. Nevada, Reno) "Shaping a Road and Finding the Corresponding Wheel" from the Wolfram...

Our Narrow Slice

SOURCES AND MORE INFO BELOW: Jared Diamond's "The World Until Yesterday": http://www.amazon.co.uk/The-World-Until-Yesterday-Traditional/dp/0141024488/ music by: youtube.com/jakechudnow Follow Michael Stevens: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce more on WEIRD: http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2013/05/weird_psychology_social_science_researchers_rely_too_much_on_western_college.html incorrect predictions: http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Incorrect_predictions More famous INCORRECT predictions: http://www.rense.com/general81/dw.htm http://web.mit.edu/randy/www/words.html history of miscegenation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miscegenation debunked scientific beliefs: http://listverse.com/2009/01/19/10-debunked-scientific-beliefs-of-the-past/ Hollow Earth: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hollow_Earth Hollow Concave Earth: http://www.atlasobscura.com/places/koreshan-state-historic-site Concave Earth spying attempt: http://bit.ly/1gnDwRE Scathing reviews of masterpieces: http://mentalfloss.com/article/30497/11-early-scathing-reviews-works-now-considered-masterpieces http://flavorwire.com/335428/15-scathing-early-reviews-of-classic-novels/ Thomas Midgley, Jr.: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Midgley,_Jr. QI clip about Midgley: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gZAnnvSOEmw Inventors killed by own inventions (AllTime10s): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wu9KXQmL2d8 50 worst inventions: http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1991915_1991909_1991817,00.html Nevin Lead and crime study: http://pic.plover.com/Nevin/Nevin2007.pdf

Lenz's Law

GET A FREE AUDIOBOOK! http://audible.com/michaelstoys or text michaelstoys to 500-500 LINKS TO LEARN MORE BELOW! dong on twitter: https://twitter.com/doonlinenowguys dong on instagram: https://www.instagram.com/doonlinenowguys my reddit post about DONG and Vsauce1: https://www.reddit.com/r/vsauce/comments/86a49b/can_anyone_tell_me_why_the_vsauce_videos_of/dw4fhoc/ VIDEOS MENTIONED: The episode of Mind Field at UC Irvine. We look at how playing video games can effect the shape and size of your brain: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1RHsAUyFCAM How dangerous are magnetic items near an MRI magnet? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6BBx8BwLhqg Veritasium: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NqdOyxJZj0U PhysicsFun on instagram: https://www.instagram.com/physicsfun Science Bob and magnetic cereal: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n9s8CbP7ExY wbeaty's video on how to make a generator: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k7Sz8oT8ou0 MRI quench: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9SOUJP5dFEg Levitating frog: http://www.ru.nl/hfml/research/levitation/diamagnetic/ Faraday's Law interactive: https://phet.colorado.edu/sims/html/faradays-law/latest/faradays-law_en.html Lenz's Law: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lenz%27s_law Lenz's Law interactive: https://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/electromag/java/lenzlaw/ Ann Druyan: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ann_Druyan Voyager Golden Record: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voyager_Golden_Record ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti and...

The Invention Of Blue

Curiosity Box: https://www.curiositybox.com/ Written, Produced, Edited and Hosted by Kevin Lieber Instagram: http://instagram.com/kevlieber Twitter: https://twitter.com/kevleeb Website: http://kevinlieber.com Contributing Researcher & Editor Matthew Tabor, Koala Fight Media http://koala.fm/ VFX by Eric Langlay https://www.youtube.com/c/ericlanglay Select Music by Jake Chudnow https://www.youtube.com/user/jakechudnow Special Thanks Paula Lieber https://twitter.com/pixichuu Vsauce2 Links Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/VsauceTwo Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/VsauceTwo Website: http://www.Vsauce.com **** LINKS AND SOURCES **** BOOKS The Brilliant History of Color in Art by Victoria Finlay https://www.amazon.com/Brilliant-History-Color-Art/dp/1606064290/ Blue: The History Of A Color by Michel Pastoureau https://www.amazon.com/Blue-History-Color-Michel-Pastoureau/dp/0691090505/ Secret Language Of Color by Joann Eckstut and Arielle Eckstut https://www.amazon.com/Secret-Language-Color-Science-History/dp/1579129498/ SPECIAL THANKS Virginia Postrel https://vpostrel.com/ https://www.amazon.com/Substance-Style-Aesthetic-Remaking-Consciousness/dp/0060933852/ Victoria Finlay https://victoriafinlay.com/ Joshua J. Mark http://www.ancient.eu/user/JPryst/ Kidmograph http://www.kidmograph.com/ https://www.instagram.com/kidmograph/ Outro Song “I Came Back For You” by Trevor Something https://trevorsomething.bandcamp.com/album/soulless-computer-boy-and-the-eternal-render ARTICLES Pigments Through The Ages https://goo.gl/ytfGV3 https://goo.gl/D6nwMs Color In Art https://goo.gl/4Bu7pD Harvard Color Vault https://goo.gl/Q86ixm https://goo.gl/Y43xCb Little Snow White https://goo.gl/Lsm8Xt A Story Of Blue https://goo.gl/4GsVFB The Material History of the Color...

