The Leaning Tower of Lire
The Leaning Tower of Lire
The Leaning Tower of Lire

The Leaning Tower of Lire - DONG

DONG
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Video Related The Leaning Tower of Lire - DONG

π Tape

Follow DONG on Twitter! https://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys For Our Favorite Science Toys Delivered Right To Your Door: https://www.curiositybox.com Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti (https://www.youtube.com/c/HannahCanetti) VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by Jake Chudnow (http://youtube.com/jakechudnow) ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

The Banach–Tarski Paradox

Q: "What's an anagram of Banach-Tarski?" A: "Banach-Tarski Banach-Tarski." twitter: https://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants Kevin’s Field Day video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1zARMZ08ums Field Day: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCRPktNf5vnBR1J4e7t1RUVg Deep dream animation by http://instagram.com/NaderMakki/ If you like it, you'll love this video also by Nader: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fJ9j_z2kXI0 Chocolate illusion: http://mathandmultimedia.com/2014/07/22/explanation-infinite-chocolate-bars/ Chocolate illusion video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dmBsPgPu0Wc related Numberphile videos: sizes of infinity (includes diagonal argument): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=elvOZm0d4H0 infinity paradoxes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dDl7g_2x74Q Vi Hart on types of infinity: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=23I5GS4JiDg Countable & uncountable definitions: http://mathinsight.org/definition/uncountable https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Countable_set https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uncountable_set Banach-Tarski on wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banach%E2%80%93Tarski_paradox Banach-Tarski proofs: http://math.uchicago.edu/~may/REU2014/REUPapers/Robinson.pdf https://www.math.hmc.edu/~su/papers.dir/banachtarski.pdf http://people.math.umass.edu/~weston/oldpapers/banach.pdf Banach-Tarski explinations online: http://www.irregularwebcomic.net/2339.html http://www.kuro5hin.org/comments/2003/5/23/134430/275?pid=5#10 http://skepticsplay.blogspot.co.uk/2010/05/doubling-sphere.html http://austinrochford.com/posts/2014-05-14-banach-tarski-paradox.html http://www.math.cornell.edu/~mec/Summer2009/Whieldon/Math_Explorers_Club%3A__Lesson_Links/Entries/2009/7/28_Lesson_6%3A__Whats_an_Anagram_of_Banach-Tarski.html http://rachellevanger.com/index_files/BT%20Animated%20Presentation%20Web.pdf http://quibb.blogspot.co.uk/2013_03_01_archive.html http://blog.computationalcomplexity.org/2011/04/what-did-banachs-wife-think-of-banach.html https://geopolicraticus.wordpress.com/tag/banach-tarski-paradox/ http://dgleahy.com/p47.html https://www.math.hmc.edu/funfacts/ffiles/30001.1-3-8.shtml Cayley graph animated gif: https://twitter.com/GIFsofWikipedia/status/624202342259240960 Hilbert’s hotel on wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hilbert%27s_paradox_of_the_Grand_Hotel types of infinity: http://www.xamuel.com/levels-of-infinity/ set theory and quantum physics: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02213427#page-1 LHC gif: http://cms.web.cern.ch/news/lhc-data-be-made-public-open-access-initiative Zermelo-Fraenkel axioms of mathematics: http://mathworld.wolfram.com/Zermelo-FraenkelAxioms.html Is math invented or discovered? http://phys.org/news/2013-09-mathematics-effective-world.html http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/is-the-universe-made-of-math-excerpt/ more deep dream images: https://www.reddit.com/r/deepdream/ BOOKS: The Pea and the Sun: http://www.amazon.com/The-Pea-Sun-Mathematical-Paradox/dp/1568813279 The Outer Limits...

Genaille-Lucas Rulers

Get Your First 3 Months Of Skillshare For 99 Cents: http://skl.sh/doonlinenowguys99 The Curiosity Box: https://www.curiositybox.com/ MICHAEL ON TWITTER: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 Genaille-Lucas Rulers on Amazon: http://geni.us/GenailleLucasRulers Creative Crafthouse: http://creativecrafthouse.com ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti (https://www.youtube.com/c/HannahCanetti) VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

Can You Draw A Perfect Circle?

