Is Earth Actually Flat?
Is Earth Actually Flat?
Is Earth Actually Flat?
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Is Earth Actually Flat? - Vsauce

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Our World is Amazing. Questions? Ideas? Tweet me: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce Vsauce was created by Michael Stevens in the summer of 2010. Vsauce is... Michael Stevens: Producer/Host of Vsauce1 Kevin Lieber: Producer/Host of Vsauce2 Jake Roper: Producer/Host of Vsauce3 Eric Langlay: VFX for Vsauce1/2/3 You: Thanks for watching!!!

Video Related Is Earth Actually Flat? - Vsauce

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How Much of the Earth Can You See at Once?

My shirt is from this quarter’s CURIOSITY BOX: http://www.curiositybox.com/ MY TWITTER: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce MY INSTAGRAM: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants Thanks to Mitchell for the jack-in-the-box! http://brainvenomstudio.com/ 3Blue1Brown: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCYO_jab_esuFRV4b17AJtAw 3Blue1Brown fractal dimension video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gB9n2gHsHN4 Mathologer video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qhbuKbxJsk8 Distance to horizon calculator: http://www.ringbell.co.uk/info/hdist.htm Earth curvature calculator: http://earthcurvature.com/ US cross section: https://www.reddit.com/r/MapPorn/comments/22cco7/us_elevation_profile_from_la_to_nyc_oc_1139x442/ Scott Kelly ISS earth pic: https://twitter.com/stationcdrkelly/status/618407818962575360?lang=en names of large numbers: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Names_of_large_numbers Earth’s surface fractal dimension: http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a129664.pdf Improbable research pancake study: http://www.improbable.com/airchives/paperair/volume9/v9i3/kansas.html State flatness paper: http://www.disruptivegeo.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/FlatMap_GeographicalReview_DobsonCampbell_2013Nov.pdf Mental floss article on flat states: http://mentalfloss.com/article/58976/kansas-really-flatter-pancake Lake Islands: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_island XKCD What If? bowling ball Earth: https://what-if.xkcd.com/46/ West Virginia map: https://store.usgs.gov/product/109169 Is Earth as smooth as a billiard ball? https://skeptics.stackexchange.com/questions/10763/is-earth-as-smooth-as-a-billiard-ball WPA rules: http://wpapool.com/rule-regulations/ Billiard ball surface scan paper: http://billiards.colostate.edu/bd_articles/2013/june13.pdf What state people think of as flat: http://americangeo.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/AGSGeographicKnowledgeValuesSurveyFinal.pdf Roche limit: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roche_limit https://www.quora.com/Why-arent-we-affected-by-the-Roche-Limit-Earth-is-clearly-larger-than-us https://www.quora.com/Does-the-Roche-limit-apply-to-our-human-launched-satellites-and-other-orbiting-bodies-of-Earth Hey What’s That? http://www.heywhatsthat.com Field...

What Happens When The Queen Dies | Vanity Fair

After nearly 66 years on the throne, Queen Elizabeth II is the longest reigning monarch in British history and has been a constant and calming force amidst the fast-paced changes their country has faced, making it even more inconceivable to think about what happens when she dies. Since Buckingham Palace doesn’t shy away from procedure, it's no surprise there’s already a comprehensive plan in place for what happens after she passes, known as Operation London Bridge. On the day Queen Elizabeth II dies, her death will elicit a comprehensive plan that has been in place since the 1960s. What will...

The Josephus Problem - Numberphile

The Josephus Problem, featuring Daniel Erman from University of Wisconsin-Madison. Winning at Dots and Boxes: https://youtu.be/KboGyIilP6k More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ Correction: Around 9:40 that should be L less than 2^a NOT 2a --- Sorry, typo in editing! But you got the point hopefully. Support us on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/numberphile NUMBERPHILE Website: http://www.numberphile.com/ Numberphile on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/numberphile Numberphile tweets: https://twitter.com/numberphile Subscribe: http://bit.ly/Numberphile_Sub Numberphile is supported by the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI): http://bit.ly/MSRINumberphile Videos by Brady Haran Brady's videos subreddit: http://www.reddit.com/r/BradyHaran/ Brady's latest videos across all channels: http://www.bradyharanblog.com/ Sign up for (occasional) emails: http://eepurl.com/YdjL9 Numberphile T-Shirts: https://teespring.com/stores/numberphile Other merchandise: https://store.dftba.com/collections/numberphile

