The Leaning Tower of Lire
The Leaning Tower of Lire
The Leaning Tower of Lire
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The Leaning Tower of Lire - DONG

DONG
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Subscribe for Wacky Gifts, Amazing Apps, and The Best of the Internet. D.O.N.G. launched in October 2015 and is powered by Vsauce. ************************************************************­*** D.O.N.G. is... Michael Stevens: Producer/Host of Vsauce1/D.O.N.G. Kevin Lieber: Producer/Host of Vsauce2/D.O.N.G. Jake Roper: Producer/Host of Vsauce3/D.O.N.G. Eric Langlay: VFX for Vsauce1/2/3/D.O.N.G. Hannah Canetti: Writer/Editor for D.O.N.G. Jack Merline: Writer/Editor for D.O.N.G. Alisha Garza: Vsauce Coordinator You: Thanks for watching!

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Every Strictly-Convex Deltahedron

Get my favorite science and math toys delivered right to your door four times a year! http://www.curiositybox.com The tiles I'm using are called Magna-Tiles: http://geni.us/MagnaTilesbyValtech Twitter: http://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys Instagram: http://instagr.am/doonlinenowguys deltahedra: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deltahedron video about snubification and expansion: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BMfxSkCLtyM expansion and snub animation from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snub_(geometry) Send me something! Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***CREDITS*** Your host today has been Michael Stevens Edited by Jack Merline and Michael Stevens VFX outros by Eric Langlay http://youtube.com/ericlanglay Music by Jake Chudnow http://youtube.com/jakechudnow and from http://www.audionetwork.com ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

The Brachistochrone

BRAIN CANDY LIVE TICKETS: http://www.braincandylive.com/tickets Links to sources and to learn more below! MY TWITTER: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce MY INSTAGRAM: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants THE CURIOSITY BOX: https://www.curiositybox.com/ Stan Wagon “Roads and Wheels” [PDF]: http://web.mst.edu/~lmhall/Personal/RoadsWheels/RoadsWheels.pdf 3Blue1Brown video, “The Brachistochrone, with Steven Strogatz”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cld0p3a43fU Pile of people visualization originally from this Vsauce1 video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C6eOcd06kdk Online spirograph: http://nathanfriend.io/inspirograph/ The Brachistochrone http://whistleralley.com/brachistochrone/brachistochrone.htm Rolling: http://www.animations.physics.unsw.edu.au//jw/rolling.htm http://teacher.pas.rochester.edu/phy121/LectureNotes/Chapter12/Chapter12.html Refraction of light: http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/refrn/Lesson-1/Refraction-and-Sight http://www.funscience.in/study-zone/Physics/RefractionOfLight/AtmosphericRefraction.php http://www.walter-fendt.de/html5/phen/refractionhuygens_en.htm http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/java/particleorwave/refraction/ http://astro.unl.edu/classaction/animations/telescopes/snellslaw.html http://demonstrations.wolfram.com/FermatsPrincipleAndSnellsLaw/ Feynman on The Principle of Least Time: http://www.feynmanlectures.caltech.edu/I_26.html cycloid as answer to brachistochrone: https://sinews.siam.org/About-the-Author/quick-find-a-solution-to-the-brachistochrone-problem-1 Music from: https://www.youtube.com/jakechudnow and http://www.audionetwork.com Roulette animations by Eric Langlay https://www.youtube.com/c/ericlanglay good relevant Wikipedia articles: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brachistochrone_curve https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tautochrone_curve https://goo.gl/SlRDhK https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cycloid https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snell's_law Wolfram demonstration projects used: "Cycloid Curves" from the Wolfram Demonstrations Project  http://demonstrations.wolfram.com/CycloidCurves/ Contributed by: Sean Madsen Additional contributions by: David von Seggern (U. Nevada, Reno) "Shaping a Road and Finding the Corresponding Wheel" from the Wolfram...