The Curiosity Box: https://www.curiositybox.com/ MICHAEL ON TWITTER: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***Click "SHOW MORE" for links to DONGs*** Codereddit (0:34) http://codereddit.net/#/?_k=w8appj Perfect Circle (0:53) http://vladgotlib.com/circular/ Alphabet Passport (1:38) http://alphabetpassport.com/populationarea.php Slightly Annoying Traffic (1:53) https://jorbits.itch.io/traffic Cardinal Run (2:04) https://labrat.mobi/games/cardinal_run/ Don’t Pop the Balloon (2:13) https://www.openprocessing.org/sketch/491198 Creepy Face (2:25) http://alteredqualia.com/xg/examples/deferred_skin.html Based on a True Story (2:38) https://informationisbeautiful.net/visualizations/based-on-a-true-true-story/ What Bowie Did At Your Age (2:58) http://supbowie.com Hex Code Clock (3:24) http://www.jacopocolo.com/hexclock/ ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Written and edited by Hannah Canetti (https://www.youtube.com/c/HannahCanetti) VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by...

Lenz's Law

GET A FREE AUDIOBOOK! http://audible.com/michaelstoys or text michaelstoys to 500-500 LINKS TO LEARN MORE BELOW! dong on twitter: https://twitter.com/doonlinenowguys dong on instagram: https://www.instagram.com/doonlinenowguys my reddit post about DONG and Vsauce1: https://www.reddit.com/r/vsauce/comments/86a49b/can_anyone_tell_me_why_the_vsauce_videos_of/dw4fhoc/ VIDEOS MENTIONED: The episode of Mind Field at UC Irvine. We look at how playing video games can effect the shape and size of your brain: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1RHsAUyFCAM How dangerous are magnetic items near an MRI magnet? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6BBx8BwLhqg Veritasium: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NqdOyxJZj0U PhysicsFun on instagram: https://www.instagram.com/physicsfun Science Bob and magnetic cereal: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n9s8CbP7ExY wbeaty's video on how to make a generator: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k7Sz8oT8ou0 MRI quench: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9SOUJP5dFEg Levitating frog: http://www.ru.nl/hfml/research/levitation/diamagnetic/ Faraday's Law interactive: https://phet.colorado.edu/sims/html/faradays-law/latest/faradays-law_en.html Lenz's Law: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lenz%27s_law Lenz's Law interactive: https://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/electromag/java/lenzlaw/ Ann Druyan: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ann_Druyan Voyager Golden Record: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voyager_Golden_Record ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti and...

Online Illusions

First 36 Get 20% Off Annual Subscription: https://brilliant.org/doonline/ The Curiosity Box: https://www.curiositybox.com/ ***Click "SHOW MORE" for links to DONGs*** Michael Bach (0:44) http://www.michaelbach.de/ot/ Ghostly Gaze (0:56) http://www.michaelbach.de/ot/fcs-ghostlyGaze/index.html Albert/Marilyn (2:11) http://thevisualcommunicationguy.com/2014/04/07/hybrid-images-detail-memory-and-our-crazy-brain/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hybrid_image http://people.sunyit.edu/~lepres/thesis/principles/253_pdfsam_POD.pdf Dancing Girl (3:48) http://www.michaelbach.de/ot/sze_silhouette/index.html Thatcher Effect (4:39) http://thatchereffect.com/ Fading Dot (5:03) http://www.exploratorium.edu/files/exhibits/fading_dot/fading_dot.html Oscillating Dots (5:56) https://www.reddit.com/r/illusionporn/comments/7owdms/2_dots_oscillating_vertically_or_horizontally_or/ Hinged Tessellations (7:19) http://algrant.ca/projects/hinged-tessellations/ ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti (https://www.youtube.com/c/HannahCanetti) VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by Jake Chudnow (http://youtube.com/jakechudnow) ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