Stranger Facial Hair

20% off for the first 200: https://brilliant.org/dong The Curiosity Box: https://www.curiositybox.com/ ***Click "SHOW MORE" for links to DONGs*** DONG on Wikipedia (0:30) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dong Interactive Polyhedra (0:54) https://www.ibiblio.org/e-notes/webgl/polyhedra/polyhedra.htm Larger Library of Polyhedra (2:18) http://dmccooey.com/polyhedra/ Bagel (2:39) http://www.georgehart.com/bagel/bagel.html Stranger Things (3:08) http://evenstranger.pw/ Stroop Test (4:46) http://s3.mirror.co.uk/click-the-colour-and-not-the-word/index.html General Relativity (7:27) http://spark.sciencemag.org/generalrelativity/ Phet Pendulum Interactive (7:55) https://phet.colorado.edu/sims/html/pendulum-lab/latest/pendulum-lab_en.html ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti (https://www.youtube.com/c/HannahCanetti) VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by Jake Chudnow (http://youtube.com/jakechudnow) ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

Adam Savage's One Day Builds: 1000 Shot NERF Blaster!

Adam picks up a NERF Rival Nemesis blaster, and upgrades it with a custom magazine to hold a THOUSAND soft plastic NERF balls. Watch as Adam builds the new magazine from scratch, uses kit-bashing to detail the blaster, and adds more upgrades like the bi-pod and laser. And to test this massive rig, Adam sets his sights on some prehistoric prey! Life finds a way! Shot and edited by Joey Fameli and Gunther Kirsch Watch more videos made possible by the Tested Premium member community here: http://tested.com/membership Subscribe for more videos! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=testedcom Follow us on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/testedcom Get updates on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/testedcom Tested is: Adam Savage...

Math Magic

Links to sources, more math magic, and other cool things below! My Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce My Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants Thanks to Vanessa from BrainCraft! Check out her channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/braincraftvideo Matt Parker's standupmaths channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/standupmaths Matt's video I mention: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aNpGxZ_1KXU STEMMathsMagic channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/STEMMathsMagic The STEMMathsMagic video I reference: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r-LO8zQ9eTs STEMMathsMagic website (check out the manual!): http://www.mathematicalmagic.com/thetricks.html mismag is amazing. He introduced me to MANY self-working mathematical tricks. Please check him out! https://www.youtube.com/user/mismag822 MUSIC in this episode is from: Jake Chudnow: https://www.youtube.com/user/jakechudnow zach mccoy: https://zachmccoy.bandcamp.com/ audionetwork: http://www.audionetwork.com Shakespeare and Psalm 46: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psalm_46 http://www.umsl.edu/~thomaskp/sbible.htm https://www.apologeticspress.org/apcontent.aspx?category=13&article=925 Paper about which cards people think of most frequently (and more): http://www2.psych.ubc.ca/~rensink/publications/download/Cards-OAR.pdf 52 factorial explained by Scott Czepiel: http://czep.net/weblog/52cards.html Some good math magic articles: http://www.maa.org/community/maa-columns/past-columns-card-colm/low-down-triple-dealing http://www.futilitycloset.com/2015/06/25/color-scheme/ http://www.maa.org/external_archive/columns/colm/cardcolm200504.html http://www.ams.org/samplings/feature-column/fcarc-mulcahy5 http://mathforum.org/library/drmath/view/60379.html