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Watch Jake’s amazing video on Vsauce3: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pZkCZ4LCO0o&t=752s Get our favorite science gear delivered to your door: http://www.curiositybox.com Twitter: http://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys Instagram: http://instagr.am/doonlinenowguys Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***Click "SHOW MORE" For Links*** LEARN MORSE CODE: https://morse.withgoogle.com/learn/ https://lcwo.net http://www.learnmorsecode.com Morse Code Palindromes http://www.datagenetics.com/blog/march42012/palindrome.html Morse Code Pop Song: Better Days (10:02) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7CqOYM7cCX8 https://www.theverge.com/2015/1/7/7483235/the-code-colombian-army-morsecode-hostages Alexis Casdagli’s Story (10:29) https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2011/sep/03/tony-casdagli-father-stitching-nazis Vietnam POW Story (11:07) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rufnWLVQcKg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeremiah_Denton Curiosity Wheels https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/msl/multimedia/pia16112.html Wiki Links https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morse_code https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morse_code_mnemonics https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Morse https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marquis_de_Lafayette_(Morse) ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti and Michael Stevens Curiosity Box VFX by Eric...

A Game You Can Never Win

Not a real offer. *** LINKS *** Get Vsauce's favorite science and math toys delivered to your door! https://www.curiositybox.com/ 2018 Currency Budget https://www.federalreserve.gov/foia/files/2018currency.pdf The Fed - How Much Does It Cost To Produce Currency And Coin? https://www.federalreserve.gov/faqs/currency_12771.htm New $100 Bill Costs 60% More To Produce (Article from 2013) https://www.marketwatch.com/story/new-100-bill-costs-60-more-to-produce-2013-10-08 Prop Movie Money https://propmoviemoney.com/product/new-style-100-full-print-prop-money-stack/ Hasbro Monopoly Money https://www.amazon.com/dp/B00000IWCW/ Tullock Auctions https://blogs.cornell.edu/info2040/2012/09/25/losing-to-win-tullock-auctions/ Knee-Deep In The Big Muddy: A Study Of Escalating Commitment to a Chosen Course of Action http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.470.3668&rep=rep1&type=pdf The Dollar Auction Game: A Paradox in Noncooperative Behavior and Escalation by Martin Shubik http://www.math.toronto.edu/mpugh/Teaching/Sci199_03/dollar_auction_1.pdf Backward Induction https://vknight.org/Year_3_game_theory_course/Content/Chapter_07-Extensive_form_games_and_backwards_induction/ *********************************** Vsauce2 Links Twitter: https://twitter.com/VsauceTwo Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/VsauceTwo Hosted, Produced, And Edited by Kevin Lieber Instagram: http://instagram.com/kevlieber Twitter: https://twitter.com/kevleeb Website: http://kevinlieber.com Research And Writing by Matthew Tabor https://twitter.com/matthewktabor VFX By Eric Langlay https://www.youtube.com/c/ericlanglay Huge Thanks Paula Lieber https://www.etsy.com/shop/Craftality Select Music By...

Inside a Flat Earth Conference

Try Dashlane here: http://dashlane.com/normal Get 10% off now with my promo code: Normal The one thing that I thought we all could agree on, was that the earth was round. Yet despite overwhelming evidence to the contrary, there is a burgeoning movement of Flat Earth believers, and I got to attend one of their conferences. This video is sponsored by Dashlane. Support me on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/dylandubeau Twitter: https://twitter.com/dylandubeau Instagram: http://instagram.com/dylandubeau Website: http://www.dylandubeau.com/ What do you think? Let me know in the comments! ----------------------------------------­----------------------------- Shot by Michael Coen Sound by Sam ----------------------------------------­----------------------------- Sponsors: Sita Bit's O Weirdness Sara Jeremy Katie Glover Erin Fiser Anneli Emily Zinsitz Robert Ottem Eyebeesea Lubosh ----------------------------------------­----------------------------- Watch more: We had Real Unicorns in the 1980s https://youtu.be/0AETlsYfXPs A Strange History of Movie Gimmicks https://youtu.be/BGy1Xb8KItQ The Underground Star...

Math Magic

Links to sources, more math magic, and other cool things below! My Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce My Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants Thanks to Vanessa from BrainCraft! Check out her channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/braincraftvideo Matt Parker's standupmaths channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/standupmaths Matt's video I mention: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aNpGxZ_1KXU STEMMathsMagic channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/STEMMathsMagic The STEMMathsMagic video I reference: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r-LO8zQ9eTs STEMMathsMagic website (check out the manual!): http://www.mathematicalmagic.com/thetricks.html mismag is amazing. He introduced me to MANY self-working mathematical tricks. Please check him out! https://www.youtube.com/user/mismag822 MUSIC in this episode is from: Jake Chudnow: https://www.youtube.com/user/jakechudnow zach mccoy: https://zachmccoy.bandcamp.com/ audionetwork: http://www.audionetwork.com Shakespeare and Psalm 46: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psalm_46 http://www.umsl.edu/~thomaskp/sbible.htm https://www.apologeticspress.org/apcontent.aspx?category=13&article=925 Paper about which cards people think of most frequently (and more): http://www2.psych.ubc.ca/~rensink/publications/download/Cards-OAR.pdf 52 factorial explained by Scott Czepiel: http://czep.net/weblog/52cards.html Some good math magic articles: http://www.maa.org/community/maa-columns/past-columns-card-colm/low-down-triple-dealing http://www.futilitycloset.com/2015/06/25/color-scheme/ http://www.maa.org/external_archive/columns/colm/cardcolm200504.html http://www.ams.org/samplings/feature-column/fcarc-mulcahy5 http://mathforum.org/library/drmath/view/60379.html