The Banach–Tarski Paradox

Q: "What's an anagram of Banach-Tarski?" A: "Banach-Tarski Banach-Tarski." twitter: https://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants Kevin’s Field Day video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1zARMZ08ums Field Day: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCRPktNf5vnBR1J4e7t1RUVg Deep dream animation by http://instagram.com/NaderMakki/ If you like it, you'll love this video also by Nader: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fJ9j_z2kXI0 Chocolate illusion: http://mathandmultimedia.com/2014/07/22/explanation-infinite-chocolate-bars/ Chocolate illusion video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dmBsPgPu0Wc related Numberphile videos: sizes of infinity (includes diagonal argument): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=elvOZm0d4H0 infinity paradoxes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dDl7g_2x74Q Vi Hart on types of infinity: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=23I5GS4JiDg Countable & uncountable definitions: http://mathinsight.org/definition/uncountable https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Countable_set https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uncountable_set Banach-Tarski on wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banach%E2%80%93Tarski_paradox Banach-Tarski proofs: http://math.uchicago.edu/~may/REU2014/REUPapers/Robinson.pdf https://www.math.hmc.edu/~su/papers.dir/banachtarski.pdf http://people.math.umass.edu/~weston/oldpapers/banach.pdf Banach-Tarski explinations online: http://www.irregularwebcomic.net/2339.html http://www.kuro5hin.org/comments/2003/5/23/134430/275?pid=5#10 http://skepticsplay.blogspot.co.uk/2010/05/doubling-sphere.html http://austinrochford.com/posts/2014-05-14-banach-tarski-paradox.html http://www.math.cornell.edu/~mec/Summer2009/Whieldon/Math_Explorers_Club%3A__Lesson_Links/Entries/2009/7/28_Lesson_6%3A__Whats_an_Anagram_of_Banach-Tarski.html http://rachellevanger.com/index_files/BT%20Animated%20Presentation%20Web.pdf http://quibb.blogspot.co.uk/2013_03_01_archive.html http://blog.computationalcomplexity.org/2011/04/what-did-banachs-wife-think-of-banach.html https://geopolicraticus.wordpress.com/tag/banach-tarski-paradox/ http://dgleahy.com/p47.html https://www.math.hmc.edu/funfacts/ffiles/30001.1-3-8.shtml Cayley graph animated gif: https://twitter.com/GIFsofWikipedia/status/624202342259240960 Hilbert’s hotel on wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hilbert%27s_paradox_of_the_Grand_Hotel types of infinity: http://www.xamuel.com/levels-of-infinity/ set theory and quantum physics: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02213427#page-1 LHC gif: http://cms.web.cern.ch/news/lhc-data-be-made-public-open-access-initiative Zermelo-Fraenkel axioms of mathematics: http://mathworld.wolfram.com/Zermelo-FraenkelAxioms.html Is math invented or discovered? http://phys.org/news/2013-09-mathematics-effective-world.html http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/is-the-universe-made-of-math-excerpt/ more deep dream images: https://www.reddit.com/r/deepdream/ BOOKS: The Pea and the Sun: http://www.amazon.com/The-Pea-Sun-Mathematical-Paradox/dp/1568813279 The Outer Limits...

Did The Past Really Happen?

Greece is full of wonderful new things and wonderful old things. But when WE become old things, will our ruins also be tourist attractions? **Sources and extra info below!!** me on twitter: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce on instagram: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants Humorous/interesting videos about how future archeologists might interpret us: VIDEO: “Beatles 3000”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Z2vU8M6CYI VIDEO: “Neil deGrasse Tyson On Manhattanhenge”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iafX0awnxS8 Toto: http://allanellenberger.com/toto-finds-a-home-at-hollywood-forever/ “highway” vs “freeway”: http://sgtalcastro.blogspot.co.uk/2012/12/the-difference-between-highway-freeway.html why are old things so often underground?: http://goo.gl/u8SFFw http://www.archaeological.org/education/askexpertsfaq#faq3 “Motel of Mysteries” (great book I remember from when I was a kid): http://www.amazon.co.uk/Motel-Mysteries-David-Macaulay/dp/0395284252/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1423256636&sr=8-1&keywords=motel+of+mysteries Last Thursdayism: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Omphalos_hypothesis http://www.last-thursday.org/ Occam’s Razor: http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/physics/General/occam.html Newton’s Flaming Laser Sword: https://philosophynow.org/issues/46/Newtons_Flaming_Laser_Sword other razors: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Razor_(philosophy) Interpreting the past (including us, when we become “the past”): http://www.heritagedaily.com/2014/01/the-archaeology-of-the-future-part-2/56891 http://www.usu.edu/markdamen/1320hist&civ/chapters/01HIST.htm http://bigthink.com/videos/how-will-future-historians-see-us-2 http://www.albany.edu/~scifraud/data/sci_fraud_3486.html This American Life on people in the future: http://www.thisamericanlife.org/radio-archives/episode/167/memo-to-the-people-of-the-future The...