Fixed Points

My video on Sesame Studios: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BTjAiyyG2sw The Curiosity Box by Vsauce: https://www.curiositybox.com/ LINKS TO SOURCES BELOW! My twitter: https://twitter.com/tweetsauce My instagram: https://www.instagram.com/electricpants DONG: https://www.youtube.com/dong Moon Museum: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moon_Museum E.A.T. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Experiments_in_Art_and_Technology Brouwer’s fixed point theorem: http://mathforum.org/mathimages/index.php/Brouwer_Fixed_Point_Theorem https://simanaitissays.com/2015/01/19/combed-coconut-must-have-cowlicks/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brouwer_fixed-point_theorem https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=86uarqPBJ9s Excellent interactive wolfram demo of Brouwer: http://demonstrations.wolfram.com/BrouwerFixedPointTheorem/ Online graphing calculator used was: https://www.desmos.com/ fixed points more generally: http://www.math.uri.edu/~kulenm/mth381pr/fixedpoint/fixedpoint.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fixed_point_(mathematics) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fixed-point_iteration Gullible 9s: http://mathforum.org/library/drmath/view/62561.html Babylonian method: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methods_of_computing_square_roots#Babylonian_method Iterated equation solver you can use to run the Babylonian method: http://www.wolframalpha.com/widgets/view.jsp?id=e4a9b48a942efefa14b2773c31982c29 aleph fixed point: https://lukepalmer.wordpress.com/2007/06/14/the-lesser-of-infinitely-many-evils/ http://cantorsattic.info/Aleph My video on counting past infinity: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SrU9YDoXE88 map projections: http://www.gis.osu.edu/misc/map-projections/ https://www.jasondavies.com/maps/transition/ antipodes: http://geographer-at-large.blogspot.co.uk/2011/10/where-is-your-antipode.html antipode-finders: https://www.jasondavies.com/maps/antipodes/ http://www.findlatitudeandlongitude.com/antipode-map/#.V-nBkZMrIUF Pacific antipode image: http://i.imgur.com/dyJQ3EW.jpg Borsuk-Ulam: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Px6fajpSio https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_sA3c0AhK34 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EhAs-vZDQG0 “four” is the cosmic number: Standupmaths video about how four has four letters. So bummed I only found this AFTER I made this vid, check it out!! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LYKn0yUTIU4 http://theweeklyriddle.blogspot.com/2010/09/cosmic-number.html “Idempotent”: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Idempotence protocol_7’s comment: https://www.reddit.com/r/math/comments/tw502/can_you_supply_an_elegant_proof/ Other topology pages: http://www.solitaryroad.com/c775.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homeomorphism wiki images: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Robert_Rauschenberg_(1968).jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claes_Oldenburg#/media/File:Claes_Oldenburg_(1970).jpg Globe is...

Online Illusions

First 36 Get 20% Off Annual Subscription: https://brilliant.org/doonline/ The Curiosity Box: https://www.curiositybox.com/ ***Click "SHOW MORE" for links to DONGs*** Michael Bach (0:44) http://www.michaelbach.de/ot/ Ghostly Gaze (0:56) http://www.michaelbach.de/ot/fcs-ghostlyGaze/index.html Albert/Marilyn (2:11) http://thevisualcommunicationguy.com/2014/04/07/hybrid-images-detail-memory-and-our-crazy-brain/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hybrid_image http://people.sunyit.edu/~lepres/thesis/principles/253_pdfsam_POD.pdf Dancing Girl (3:48) http://www.michaelbach.de/ot/sze_silhouette/index.html Thatcher Effect (4:39) http://thatchereffect.com/ Fading Dot (5:03) http://www.exploratorium.edu/files/exhibits/fading_dot/fading_dot.html Oscillating Dots (5:56) https://www.reddit.com/r/illusionporn/comments/7owdms/2_dots_oscillating_vertically_or_horizontally_or/ Hinged Tessellations (7:19) http://algrant.ca/projects/hinged-tessellations/ ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti (https://www.youtube.com/c/HannahCanetti) VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by Jake Chudnow (http://youtube.com/jakechudnow) ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

Magic 13

Get my favorite math and science toys delivered regularly to your home! http://www.curiositybox.com Twitter: http://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys Instagram: http://instagr.am/doonlinenowguys Send me something! Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***CREDITS*** Host Michael Stevens Special Guest JAKE ROPER http://www.youtube.com/vsauce3 Edited by Jack Merline VFX outros by Eric Langlay http://youtube.com/ericlanglay Music by Jake Chudnow http://youtube.com/jakechudnow and from http://www.audionetwork.com ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

A Game You Can Always Win

Get Vsauce's favorite science and math toys delivered right to your door: http://www.curiositybox.com The 100 game was created by the Reverend Charles Lutwidge Dodgson -- who you may know for writing Alice In Wonderland under the pen name Lewis Carroll. Carroll’s Oxford students were amazed. On February 5, 1856 he wrote in his diary: “... the trick of counting alternately up to 100, neither putting on more than 10 to the last number named, astonished them not a little.” The Universe in a Handkerchief: Lewis Carroll’s Mathematical Recreations, Games, Puzzles, and Word Plays, by Martin Gardiner https://www.amazon.com/Universe-Handkerchief-Carrolls-Mathematical-Recreations/dp/0387256415 The Diaries of Lewis Carroll Volume...