The Martingale Problem

Check out and purchase Vector by Anki: https://go.anki.com/2Q55UOS Thanks to Anki for sponsoring this video and supporting Vsauce2. *** LINKS *** The Difficulty Of Faking Data by Theodore P. Hill http://www.kkuniyuk.com/Math119FakingData.pdf Wizard Of Odds Streaks https://wizardofodds.com/image/ask-the-wizard/streaks.pdf *********************************** Get Vsauce's favorite science and math toys delivered to your door! https://www.curiositybox.com/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/VsauceTwo Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/VsauceTwo Hosted, Produced, And Edited by Kevin Lieber Instagram: http://instagram.com/kevlieber Twitter: https://twitter.com/kevleeb Website: http://kevinlieber.com Research And Writing by Matthew Tabor https://twitter.com/matthewktabor VFX By Eric Langlay https://www.youtube.com/c/ericlanglay Huge Thanks Paula Lieber https://www.etsy.com/shop/Craftality Select Music By Jake Chudnow: http://www.youtube.com/user/JakeChudnow MY PODCAST -- THE CREATE UNKNOWN https://www.youtube.com/thecreateunknown

Ambigram Art

Books shown in this video: "Wordplay" by John Langdon: http://geni.us/Ambigrams "Inversions" by Scott Kim: http://geni.us/CalligraphicCartwheels Topsys & Turvys: http://geni.us/TopysysTurvys http://geni.us/TopysysTurvys2 Gustave Verbeek: http://geni.us/UpsideDownWorld Get my favorite math and science toys delivered regularly to your home! http://www.curiositybox.com John Langdon's site: http://www.johnlangdon.net Scott Kim's site: http://www.scottkim.com Ambigram wiki page: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ambigram Online ambigram generator: https://flipscript.com/en/flip More ambigrams: https://design.tutsplus.com/articles/a-clever-collection-of-40-inspiring-ambigrams--vector-3170 http://www.tripwiremagazine.com/ambigram-generator/ https://www.begindot.com/best-ambigram-generator/ Twitter: http://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys Instagram: http://instagr.am/doonlinenowguys Send me something! Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***CREDITS*** Host Michael Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti and Michael Stevens VFX outros by Eric Langlay http://youtube.com/ericlanglay Music by Jake Chudnow http://youtube.com/jakechudnow and from http://www.audionetwork.com ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

MOST MEMORABLE MOMENTS On Gordon Ramsay's Hotel Hell

Hotel Hell has had some memorable moments with some rather strange owners. Gordon Ramsay’s Ultimate Cookery Course – http://amzn.to/2BzAud5 Subscribe for weekly cooking videos. If you liked this clip check out the rest of Gordon's channels: http://www.youtube.com/gordonramsay http://www.youtube.com/kitchennightmares http://www.youtube.com/thefword

Underappreciated Historical Weapons: The SWORDBREAKER (the European and Chinese)

What is a sword breaker and why is it called that and where does it come from? Shadiversity on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/shadiversity Awesome shadiversity T-shirts: https://teespring.com/stores/shadiversity Come join the discord server and have a chat: https://discord.gg/a3NJVh7

What Does Human Taste Like?