We Believe The Earth Is Flat: CONSPIRACIES UNCOVERED

SUBSCRIBE to Barcroft TV: http://bit.ly/Oc61Hj THERE is an ever-growing community of people who reject scientific wisdom and insist that the world is FLAT. Nathan Thompson, 31, a network marketer based in Orange County, California, set up the Official Flat Earth and Globe Discussion group on Facebook in June 2016. The group now now boasts more than 42,000 members and even Nathan has been taken aback by its rapid growth. These ‘Flat Earthers’ believe that our planet is encircled by a giant, heavily-policed ice wall and that gravity is just an unproven theory. They also claim that NASA is a fraudulent organisation...

The Flat Earth movement: People who ignore science

Flat-Earthers will tell you that not only is the Earth shaped like a Frisbee, but also that Man has never gone to the Moon, that footage of floating astronauts is faked, and the sun is tiny, hovering above our disk-shaped planet. It's a sign of a lack of faith in science, by people who only choose to believe what they can see for themselves. Correspondent Brook Silva-Braga talks with YouTube host Patricia Steere (who thinks NASA is part of a conspiracy); Thomas Nichols, author of "The Death of Expertise" (who talks about a reverse-snobbery expressed against the well-educated); and Flat...

How the World Map Looks Wildly Different Than You Think

All of us have seen a world map at some point in our lives before, but it is very difficult to imagine how certain countries and parts of the world compare to each other in size that are far apart. In this video, I explore why the world looks very different than how it is portrayed in the Mercator Projection map. I then go on to explore how certain countries are unexpectedly larger or smaller than what they appear to be, and how some places looks wildly different than our perceptions. PS; Don't totally hate on the Mercator Projection, it's actually...

Man; ‘I Have Seen The Ice Wall!’ Anonymous Witness - Flat Earth

Update / Note* ‘David’ (the anonymous source) and I are still speaking and making progress and some resources have been volunteered by viewers, more to follow on this one so stay tuned. -FWFE David says he was hired to work in Antarctica and saw the ice wall. He says he wants help from the FE community on determining the validity of a sample he kept, and possibly some other assistance as well to prove parts of his story. He’s asked me to make a video about it to get some attention. I’ve asked him to write me back but he has...

DISTORTIONS

YouTube FanFest with HP in Mumbai: http://www.youtubefanfest.com/india/ Follow Michael Stevens: https://twitter.com/tweetsauce SOURCES BELOW Guy (editor/production): https://twitter.com/guylar music from: http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow and http://www.audionetwork.com Celestia 3D space software: http://sourceforge.net/projects/celestia/ Another great visualization of star locations in 3D space: http://moebio.com/exomap/viewsofthesky/2/ minutephysics video about why it's dark at night: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gxJ4M7tyLRE my video on moving illusions: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Iw8idyw_N6Q rolling shutter effect: http://www.diyphotography.net/everything-you-wanted-to-know-about-rolling-shutter Rolling shutter media: guitar strings: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TKF6nFzpHBU http://boingboing.net/2010/08/20/explain-this-photo.html http://imgur.com/YQrBF http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/15/Rolling_shutter_effect_animation.gif http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rolling_shutter http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fg9Ph53ka2I Big Dipper 3D: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b9/Astro_4D_uma_rg_anim.gif Voyager: http://voyager.jpl.nasa.gov/where/ angular diameter of celestial objects: http://danbliss.blogspot.co.uk/2011/07/deep-space-to-scale.html http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap061228.html http://mikkolaine.blogspot.co.uk/2014/01/size-of-deep-sky-objects-compared-to.html http://www.slate.com/blogs/bad_astronomy/2014/01/01/moon_and_andromeda_relative_size_in_the_sky.html rolling shutter effect and galaxies: http://www.madsci.org/posts/archives/2007-05/1179062966.As.r.html http://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/45255/how-distorted-does-the-andromeda-galaxy-appear-to-us-due-to-the-speed-of-light good passage about light-nanoseconds: http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=rKFhqlzjv-IC&pg=PA22&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false galactic year: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galactic_year wiki pages on light dimming causes: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inverse-square_law http://bit.ly/1g2Suuh http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_shift