Relativistic Effects

LINKS TO LEARN MORE BELOW! follow: http://www.twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys Relativity VIDEO RECOMMENDATIONS: I talk about relativistic effects in this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ACUuFg9Y9dY My video about flat Earth: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VNqNnUJVcVs&t=3s Minutephyisics series on relativity (first two chapters are out so far) Chapter 1: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1rLWVZVWfdY Chapter 2: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hTxWAQGgeQw More time dilation videos: Best0fScience: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HHRK6ojWdtU PBS Space Time: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GguAN1_JouQ Sixty Symbols: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cxqjyl74iu4 Fraser Cain: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JwCYwte9NKg Relativity BOOK RECOMMENDATIONS: “Relativity Simply Explained” by Martin Gardener https://www.amazon.com/Relativity-Explained-Classics-Science-Mathematics/dp/0486293157 “Relativity Visualized” by Lewis Carroll Epstein https://www.amazon.com/Relativity-Explained-Classics-Science-Mathematics/dp/0486293157 "Spacetime Physics" https://www.amazon.com/Spacetime-Physics-Edwin-F-Taylor/dp/0716723271 “A Most Incomprehensible Thing: Notes Towards a Very Gentle Introduction to the Mathematics of Relativity” by Peter Collier https://www.amazon.com/Most-Incomprehensible-Thing-Introduction-Mathematics-ebook/dp/B008JRJ1VK Requires some background in relevant math topics (see above) but very very good: “Spacetime And Geometry: An Introduction To General Relativity”...

Supertasks

The Vsauce Holiday Box is here! It's full of exclusive Vsauce merch, cool science toys, and ALL Vsauce proceeds are donated to Alzheimer’s research!! ORDER HERE: http://geekfuel.com/Vsauce SOURCES AND EXTRAS: my twitter: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce my instagram: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants Gabriel’s horn: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gabriel%27s_Horn http://blog.plover.com/math/gabriels-horn.html Gabriel’s wedding cake: https://oumathclub.wordpress.com/2015/01/25/gabriels-wedding-cake/ PDF: http://people.emich.edu/aross15/math121/misc/gabriels-horn-ma044.pdf Supersolid PDF: http://people.emich.edu/aross15/math121/misc/love-1989-supersolids.pdf Zeno’s supertask paradoxes: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zeno%27s_paradoxes https://math.dartmouth.edu/~matc/Readers/HowManyAngels/SpaceTimeMotion/STM.html https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u7Z9UnWOJNY Staccato Zeno runner with no velocity/acceleration discontinuities: https://goo.gl/2mYdcT General supertask reads: http://personal.lse.ac.uk/robert49/ebooks/PhilSciAdventures/lecture25.html http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/spacetime-supertasks/ http://mathpages.com/rr/s3-07/3-07.htm https://math.dartmouth.edu/~matc/Readers/HowManyAngels/SpaceTimeMotion/STM.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supertask http://www.vordenker.de/gunther_web/achill1.htm Big book of collected supertask writing: https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=0AzP9WLLJLcC&dq=order+type+of+the+integers&source=gbs_navlinks_s PDF’s about supertasks: http://pitt.edu/~jearman/EarmanNorton1996a.pdf http://www.interciencia.es/infinity/thomsonlamp.pdf http://arxiv.org/pdf/1309.0144.pdf http://www.pitt.edu/~jdnorton/papers/onjpl.pdf http://personal.lse.ac.uk/ROBERT49/teaching/ph103/2013-2014/pdf/EarmanNorton_CommentsOnLauraudogoita.pdf http://arxiv.org/pdf/1503.05847v1.pdf http://www.phys.nthu.edu.tw/~pep/download/Drawer/187.pdf http://arxiv.org/pdf/math/0212047.pdf Plank scale: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Planck_scale http://astronomy.swin.edu.au/cosmos/P/Planck+Units https://www.reddit.com/r/explainlikeimfive/comments/1oetkk/eli5_why_is_a_planck_length_the_smallest_possible/ Hyper computation and supertasks: http://georgschauer.com/2013/04/03/overcoming-constraints-on-reliability-in-nomologically-accessible-m-h-relativistic-hypercomputers/ http://www.hypercomputation.net/download/1996a_hogarth.pdf Thomson’s Lamp: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomson%27s_lamp http://alexanderpruss.blogspot.ro/2009/05/thomson-lamp.html Benacerraf on supertasks: [PDF] http://joelvelasco.net/teaching/hum9/benacerraf62-supertasks.pdf Ordinal numbers (omega and omega+1): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ordinal_number http://www.sjsu.edu/faculty/watkins/ordinals.htm http://math.wikia.com/wiki/Ordinal_number Ross-Littlewood paradox: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ross%E2%80%93Littlewood_paradox https://angryfaic.wordpress.com/2011/02/25/four-paradoxes-involving-infinity/ New York Times Neanderthal genome article: http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2011/08/15/sleeping-with-the-enemy Neanderthals: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neanderthal http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2013/01/125-restless-genes/dobbs-text https://rogerdhansen.wordpress.com/2011/08/21/the-wandering-gene/ and boats: https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21328544.800-neanderthals-were-ancient-mariners/ Another fun infinity paradox: http://lesswrong.com/lw/isp/on_the_importance_of_taking_limits_infinite/ SMBC Zeno comic: http://www.smbc-comics.com/?id=2759 MATH! https://www.youtube.com/user/standupmaths https://www.youtube.com/user/numberphile https://www.youtube.com/user/singingbanana https://www.youtube.com/user/Vihart music from: http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow and http://www.audionetwork.com