Follow Michael Stevens for more: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce EXTRA INFO & LINKS BELOW! Guest Star: Elsie the cat. Music by http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow and from http://www.audionetwork.com https://www.facebook.com/VsauceGaming FLAVOR NETWORK ARTICLE (the cool food network graphs): http://www.nature.com/srep/2011/111215/srep00196/full/srep00196.html Hygiene hypothesis: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hygiene_hypothesis Eating snot: http://www.psmag.com/navigation/health-and-behavior/this-man-wants-you-to-pick-your-nose-and-eat-it-57024/http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eating_mucus http://www.popsci.com/science/article/2013-04/could-eating-boogers-be-good-you human meat CHART: http://i.imgur.com/1DjGj.jpg Calories in an entire human body's worth of meat: http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20100511172804AAhPbOA Rick Gibson: http://www.rickgibson.net/perform.html Marco Evaristti: http://uk.reuters.com/article/2007/05/18/oukoe-uk-chile-artist-idUKN1724159420070518 http://www.vvork.com/?tag=can Other work by Evaristti: http://artelectronicmedia.com/artwork/helena-by-marco-evaristti Japanese genitals: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/05/24/asexual-mao-sugiyama-cooks-serves-own-genitals_n_1543307.html#slide=1019016 the tweet: https://twitter.com/ho_ch/status/188931954777919489 Cannibalism on Dutch TV show: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ez65LuvPODU http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/2011/12/20/dutch-tv-hosts-eat-each-others-flesh_n_1159829.html Cannibalism wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cannibalism Taste buds: http://biology.clc.uc.edu/fankhauser/Labs/Anatomy_&_Physiology/A&P202/Special_Senses/Smell_Taste/Smell_and_Taste.html William Buehler Seabrook: http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/explainer/2012/06/cannibalism_in_the_news_what_does_human_flesh_taste_like_.html http://www.realclearscience.com/blog/2013/08/what-does-human-flesh-taste-like.html site based on food networks and flavor 'principles': https://www.foodpairing.com Orange juice and toothpaste: http://science.howstuffworks.com/life/human-biology/orange-juice-toothpaste.htm Cats and sweetness: http://www.null-hypothesis.co.uk/article/1279 Another way you eat yourself: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autophagy_(cellular) SEA SQUIRT LINKS: http://goodheartextremescience.wordpress.com/2010/01/27/meet-the-creature-that-eats-its-own-brain/ http://www.coralscience.org/main/articles/reef-species-4/tunicates Amount of mucus swallowed in a day: http://sciencefocus.com/qa/swallowing-your-own-phlegm-harmful Ouroboros: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ouroboros also: http://www.quickmeme.com/img/64/64206d6975e3e6918654fce12486f2da3c52972cf78cfded975b708a5de14686.jpg

A Proof That The Square Root of Two Is Irrational

Like my shirt? Well, you already own it if you're a Curiosity Box subscriber. If you're not, don't miss out again! Get exclusive math and science stuff from me delivered right to your door four times a year: http://www.curiositybox.com Twitter: http://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys Instagram: http://instagr.am/doonlinenowguys Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Micorn Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti Curiosity Box VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by Jake Chudnow and from AudioNetwork (http://youtube.com/jakechudnow) (https://www.audionetwork.com) ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33,34,35...

Watch my FIELD DAY video, “Home Sweet Whittier”: http://bit.ly/1QKKcuo And subscribe to FIELD DAY!! http://www.youtube.com/fieldday Jake and Kevin will be doing field days soon!! LINKS, SOURCES, and MORE are below: This video was shot in beautiful Bucharest, Romania :) my twitter: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce my instagram: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants music by http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow and http://www.audionetwork.com “How Old Can We Get?” Vsauce1 video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6LyCC6jjcx8 The Universal History of Numbers: http://www.amazon.com/The-Universal-History-Numbers-Prehistory/dp/0471375683 Highest number counted to with one breath: https://recordsetter.com/world-record/highest-number-counted-breath/17691 Highest number counted to: https://recordsetter.com/world-record/highest-number-counted-to/13623 Video of Harper reaching one million: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_aqCC2PVNcA Jon Counts to 100,000 (part 1): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KMDjQHzRj6U Jon Eats Carrots: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCVgEzGuc7zYLI0fi4rSNnGQ Jon Drinks Water: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC15CpXEtQ4DH6UCE7kNcQOA PetitTube: http://www.petittube.com/ Vi Hart on logarithms and counting: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N-7tcTIrers Logarithmic perception: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weber%E2%80%93Fechner_law http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stevens%27_power_law Thinking logarithmically: http://www.radiolab.org/story/91698-innate-numbers/ https://www.khanacademy.org/math/algebra2/exponential_and_logarithmic_func/log_functions/v/vi-and-sal-explore-how-we-think-about-scale http://www.science20.com/news_articles/logarithm_versus_linear_thinking_why_our_brains_midpoint_1_and_9_might_be_3-94891 http://www.huffingtonpost.com/ben-thomas/whats-halfway-between-1-and-9-kids-and-scientists-say-3_b_1982920.html psychophysics of price: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/24098883_Market_Price_Variation_Perceived_Price_Variation_and_Consumers'_Price_Search_Decisions_for_Durable_Goods subitizing: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subitizing approximate number system: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Approximate_number_system numerical...