m͏̺͓̲̥̪í͇͔̠ś̷͎̹̲̻̻̘̝t̞̖͍͚̤k̥̞à̸͕̮͍͉̹̰͚̰ẹ̶̢̪s͏̨͈̙̹̜͚̲ ̛̬͓͟

LINKS AND SOURCES BELOW First and last songs by Zach McCoy CHECK HIM OUT: https://zachmccoy.bandcamp.com/ Zach McCoy on YouTube: http://youtu.be/L5QONwu_grc http://youtu.be/BAHYLTbMNuw other music by http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow FOLLOW Michael Stevens: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce Ze Frank video on trees and carvings: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tkKOijiatLo Silent-K: https://web.archive.org/web/20130709182638/http://www.randomhouse.com/wotd/index.pperl?date=19980514 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silent_k http://www.antimoon.com/forum/2004/5133.htm Warren G's "What's Next": 2:44: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8YrW5vChJec "What's Next" lyrics: http://rapgenius.com/Warren-g-whats-next-lyrics Science and mistakes and correctness: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pessimistic_induction Buffalo Springfield's "For What It's Worth": http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DIoKr9VDg3A "Hey Jude": http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t5c-LVYnafg BEATLES ANOMALIES site: http://wgo.signal11.org.uk/wgo.htm prayer book and calculus: https://www.sciencenews.org/article/prayer-archimedes San Diego fire: http://legacy.utsandiego.com/news/fires/20040118-9999_1n18hunter.html http://interwork.sdsu.edu/fire/photo_gallery/BackCountryPhotos.htm http://www.businessinsider.com/worst-mistakes-in-history-2011-4#a-hunter-starts-the-biggest-fire-in-california-history-7 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cedar_Fire Mars Climate Orbiter: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mars_Climate_Orbiter moon landing footage: http://www.honeysucklecreek.net/Apollo_11/tapes/Apollo_11_TV_Tapes_Report.pdf Henry Tandy: http://rememberwhen.gazettelive.co.uk/2010/08/how-a-green-howard-nearly-shot.html http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/british-soldier-allegedly-spares-the-life-of-an-injured-adolf-hitler The science of leaves: http://www.fs.fed.us/fallcolors/2013/science.shtml http://news.nationalgeographic.co.uk/news/2004/10/1005_041008_fallfoliage_2.html http://mnl.maizegdb.org/mnl/78/19habben.html accidents: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_accidents_and_disasters_by_death_toll

FLAT EARTH - ONE BY ONE, LIES ARE REVEALED - MUST WATCH!

Many people let the 24/7 news cycle guide their thinking. They hate certain politicians and love others. They get upset about the latest outrage. They might have patriotic feelings, or they might think their country is the bad guy, depending on the latest thought trends.

4 Mysterious Jungle Discoveries That Cannot Be Explained

4 mysterious jungle discoveries that cannot be explained. We take a look at these 4 mysterious Jungle discoveries that cannot be explained. It appears that the dense jungles of the world, hide strange and wondrous mysteries that are not only difficult to explain but seem to defy preconceived notions about science, history and the world itself. So, today, we will be going over 4 more mysterious jungle discoveries that cannot be explained in an effort to help bring these peculiar discoveries to light and to better understand the impossible world around us. Thank you for watching! Thank you to CO.AG...