Relativistic Effects

LINKS TO LEARN MORE BELOW! follow: http://www.twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys Relativity VIDEO RECOMMENDATIONS: I talk about relativistic effects in this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ACUuFg9Y9dY My video about flat Earth: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VNqNnUJVcVs&t=3s Minutephyisics series on relativity (first two chapters are out so far) Chapter 1: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1rLWVZVWfdY Chapter 2: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hTxWAQGgeQw More time dilation videos: Best0fScience: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HHRK6ojWdtU PBS Space Time: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GguAN1_JouQ Sixty Symbols: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cxqjyl74iu4 Fraser Cain: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JwCYwte9NKg Relativity BOOK RECOMMENDATIONS: “Relativity Simply Explained” by Martin Gardener https://www.amazon.com/Relativity-Explained-Classics-Science-Mathematics/dp/0486293157 “Relativity Visualized” by Lewis Carroll Epstein https://www.amazon.com/Relativity-Explained-Classics-Science-Mathematics/dp/0486293157 "Spacetime Physics" https://www.amazon.com/Spacetime-Physics-Edwin-F-Taylor/dp/0716723271 “A Most Incomprehensible Thing: Notes Towards a Very Gentle Introduction to the Mathematics of Relativity” by Peter Collier https://www.amazon.com/Most-Incomprehensible-Thing-Introduction-Mathematics-ebook/dp/B008JRJ1VK Requires some background in relevant math topics (see above) but very very good: “Spacetime And Geometry: An Introduction To General Relativity”...

The Galton Board

Get my favorite science and math toys delivered right to your door: http://www.curiositybox.com Buy a Galton Board here: http://geni.us/GaltonBoard Twitter: http://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys Instagram: http://instagr.am/doonlinenowguys Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***CREDITS*** Starring Hannah Canetti With special appearance by Michael Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti and Michael Stevens Close-up footage of the board by JAKE ROPER VFX outros by Eric Langlay http://youtube.com/ericlanglay Music by Jake Chudnow http://youtube.com/jakechudnow ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

Will We Ever Visit Other Stars?

Watch Bravest Warriors: http://bit.ly/UJMi2H T-SHIRT: Vsauce + Bravest Warriors! http://bit.ly/XYgCUM Music By Jake Chudnow: http://www.youtube.com/jakechudnow http://www.soundcloud.com/JakeChudnow Likelihood of interstellar travel: http://www.universetoday.com/17044/bad-news-insterstellar-travel-may-remain-in-science-fiction/ Time it would take to visit nearest star: http://www.universetoday.com/15403/how-long-would-it-take-to-travel-to-the-nearest-star/ Curiosity Rover self portrait on Mars: http://marsprogram.jpl.nasa.gov/msl/news/whatsnew/index.cfm?FuseAction=ShowNews&NewsID=1404 Hayden Planetarium's Digital Universe [Mac or PC]: http://www.haydenplanetarium.org/universe/download Orders of Magnitude (speed): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orders_of_magnitude_(speed) Fermi Paradox: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=where-are-they&page=2 What it looks like to travel near light speed: http://io9.com/5976041/this-is-what-it-would-really-look-like-to-travel-at-near+lightspeed Liam's NEW MUSIC Channel: http://www.youtube.com/newmusic Liam and Brad are WORLD OF THE ORANGE: http://www.youtube.com/woto Wormholes: http://science.howstuffworks.com/science-vs-myth/everyday-myths/time-travel4.htm Alcubierre drive: http://www.space.com/6649-star-trek-warp-drive-impossible.html Alcubierre drive video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iJZXDEUOao0 Alcubierre PDF: http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20110015936_2011016932.pdf Andrew Kennedy's wait calculation paper: http://www.jbis.org.uk/paper.php?p=2006.59.239 MIT Game Lab Download "A Slower Speed of Light": http://gamelab.mit.edu/games/a-slower-speed-of-light/ Bad Astronomer on a body in space: http://bit.ly/WFI9dw SciShow on a body in space: http://bit.ly/WjJZnX Wikipedia...