Why Did The Chicken Cross The Road?

Thanks to Bill Nye! Check him out here: http://www.billnye.com/ http://planetary.org/ Vsauce3: http://www.youtube.com/user/Vsauce3 FOLLOW @TWEETSAUCE: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce Vsauce MERCH: http://www.districtlines.com/Vsauce Music by Jake Chudnow: http://soundcloud.com/jakechudnow Great list of how famous people would approach the chicken question: http://www.bored.com/chickenjoke/ How we should all FIRST hear the chicken joke: http://ivy.comicgenesis.com/ E.B. White: http://www.quotationspage.com/quote/984.html Frog Dissection app: http://itunes.apple.com/us/app/frog-dissection/id377626675 Anti-Joke Chicken: http://www.quickmeme.com/Anti-Joke-Chicken/popular/1/ Anti-Joke Cat: http://twitter.com/AntiJokeCat "No soap, radio": http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/No_soap_radio OLDEST JOKE: http://www.independent.co.uk/voices/commentators/paul-mcdonald-heard-the-one-about-the-oldest-joke-in-the-world-its-a-cracker-2164293.html Original Summerian: http://etcsl.orinst.ox.ac.uk/proverbs/c.6.1.01.html Agyrophobia: http://www.medterms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=12168 Death Clock: http://deathclock.com/ Percentage of earth that is paved: http://www.artba.org/about/faqs-transportation-general-public/faqs/#9 Chicken Population: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/07/29/domesticated-animal-populations_n_913464.html Mary had a little lamb (pics in video from a book I own): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Had_a_Little_Lamb Computational theory of humor [pdf]: http://arxiv.org/abs/0711.2058