5 Flat Earth Arguments DEBUNKED

In this video we take a look at and debunk a flat earth video by the channel Flat Earth Talk. Enjoy! Original Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YJ4qZoUJ3C0&t=239s Water balls in space: https://www.theverge.com/2017/6/9/15771196/nasa-astronaut-coffee-balls-international-space-station-liquid-surface-tension-microgravity Relativity: https://www.space.com/17661-theory-general-relativity.html Why is isn't faster to fly West: https://www.sciencealert.com/watch-if-earth-is-spinning-to-the-east-why-isn-t-it-faster-to-fly-west

How Earth Moves

It’s here! Science stuff, mind-blowing stuff, Vsauce stuff, oh my!! THE CURIOSITY BOX: https://www.thecuriositybox.com/ Jake’s video about The Curiosity Box: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p91-GhjgeEU Minute Physics on why December days are the longest: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nZMMuv0Ltyo StandUpMaths on calendars and leap days: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qkt_wmRKYNQ Tom Scott on the Equation of Time: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d9Qnobvx_kM My video on what would happen if the Earth stopped spinning: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K0-GxoJ_Pcg GREAT visuals showing how Earth moves around the sun: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=82p-DYgGFjI http://www.timeanddate.com/ George Washington’s birthday: https://www.archives.gov/legislative/features/washington/ real-time sub solar point location: http://rl.se/sub-solar-point Lahaina noon images from the Oahu Astrophotography club: https://www.facebook.com/OahuAstrophotoClub analemma: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Analemma great solargraph and analemma images: http://analemma.pl/english-version interactive seasons and ecliptic simulator: http://astro.unl.edu/classaction/animations/coordsmotion/eclipticsimulator.html Nasa video of seasonal movement of Earth: https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/20063 Tropical year: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tropical_year Earth rotation specifics:...

Which Way Is Down?

BRAIN CANDY LIVE http://www.braincandylive.com/tickets THE VSAUCE CURIOSITY BOX: https://www.curiositybox.com/ Links to sources and to learn more below! my twitter https://twitter.com/tweetsauce my instagram https://www.instagram.com/electricpants Thanks to Eric Langlay (https://www.youtube.com/user/ericdraven30) for producing, editing, and animating this episode with me. Thanks also to Henry Reich (https://www.youtube.com/user/minutephysics) for his advice and guidance. Universe Sandbox² : http://universesandbox.com/ Mass vs weight: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mass_versus_weight Great Veritasium video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Z0X0yE8Ioc two other great videos: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6ccIjRwYO9U and https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aCqQzrPCcFM baseballs coming together under gravitational attraction can be simulated in Universe Sandbox 2. More math behind it can be found here: https://www.reddit.com/r/explainlikeimfive/comments/2vyxl7/eli5_will_two_baseballs_a_foot_apart_in_deep/ Weight to mass (on surface of Earth) convertor: https://www.convertunits.com/from/kilograms/to/newton pencil and Earth falling numbers: https://www.quora.com/When-we-drop-a-pencil-the-earth-attracts-it-and-it-seems-that-the-pencil-is-falling-towards-earth-Why-doesnt-the-earth-come-up-towards-the-pencil NASA HD footage: https://archive.org/details/NASA-Ultra-High-Definition Buoyancy: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buoyancy Earth’s spin and its effect on...

Why do people still think the Earth is flat? - BBC News

The Flat Earth International Conference in Raleigh, North Carolina, attracted hundreds of attendees who believe the shape of the Earth is a disc instead of a sphere. Please subscribe HERE http://bit.ly/1rbfUog World In Pictures https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLS3XGZxi7cBX37n4R0UGJN-TLiQOm7ZTP Big Hitters https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLS3XGZxi7cBUME-LUrFkDwFmiEc3jwMXP Just Good News https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLS3XGZxi7cBUsYo_P26cjihXLN-k3w246

Flat Earth Falsities - Plane Nonsense

Flat earthers have lots of questions about how airplanes can work on a spinning spherical earth, that they seem to think cannot be answered. Well of course these questions are based on misconceptions, and are easy to answer, when you understand some simple scientific principles, and the physical forces involved. Here are the common flat earth airplane questions addressed in this video. 1. Why does it take the same time to fly east as it does west if the earth is spinning at 1000 mph? 2. How can a plane land going north or south, if the earth is spinning sideways at...