The Brachistochrone

BRAIN CANDY LIVE TICKETS: http://www.braincandylive.com/tickets Links to sources and to learn more below! MY TWITTER: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce MY INSTAGRAM: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants THE CURIOSITY BOX: https://www.curiositybox.com/ Stan Wagon “Roads and Wheels” [PDF]: http://web.mst.edu/~lmhall/Personal/RoadsWheels/RoadsWheels.pdf 3Blue1Brown video, “The Brachistochrone, with Steven Strogatz”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cld0p3a43fU Pile of people visualization originally from this Vsauce1 video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C6eOcd06kdk Online spirograph: http://nathanfriend.io/inspirograph/ The Brachistochrone http://whistleralley.com/brachistochrone/brachistochrone.htm Rolling: http://www.animations.physics.unsw.edu.au//jw/rolling.htm http://teacher.pas.rochester.edu/phy121/LectureNotes/Chapter12/Chapter12.html Refraction of light: http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/refrn/Lesson-1/Refraction-and-Sight http://www.funscience.in/study-zone/Physics/RefractionOfLight/AtmosphericRefraction.php http://www.walter-fendt.de/html5/phen/refractionhuygens_en.htm http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/java/particleorwave/refraction/ http://astro.unl.edu/classaction/animations/telescopes/snellslaw.html http://demonstrations.wolfram.com/FermatsPrincipleAndSnellsLaw/ Feynman on The Principle of Least Time: http://www.feynmanlectures.caltech.edu/I_26.html cycloid as answer to brachistochrone: https://sinews.siam.org/About-the-Author/quick-find-a-solution-to-the-brachistochrone-problem-1 Music from: https://www.youtube.com/jakechudnow and http://www.audionetwork.com Roulette animations by Eric Langlay https://www.youtube.com/c/ericlanglay good relevant Wikipedia articles: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brachistochrone_curve https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tautochrone_curve https://goo.gl/SlRDhK https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cycloid https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snell's_law Wolfram demonstration projects used: "Cycloid Curves" from the Wolfram Demonstrations Project  http://demonstrations.wolfram.com/CycloidCurves/ Contributed by: Sean Madsen Additional contributions by: David von Seggern (U. Nevada, Reno) "Shaping a Road and Finding the Corresponding Wheel" from the Wolfram...

How to Make Every Strictly-Convex Deltahedron

Get my favorite science and math toys delivered right to your door four times a year! http://www.curiositybox.com The tiles I'm using are called Magna-Tiles: http://geni.us/MagnaTilesbyValtech Twitter: http://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys Instagram: http://instagr.am/doonlinenowguys deltahedra: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deltahedron video about snubification and expansion: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BMfxSkCLtyM expansion and snub animation from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snub_(geometry) Send me something! Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***CREDITS*** Your host today has been Michael Stevens Edited by Jack Merline and Michael Stevens VFX outros by Eric Langlay http://youtube.com/ericlanglay Music by Jake Chudnow http://youtube.com/jakechudnow and from http://www.audionetwork.com ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

Spinning

THE CURIOSITY BOX: https://www.curiositybox.com/ BRAIN CANDY LIVE: http://www.braincandylive.com/ DONG: http://www.youtube.com/dong **LINKS TO LEARN MORE BELOW** Jake unboxing the latest Curiosity Box (SPOILERS): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IUK7MUtotw4 Other great videos on this topic: "The gyro effect explained, without math" from Matthias Wandel https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jQEKhIovKA0 also see http://woodgears.ca/physics/gyro.html "Gyroscopic precession -- An intuitive explanation" from TheHue's SciTech https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n5bKzBZ7XuM "Gyroscopic Precession" from Veritasium https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ty9QSiVC2g0 "Anti-Gravity Wheel?" from Veritasium https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GeyDf4ooPdo "Bizarre spinning toys" from Physics Girl https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Tx7FgZuV3U&t=199s "Can a satellite do a yo-yo trick?" from Practical Engineering https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZKAQtB5Pwq4 wiki pages about gyroscopes and circular motion: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gyroscope https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circular_motion https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angular_momentum https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Precession https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Centrifugal_force centripetal force: http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/cf.html xkcd on Centrifugal Force: http://xkcd.com/123/ Eötvös effect: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E%C3%B6tv%C3%B6s_effect http://io9.gizmodo.com/5987516/the-noble-eotvos-effect-shows-you-can-outrun-gravity https://thearmsguide.com/5329/external-ballistics-the-coriolis-effect-6-theory-section/ https://www.physicsforums.com/threads/our-weight-if-the-earth-spins-faster.603143/ Music by http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow and http://www.audionetwork.com Good-lookin' 3D graphics by Eric Langlay: https://www.youtube.com/user/ericdraven30 mid-tier 2D animations by me. #whazzzup