The Zipf Mystery

The of and to. A in is I. That it, for you, was with on. As have ... but be they. RELATED LINKS AND SOURCES BELOW! http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce http://www.instagram.com/electricpants WordCount.org http://www.wordcount.org/ How many days have you been alive? http://www.beatcanvas.com/daysalive.asp random letter generator: http://www.dave-reed.com/Nifty/randSeq.html Dictionary of Obscure Sorrows: https://www.youtube.com/user/obscuresorrows Word frequency resources: [lemmatized] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Most_common_words_in_English http://www.uow.edu.au/~dlee/corpora.htm http://www.wordfrequency.info http://www.anc.org/data/anc-second-release/frequency-data/ http://www.titania.bham.ac.uk/docs/ http://www.kilgarriff.co.uk/bnc-readme.html#raw https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Wiktionary:Frequency_lists http://ucrel.lancs.ac.uk/bncfreq/ [PDF] http://www.wordfrequency.info/files/entries.pdf [combined Wikipedia and Gutenberg] http://www.monlp.com/2012/04/16/calculating-word-and-n-gram-statistics-from-a-wikipedia-corpora/ http://corpus.byu.edu/coca/files/100k_samples.txt http://corpus.byu.edu/ http://corpus.leeds.ac.uk/list.html https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=ja1_AAAAQBAJ&dq=word+frequency+coca&lr= http://www.ling.helsinki.fi/kit/2009s/clt231/NLTK/book/ch01-LanguageProcessingAndPython.html Great Zipf's law papers: http://colala.bcs.rochester.edu/papers/piantadosi2014zipfs.pdf http://www.ling.upenn.edu/~ycharles/sign708.pdf http://arxiv.org/pdf/cond-mat/0412004.pdf http://www-personal.umich.edu/~mejn/courses/2006/cmplxsys899/powerlaws.pdf Zipf’s law articles and discussions: http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2002/04/seeing-around-corners/302471/ http://io9.com/the-mysterious-law-that-governs-the-size-of-your-city-1479244159?utm_expid=66866090-48.Ej9760cOTJCPS_Bq4mjoww.0 https://plus.maths.org/content/os/latestnews/may-aug08/food/index http://judson.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/05/19/math-and-the-city/?em https://plus.maths.org/content/mystery-zipf?src=aop http://www.datasciencecentral.com/profiles/blogs/why-zipf-s-law-explains-so-many-big-data-and-physics-phenomenons https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zipf%27s_law https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=f8GrzlnMSm8C&pg=PA62&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false http://arxiv.org/pdf/0802.4393v1.pdf http://www.pnas.org/content/108/9/3526.full http://lewisdartnell.com/language_page.htm http://wugology.com/zipfs-law/ other Zipf’s law PDFs http://ftp.iza.org/dp3928.pdf http://arxiv.org/pdf/1402.2965.pdf http://arxiv.org/pdf/1104.3199.pdf http://www.lel.ed.ac.uk/~jim/zipfjrh.pdf http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2834740/#pone.0009411-Mandelbrot1 http://polymer.bu.edu/hes/articles/pgs02a.pdf in untranslated language: http://arxiv.org/pdf/0808.2904.pdf http://pages.stern.nyu.edu/~xgabaix/papers/zipf.pdf http://www.hpl.hp.com/research/idl/papers/ranking/ranking.html http://statweb.stanford.edu/~owen/courses/306a/ZipfAndGutenberg.pdf http://arxiv.org/pdf/1310.0448v3.pdf http://www.kornai.com/Papers/glotto5.pdf Zipf’s law slides: http://www.slideshare.net/guest9fc47a/nlp-new-words Pareto Principle and related ‘laws’: http://www.squawkpoint.com/2013/03/pareto-principle/ http://billyshall.com/blog/post/paretos-principle https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pareto_principle Random typing and Zipf: http://www.longtail.com/the_long_tail/2006/09/is_zipfs_law_ju.html health 80/20: http://archive.ahrq.gov/research/findings/factsheets/costs/expriach/expriach1.html Principle of least effort: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Principle_of_least_effort https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satisficing http://www.pnas.org/content/100/3/788.full.pdf [PDF] http://csiss.org/classics/content/99 self organized criticality: http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fnsys.2014.00166/full Hapax Legomenon: http://campus.albion.edu/english/2011/02/15/hapax-legomenon/ http://www.dailywritingtips.com/is-that-a-hapax-legomenon/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hapax_legomenon [PDF] http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/J10-4003 http://www.wired.com/2012/01/hapax-legomena-and-zipfs-law/ http://oed.hertford.ox.ac.uk/main/content/view/402/450/index.html#_ftn1 http://oed.hertford.ox.ac.uk/main/content/view/36/166/index.html Learning curve: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Learning_curve Forgetting curve: http://www.trainingindustry.com/wiki/entries/forgetting-curve.aspx https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forgetting_curve Experience curve effects: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Experience_curve_effects Forgetting and zipf's law: http://act-r.psy.cmu.edu/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/37JRA_LS_PS_1991.pdf http://public.psych.iastate.edu/shacarp/Wixted_Carpenter_2007.pdf http://marshalljonesjr.com/youll-remember-less-than-001-of-your-life/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forgetting https://www.reddit.com/r/Showerthoughts/comments/3gu9qk/it_only_takes_three_generations_for_you_to_be/ music from: http://www.youtube.com/jakechudnow http://www.audionetwork.com

Seeing Through Selenite

Get my favorite math and science toys delivered regularly to your home! http://www.curiositybox.com Twitter: http://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys Instagram: http://instagr.am/doonlinenowguys Send me something! Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***CREDITS*** Host Michael Stevens Edited by Jack Merline VFX outros by Eric Langlay http://youtube.com/ericlanglay Music by Jake Chudnow http://youtube.com/jakechudnow and from http://www.audionetwork.com ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

The Mandelbrot Set

I will send my brain food right to your door: http://www.curiositybox.com Twitter: http://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys Instagram: http://instagr.am/doonlinenowguys Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***Click "SHOW MORE" For Links*** Mandelbrot Zoom https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PD2XgQOyCCk ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Edited by Jack Merline VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by Jake Chudnow (http://youtube.com/jakechudnow) and Audio Network (https://www.audionetwork.com) ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

A Game You Can Always Win

Get Vsauce's favorite science and math toys delivered right to your door: http://www.curiositybox.com The 100 game was created by the Reverend Charles Lutwidge Dodgson -- who you may know for writing Alice In Wonderland under the pen name Lewis Carroll. Carroll’s Oxford students were amazed. On February 5, 1856 he wrote in his diary: “... the trick of counting alternately up to 100, neither putting on more than 10 to the last number named, astonished them not a little.” The Universe in a Handkerchief: Lewis Carroll’s Mathematical Recreations, Games, Puzzles, and Word Plays, by Martin Gardiner https://www.amazon.com/Universe-Handkerchief-Carrolls-Mathematical-Recreations/dp/0387256415 The Diaries of Lewis Carroll Volume...