The Zipf Mystery

The of and to. A in is I. That it, for you, was with on. As have ... but be they. RELATED LINKS AND SOURCES BELOW! http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce http://www.instagram.com/electricpants WordCount.org http://www.wordcount.org/ How many days have you been alive? http://www.beatcanvas.com/daysalive.asp random letter generator: http://www.dave-reed.com/Nifty/randSeq.html Dictionary of Obscure Sorrows: https://www.youtube.com/user/obscuresorrows Word frequency resources: [lemmatized] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Most_common_words_in_English http://www.uow.edu.au/~dlee/corpora.htm http://www.wordfrequency.info http://www.anc.org/data/anc-second-release/frequency-data/ http://www.titania.bham.ac.uk/docs/ http://www.kilgarriff.co.uk/bnc-readme.html#raw https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Wiktionary:Frequency_lists http://ucrel.lancs.ac.uk/bncfreq/ [PDF] http://www.wordfrequency.info/files/entries.pdf [combined Wikipedia and Gutenberg] http://www.monlp.com/2012/04/16/calculating-word-and-n-gram-statistics-from-a-wikipedia-corpora/ http://corpus.byu.edu/coca/files/100k_samples.txt http://corpus.byu.edu/ http://corpus.leeds.ac.uk/list.html https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=ja1_AAAAQBAJ&dq=word+frequency+coca&lr= http://www.ling.helsinki.fi/kit/2009s/clt231/NLTK/book/ch01-LanguageProcessingAndPython.html Great Zipf's law papers: http://colala.bcs.rochester.edu/papers/piantadosi2014zipfs.pdf http://www.ling.upenn.edu/~ycharles/sign708.pdf http://arxiv.org/pdf/cond-mat/0412004.pdf http://www-personal.umich.edu/~mejn/courses/2006/cmplxsys899/powerlaws.pdf Zipf’s law articles and discussions: http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2002/04/seeing-around-corners/302471/ http://io9.com/the-mysterious-law-that-governs-the-size-of-your-city-1479244159?utm_expid=66866090-48.Ej9760cOTJCPS_Bq4mjoww.0 https://plus.maths.org/content/os/latestnews/may-aug08/food/index http://judson.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/05/19/math-and-the-city/?em https://plus.maths.org/content/mystery-zipf?src=aop http://www.datasciencecentral.com/profiles/blogs/why-zipf-s-law-explains-so-many-big-data-and-physics-phenomenons https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zipf%27s_law https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=f8GrzlnMSm8C&pg=PA62&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false http://arxiv.org/pdf/0802.4393v1.pdf http://www.pnas.org/content/108/9/3526.full http://lewisdartnell.com/language_page.htm http://wugology.com/zipfs-law/ other Zipf’s law PDFs http://ftp.iza.org/dp3928.pdf http://arxiv.org/pdf/1402.2965.pdf http://arxiv.org/pdf/1104.3199.pdf http://www.lel.ed.ac.uk/~jim/zipfjrh.pdf http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2834740/#pone.0009411-Mandelbrot1 http://polymer.bu.edu/hes/articles/pgs02a.pdf in untranslated language: http://arxiv.org/pdf/0808.2904.pdf http://pages.stern.nyu.edu/~xgabaix/papers/zipf.pdf http://www.hpl.hp.com/research/idl/papers/ranking/ranking.html http://statweb.stanford.edu/~owen/courses/306a/ZipfAndGutenberg.pdf http://arxiv.org/pdf/1310.0448v3.pdf http://www.kornai.com/Papers/glotto5.pdf Zipf’s law slides: http://www.slideshare.net/guest9fc47a/nlp-new-words Pareto Principle and related ‘laws’: http://www.squawkpoint.com/2013/03/pareto-principle/ http://billyshall.com/blog/post/paretos-principle https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pareto_principle Random typing and Zipf: http://www.longtail.com/the_long_tail/2006/09/is_zipfs_law_ju.html health 80/20: http://archive.ahrq.gov/research/findings/factsheets/costs/expriach/expriach1.html Principle of least effort: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Principle_of_least_effort https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satisficing http://www.pnas.org/content/100/3/788.full.pdf [PDF] http://csiss.org/classics/content/99 self organized criticality: http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fnsys.2014.00166/full Hapax Legomenon: http://campus.albion.edu/english/2011/02/15/hapax-legomenon/ http://www.dailywritingtips.com/is-that-a-hapax-legomenon/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hapax_legomenon [PDF] http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/J10-4003 http://www.wired.com/2012/01/hapax-legomena-and-zipfs-law/ http://oed.hertford.ox.ac.uk/main/content/view/402/450/index.html#_ftn1 http://oed.hertford.ox.ac.uk/main/content/view/36/166/index.html Learning curve: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Learning_curve Forgetting curve: http://www.trainingindustry.com/wiki/entries/forgetting-curve.aspx https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forgetting_curve Experience curve effects: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Experience_curve_effects Forgetting and zipf's law: http://act-r.psy.cmu.edu/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/37JRA_LS_PS_1991.pdf http://public.psych.iastate.edu/shacarp/Wixted_Carpenter_2007.pdf http://marshalljonesjr.com/youll-remember-less-than-001-of-your-life/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forgetting https://www.reddit.com/r/Showerthoughts/comments/3gu9qk/it_only_takes_three_generations_for_you_to_be/ music from: http://www.youtube.com/jakechudnow http://www.audionetwork.com