What Will We Miss?

Follow Michael Stevens for MORE: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce LINKS AND SOURCES BELOW When was I conceived? http://www.whenwasiconceived.com Another conception calculator if the above link is down: http://www.paulsadowski.com/Birthday.asp (you can also Google "conception calculator" and find a bunch) Birthday star calculator: http://outreach.jach.hawaii.edu/birthstars/year.php 6009: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/7th_millennium Zeitpyramide / Time Pyramid: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time_pyramid Time Pyramid today VIDEO: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8ggB7HQyRZ8 Chernobyl: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chernobyl_Exclusion_Zone Awesome Kraftwerk preformance of "Radioactivity": http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0EBTn_3DBYo Supernova viewed from Earth simulation VIDEO: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dtWeH4-Ugy4 Betelgeuse: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Betelgeuse Eta Carinae: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eta_Carinae Andromeda and Milky Way collision: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/hubble/science/milky-way-collide.html http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/releases/2012/20/image/c/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andromeda%E2%80%93Milky_Way_collision FOMO (Fear Of Missing Out): http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/10/business/10ping.html?src=recg&_r=0 http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2011/04/14/fomo-addiction-the-fear-of-missing-out/ Fate of Niagara Falls, Mt. Rushmore, and total solar eclipses: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_far_future Saturn's rings in the future: http://www.bobthealien.co.uk/satring.htm a photon's path out of the sun: http://www.astro.cornell.edu/share/sharvari/websiteV7/Etransport.htm Troxler's Fading: http://www.zmescience.com/other/offbeat-other/troxler-effect-08112011/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Troxler's_fading MUSIC BY Jake Chudnow: http://www.youtube.com/jakechudnow and http://www.audionetwork.com/

Mysterium Cosmographicum

GET THE CURIOSITY BOX: https://www.curiositybox.com Follow DONG on Twitter! https://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys MORE INFO: https://thatsmaths.com/2016/10/13/keplers-magnificent-mysterium-cosmographicum/ http://www.cyphertext.net/gfish/Kepler2017.pdf https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Platonic_solid https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geocentric_model https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heliocentrism Images from: https://goo.gl/JuF2wB https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regular_4-polytope#/media/File:Schlegel_wireframe_24-cell.png Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Edited by Jack Merline VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by Jake Chudnow (http://youtube.com/jakechudnow) ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

The Galton Board

Get my favorite science and math toys delivered right to your door: http://www.curiositybox.com Buy a Galton Board here: http://geni.us/GaltonBoard Twitter: http://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys Instagram: http://instagr.am/doonlinenowguys Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***CREDITS*** Starring Hannah Canetti With special appearance by Michael Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti and Michael Stevens Close-up footage of the board by JAKE ROPER VFX outros by Eric Langlay http://youtube.com/ericlanglay Music by Jake Chudnow http://youtube.com/jakechudnow ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

Can You Draw A Perfect Circle?