Alzheimer's and the Brain

HUGE THANKS to The Alzheimer's Association for graciously giving me time with and access to scientists currently researching the disease. You can learn more about them here: https://www.alz.org/ More good links: http://www.alz.org/facts/ Alzheimer’s disease facts and figures [PDF]: http://www.alz.org/documents_custom/2016-facts-and-figures.pdf Basics of Alzheimer’s disease. “What it is and what you can do” [PDF] http://www.alz.org/national/documents/brochure_basicsofalz_low.pdf What is Dementia? http://www.alz.org/what-is-dementia.asp Alzheimer’s disease: http://www.alz.org/research/science/alzheimers_brain_tour.asp https://www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers/publication/preventing-alzheimers-disease/what-alzheimers-disease https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alzheimer%27s_disease compare causes of death: http://vizhub.healthdata.org/gbd-compare/patterns Solar system movement around galactic center: https://twitter.com/skyponderer/status/735788050316288004 brain facts: https://www.brainscape.com/blog/2012/03/facts-gray-matter/ cortex thickness: http://www.pnas.org/content/97/20/11050.full more on cortex: http://wilson.med.harvard.edu/nb204/MultipleCorticalAreas-nb204-unit04-16feb2011.pdf http://www.alzforum.org/news/research-news/cerebral-cortex-folds-paper APP: https://www.bioscience.org/2012/v17/af/4035/fulltext.php?bframe=figures.htm https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/gene/APP#location http://pdb101.rcsb.org/motm/79 VIDEOS: how proteins are formed from DNA https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gG7uCskUOrA https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-K8Y0ATkkAI Memory: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long-term_potentiation https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neuronal_memory_allocation https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Memory https://www.reddit.com/r/askscience/comments/15in05/why_cant_i_list_every_book_i_know_but_i_can_tell/ Video of real human brain: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jHxyP-nUhUY The Alzheimer's Project (HBO): https://www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers/alzheimers-project-hbo-videos I highly recommend this: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt2371383/ Down syndrome: http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/birthdefects/downsyndrome.html https://www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers/publication/alzheimers-disease-people-down-syndrome Alzheimer's disease risk-factors: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/277778973_Summary_of_the_evidence_on_modifiable_risk_factors_for_cognitive_decline_and_dementia_A_population-based_perspective wiki images: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electric_power_transmission#/media/File:Qatar,_power_lines_(7).JPG https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mastermind_(board_game)#/media/File:Mastermind.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Book#/media/File:Urval_av_de_bocker_som_har_vunnit_Nordiska_radets_litteraturpris_under_de_50_ar_som_priset_funnits.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VHS#/media/File:VHS_recorder,_camera_and_cassette.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_tragic_poets_Aeschylus_(525-456_BC)_and_Sophocles_(495-406_BC),_Ny_Carlsberg_Glyptotek,_Copenhagen_(15369478929).jpg gullible

What Is A Paradox?

Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/vsauce2 Thanks to Brilliant for sponsoring this episode. *** SOURCES LINKS AND MORE *** “The Ways of Paradox and Other Essays” by Willard Van Orman Quine: https://www.amazon.com/Ways-Paradox-Other-Essays-Revised/dp/0674948378/ Zeno of Elea, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/zeno-elea/ Zeno’s Paradoxes, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/paradox-zeno/ Convergent Series, Khan Academy: https://www.khanacademy.org/math/calculus-home/series-calc/seq-conv-diverg-calc/v/convergent-and-divergent-sequences “Game Show Problem” by Marilyn vos Savant, Parade Magazine, 1990: http://marilynvossavant.com/game-show-problem/ “Solution to the Grandfather Paradox” by minutephysics: https://youtu.be/XayNKY944lY “The Faint Young Sun Paradox!” by MinuteEarth: https://youtu.be/qbnaes8X4iQ *********************************** Vsauce Links Website: http://www.Vsauce.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/VsauceTwo Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/VsauceTwo Hosted, Produced, Writing Contributions And Edited by Kevin Lieber Instagram: http://instagram.com/kevlieber Twitter: https://twitter.com/kevleeb Website: http://kevinlieber.com Research And Writing Contributions by Matthew Tabor https://twitter.com/matthewktabor Writing Contributions by Michael Stevens https://youtube.com/Vsauce VFX By Eric Langlay https://www.youtube.com/c/ericlanglay Special Thanks Paula Lieber https://www.etsy.com/shop/Craftality Select...