Lenz's Law

GET A FREE AUDIOBOOK! http://audible.com/michaelstoys or text michaelstoys to 500-500 LINKS TO LEARN MORE BELOW! dong on twitter: https://twitter.com/doonlinenowguys dong on instagram: https://www.instagram.com/doonlinenowguys my reddit post about DONG and Vsauce1: https://www.reddit.com/r/vsauce/comments/86a49b/can_anyone_tell_me_why_the_vsauce_videos_of/dw4fhoc/ VIDEOS MENTIONED: The episode of Mind Field at UC Irvine. We look at how playing video games can effect the shape and size of your brain: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1RHsAUyFCAM How dangerous are magnetic items near an MRI magnet? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6BBx8BwLhqg Veritasium: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NqdOyxJZj0U PhysicsFun on instagram: https://www.instagram.com/physicsfun Science Bob and magnetic cereal: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n9s8CbP7ExY wbeaty's video on how to make a generator: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k7Sz8oT8ou0 MRI quench: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9SOUJP5dFEg Levitating frog: http://www.ru.nl/hfml/research/levitation/diamagnetic/ Faraday's Law interactive: https://phet.colorado.edu/sims/html/faradays-law/latest/faradays-law_en.html Lenz's Law: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lenz%27s_law Lenz's Law interactive: https://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/electromag/java/lenzlaw/ Ann Druyan: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ann_Druyan Voyager Golden Record: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voyager_Golden_Record ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti and...

Squaring a Doughnut

***LINKS TO LEARN MORE BELOW*** Numberphile's Video About Squared Squares https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NoRjwZomUK0 Torus Games http://www.geometrygames.org/TorusGames/index.html.en https://levsblog.quora.com/The-Topology-of-Pacman http://www.squaring.net/sq/spt/st/st.html http://www.squaring.net/sq/ss/siss/siss.html http://www.squaring.net/history_theory/brooks_smith_stone_tutte.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Squaring_the_square Get my favorite science gear delivered to your door: http://www.curiositybox.com Twitter: http://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys Instagram: http://instagr.am/doonlinenowguys Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 9003 ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti instagram: @hannaynaycanaynay VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by Jake Chudnow and from AudioNetwork (http://youtube.com/jakechudnow) (https://www.audionetwork.com) ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

What If The Earth Stopped Spinning?

What if the Earth stopped spinning? LEARN MORE BELOW! follow Michael Stevens: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce instagram: http://instagram.com/electricpants facebook: https://www.facebook.com/VsauceGaming Courtly Love "Mirage": https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yv_CSShi1vU music by: https://www.youtube.com/user/jakechudnow Faster Earth-spin physics: http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/question.php?number=310 http://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=603143 http://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=403191 If Earth stopped spinning: http://www.esri.com/news/arcuser/0610/nospin.html http://astrobob.areavoices.com/2013/07/30/if-the-earth-stops-spinning-wed-be-in-big-trouble/ http://image.gsfc.nasa.gov/poetry/ask/q1168.html http://www.astronomycafe.net/qadir/q2947.html http://science.howstuffworks.com/science-vs-myth/what-if/what-if-earth-stopped-spinning.htm http://www.spaceanswers.com/solar-system/what-would-happen-if-the-earth-stopped-spinning/ https://van.physics.illinois.edu/qa/listing.php?id=322 human dimensions: http://www.fas.harvard.edu/~loebinfo/loebinfo/Proportions/humanfigure.html If Earth stopped spinning VIDEOS: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C7kubIYu69c https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qr_aEHXfC70 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nH3bmG-KjvU Why does Earth rotate? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TQxeutcYP6I http://www.universetoday.com/14491/why-does-the-earth-rotate/ http://blog.tiaan.com/link/2010/05/04/simulation-space-debris-forming-accretion-disk centripetal vs centrifugal: http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/corf.html http://xkcd.com/123/ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yAfg_8OLjvs http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Centrifugal_force_(rotating_reference_frame)#Earth http://www.regentsprep.org/Regents/physics/phys06/bartgrav/default.htm http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/question.php?number=16 comics: http://i.imgur.com/yRxXg.png http://www.qwantz.com/index.php?comic=351 atomic clocks: http://www.nist.gov/pml/div688/grp50/primary-frequency-standards.cfm http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/acloc.html http://archive.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/obj/inms-ienm/images/research_images/cesium_clock_e/energyleveldiagram.gif time: http://www.theatlantic.com/video/index/358609/where-time-comes-from/ http://travel.fyicenter.com/Time_Zone/What_Are_UTC_UT_and_GMT.php http://www.nist.gov/pml/div688/grp50/leapsecond.cfm http://www.bipm.org/en/scientific/tai/clock_comparisons.html http://www.astronomy.ohio-state.edu/~pogge/Ast350/timesys.html Earth slowing down and unstable: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/bad-weather-makes-day-long/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fluctuations_in_the_length_of_day http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earth's_rotation Earth footage: http://visibleearth.nasa.gov/view.php?id=79803 http://earth.jsc.nasa.gov/Videos/CrewEarthObservationsVideos/ https://archive.org/details/SVS-1375 Earth and ocean animation by https://twitter.com/RoryBinks People flailing animation by Eric Langley