The Curiosity Box: https://www.curiositybox.com/ MICHAEL ON TWITTER: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***Click "SHOW MORE" for links to DONGs*** Codereddit (0:34) http://codereddit.net/#/?_k=w8appj Perfect Circle (0:53) http://vladgotlib.com/circular/ Alphabet Passport (1:38) http://alphabetpassport.com/populationarea.php Slightly Annoying Traffic (1:53) https://jorbits.itch.io/traffic Cardinal Run (2:04) https://labrat.mobi/games/cardinal_run/ Don’t Pop the Balloon (2:13) https://www.openprocessing.org/sketch/491198 Creepy Face (2:25) http://alteredqualia.com/xg/examples/deferred_skin.html Based on a True Story (2:38) https://informationisbeautiful.net/visualizations/based-on-a-true-true-story/ What Bowie Did At Your Age (2:58) http://supbowie.com Hex Code Clock (3:24) http://www.jacopocolo.com/hexclock/ ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Written and edited by Hannah Canetti (https://www.youtube.com/c/HannahCanetti) VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by...

Would Headlights Work at Light Speed?

If you were driving at the speed of light and turned on your headlights, what would happen? Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants Sources and extras below!! Thanks to Jude for asking me this question on twitter! https://twitter.com/stefanikj5/status/550865272895447041 “The Life of the Cosmos” by Lee Smolin: http://www.amazon.co.uk/The-Life-Cosmos-Lee-Smolin/dp/0195126645 “In Search of the Multiverse” by John Gribbin: http://www.amazon.co.uk/In-Search-Multiverse-John-Gribbin/dp/0141036117 “The Pig That Wants to be Eaten: by Julian Baggini: http://www.amazon.co.uk/The-Pig-That-Wants-Eaten/dp/1847081282 Relevant MinutePhysics videos: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IM630Z8lho8 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NnMIhxWRGNw light slowing down in glass: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FAivtXJOsiI a different perspective from Sixty Symbols about light slowing down: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CiHN0ZWE5bk Why is “c” the speed of light? http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/physics/Relativity/SpeedOfLight/c.html Car at light speed: http://www.sydneyobservatory.com.au/2010/what-happens-when-a-car-travelling-near-the-speed-of-light-turns-on-its-headlights/ https://van.physics.illinois.edu/qa/listing.php?id=1355 http://www.scienceforums.net/topic/82191-i-am-driving-my-car-at-the-speed-of-light-and-i-turn-on-my-headlights-what-do-i-see/ http://www.desy.de/user/projects/Physics/Relativity/SpeedOfLight/headlights.html Light speed is the same in all inertial frames of reference: http://www.physlink.com/Education/AskExperts/ae558.cfm https://van.physics.illinois.edu/qa/listing.php?id=2605 http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/relativ/mmhist.html#c1 Relativistic addition of velocities: http://demonstrations.wolfram.com/EinsteinsFormulaForAddingVelocities/ http://cnx.org/contents/e3a41220-af3f-40c6-b8ba-1a5d1bcbed92@6/Relativistic_Addition_of_Veloc doppler shift: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:XYCoordinates.gif#mediaviewer/File:Doppler-velocity89.jpg Relativity: http://www.refsmmat.com/jsphys/relativity/relativity.html http://www.astro.virginia.edu/~jh8h/Foundations/quest7.html Light speed and...

Homonyms

LINKS TO LEARN MORE BELOW! DONG on twitter: https://twitter.com/doonlinenowguys DONG on instagram: https://www.instagram.com/doonlinenowguys Similar Words Tweet https://twitter.com/tweetsauce/status/970775723538497536 Multinyms https://web.archive.org/web/20160825095711/http://people.sc.fsu.edu/~jburkardt/fun/wordplay/multinyms.html McGurk Effect https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G-lN8vWm3m0&t=41s Tom7's Anagraphs https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qTBAW-Eh0tM Skate Fish https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skate_(fish) https://www.etymonline.com/word/skate Homonyms https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homonym ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Edited by Jack Merline VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by Jake Chudnow (http://youtube.com/jakechudnow) Audio Network (https://www.audionetwork.com) Matt Merline (https://soundcloud.com/thegooddullness) ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3