What Is Video ??

After VidCon I had fun researching video and moving images. I hope you have fun too! In this episode: Household Hacker: http://www.youtube.com/user/householdhacker Wheezy Waiter: http://www.youtube.com/user/wheezywaiter

Convex Earth - The Documentary

The Terra Convexa Documentary may be republished in another channel as long as the monetization is deactivated and the source is informed as follows: "Terra convexa is an independent research of Dákila Researches www.dakila.com.br and Centro Tecnológico Zigurats ctzbrasil.com.br originally published in www.terraconvexa.com.br and convexearth.org" After seven years of research on earth format, scientific experiments carried out by Brazilian researchers at Dakila Research and the Zigurats Technological Center in partnership with professionals from various areas of Brazil and other countries, such as the United States, Russia, Chile, the Netherlands, Spain , have shown that the Earth is not spherical. The evidence is being...

Why Don't Any Animals Have Wheels?

LINKS TO LEARN: http://www.twitter.com/Tweetsauce http://www.Facebook.com/VsauceGaming VSAUCE SHIRTS: http://www.districtlines.com/vsauce music by http://www.Soundcloud.com/JAKECHUDNOW intro animation by http://www.youtube.com/rickonami "Big Dog" Crazy LEG Robot: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W1czBcnX1Ww Wheeled-Animal STRAIGHT DOPE: http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/1151/why-has-no-animal-species-ever-evolved-wheels Wheeled-Animal WIKI: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rotating_locomotion_in_living_systems WHEEL SPIDER: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V4odlo0Afjs Bacterial Flagellum: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flagellum#Bacterial Wheel and Axel Animation: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TfZvamONFFs LITTER: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Litter_(vehicle) Earliest evidence we have of humans using wheels: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bronocice_pot Dawkins Wheeled-Animal Article: http://dlss.channelwood.org/private/ebooks/atheisme/Why%20dont%20animals%20have%20wheels%20-%20Dawkins%20.pdf "why don't animals have wheels?" animals wheels locomotion slither fly walk swim dawkins wtf wierd biology roll

FINALY, THE PICTURE OF FLAT EARTH REVEALED! REALLY? YESS clickbait

So, in essence we are living within a closed system that is itself surounded by a ball of water. We live IN a ball not ON one (explained further in the “pillars” link above). The outside envelope of this ball of water is made of a type of heavenly crystal. (References below)We live on a level motionless earth with a domed firmament set on foundations and supported by pillars . The dome is sealed at the bottom by the 360 degree Antarctic ice wall where it attaches to the foundations, acting as a type of gasket. The entire thing is...

How To Count Past Infinity

my twitter: @tweetsauce my instagram: electricpants Sources and links to learn more below! I’m very grateful to mathematician Hugh Woodin, Professor of Philosophy and Mathematics at Harvard, for taking the time on multiple occasions to discuss this topic with me and help me wrap my (finite) head around it. I’m also grateful to David Eisenbud, the Director of the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI) and professor of mathematics at the University of California, Berkeley, for his help and for connecting me with Hugh Woodin. And of course, big thanks to Brady Haran who created the “mile of pi” seen in this video and connected me...

Joe Rogan - Neil deGrasse Tyson on Eric Dubay & Flat Earth

Taken from Joe Rogan Experience #1159: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vGc4mg5pul4