Mysterium Cosmographicum

GET THE CURIOSITY BOX: https://www.curiositybox.com Follow DONG on Twitter! https://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys MORE INFO: https://thatsmaths.com/2016/10/13/keplers-magnificent-mysterium-cosmographicum/ http://www.cyphertext.net/gfish/Kepler2017.pdf https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Platonic_solid https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geocentric_model https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heliocentrism Images from: https://goo.gl/JuF2wB https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regular_4-polytope#/media/File:Schlegel_wireframe_24-cell.png Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Edited by Jack Merline VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by Jake Chudnow (http://youtube.com/jakechudnow) ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

Should You Eat Yourself?

I answer 5 questions you guys asked over twitter. http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce Google Science Fair: https://www.googlesciencefair.com VSAUCE2: http://www.youtube.com/Vsauce2 VSAUCE3: http://www.youtube.com/Vsauce3 Music by Jake Chudnow: http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow eyebrow man: http://www.ptleader.com/main.asp?SectionID=36&SubSectionID=55&ArticleID=15119 gravity anomalies: http://www.bgs.ac.uk/data/gravAndMag.html ring on reddit: http://www.reddit.com/r/AskReddit/comments/s4ki4/if_a_giant_ring_was_built_on_mile_high_supports/ notch: https://twitter.com/notch rope around Earth puzzle: http://www.daviddarling.info/encyclopedia/R/rope-around-the-Earth_puzzle.html word record for longest hair: http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/longest-hair-(female)/ eye floaters: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Floater Wikipedia size in volumes: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Size_in_volumes

The Birthday Paradox

Bitdefender: http://bit.ly/2SUrIOr Huge thanks to Bitdefender for supporting Vsauce2. **** LINKS **** Birthday Attack Example In Hacking https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4shxYyV4O_k Birthday Attack Hash Collision https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=18ihbf1EqRw Hashing Algorithms And Security - Computerphile https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b4b8ktEV4Bg Discussion On The Birthday Attack https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2bEL3ok8D70 The Birthday Attack https://danielmiessler.com/study/birthday_attack/ *********** Vsauce2 Links Twitter: https://twitter.com/VsauceTwo Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/VsauceTwo Hosted, Produced, And Edited by Kevin Lieber Instagram: http://instagram.com/kevlieber Twitter: https://twitter.com/kevleeb Website: http://kevinlieber.com Research And Writing by Matthew Tabor https://twitter.com/matthewktabor Huge Thanks To Paula Lieber https://www.etsy.com/shop/Craftality Get Vsauce's favorite science and math toys delivered to your door! https://www.curiositybox.com/ Special Thanks Eric Langlay https://www.youtube.com/c/ericlanglay Select Music By Jake Chudnow: http://www.youtube.com/user/JakeChudnow MY PODCAST -- THE CREATE UNKNOWN https://www.youtube.com/thecreateunknown

Inq's Cipher Wheel

Get your own Inq's Cipher Wheel and everything else in Box VIII: http://www.curiositybox.com Twitter: http://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys Instagram: http://instagr.am/doonlinenowguys Send me something! Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***CREDITS*** Your host today has been Michael Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti and Michael Stevens VFX outros by Eric Langlay http://youtube.com/ericlanglay Music by Jake Chudnow http://youtube.com/jakechudnow and from http://www.audionetwork.com ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3