How Earth Moves

It’s here! Science stuff, mind-blowing stuff, Vsauce stuff, oh my!! THE CURIOSITY BOX: https://www.thecuriositybox.com/ Jake’s video about The Curiosity Box: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p91-GhjgeEU Minute Physics on why December days are the longest: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nZMMuv0Ltyo StandUpMaths on calendars and leap days: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qkt_wmRKYNQ Tom Scott on the Equation of Time: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d9Qnobvx_kM My video on what would happen if the Earth stopped spinning: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K0-GxoJ_Pcg GREAT visuals showing how Earth moves around the sun: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=82p-DYgGFjI http://www.timeanddate.com/ George Washington’s birthday: https://www.archives.gov/legislative/features/washington/ real-time sub solar point location: http://rl.se/sub-solar-point Lahaina noon images from the Oahu Astrophotography club: https://www.facebook.com/OahuAstrophotoClub analemma: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Analemma great solargraph and analemma images: http://analemma.pl/english-version interactive seasons and ecliptic simulator: http://astro.unl.edu/classaction/animations/coordsmotion/eclipticsimulator.html Nasa video of seasonal movement of Earth: https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/20063 Tropical year: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tropical_year Earth rotation specifics:...

What Is Consciousness?

LEANBACK IS HERE: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JoR0bMohcNo&list=PLE3048008DAA29B0A&feature=plpp_play_all Music courtesy of Jake Chudnow: http://www.soundcloud.com/jakechudnow TWITTER: @tweetsauce FACEBOOK: http://www.Facebook.com/VsauceGaming Learn more: Cleverbot: http://cleverbot.com/ Wikipedia on Consciousness: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consciousness Philosophical ZOMBIES: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/zombies/ NAMI on Anosognosia: http://www.nami.org/Content/NavigationMenu/Mental_Illnesses/Schizophrenia9/Anosognosia_Fact_Sheet.htm Information is Beautiful on Consciousness Theories: http://www.informationisbeautiful.net/play/what-is-consciousness/ Google Books: Awarenes of Deficit After Brain Injury": http://books.google.com/books?id=xze89PCLaWMC&lpg=PP1&pg=PA53#v=onepage&q&f=false "What is consciousness" conscious "what is identity" identity vsauce "Michael Stevens" brain neuroscience "other minds"

Math Magic

Links to sources, more math magic, and other cool things below! My Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce My Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants Thanks to Vanessa from BrainCraft! Check out her channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/braincraftvideo Matt Parker's standupmaths channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/standupmaths Matt's video I mention: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aNpGxZ_1KXU STEMMathsMagic channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/STEMMathsMagic The STEMMathsMagic video I reference: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r-LO8zQ9eTs STEMMathsMagic website (check out the manual!): http://www.mathematicalmagic.com/thetricks.html mismag is amazing. He introduced me to MANY self-working mathematical tricks. Please check him out! https://www.youtube.com/user/mismag822 MUSIC in this episode is from: Jake Chudnow: https://www.youtube.com/user/jakechudnow zach mccoy: https://zachmccoy.bandcamp.com/ audionetwork: http://www.audionetwork.com Shakespeare and Psalm 46: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psalm_46 http://www.umsl.edu/~thomaskp/sbible.htm https://www.apologeticspress.org/apcontent.aspx?category=13&article=925 Paper about which cards people think of most frequently (and more): http://www2.psych.ubc.ca/~rensink/publications/download/Cards-OAR.pdf 52 factorial explained by Scott Czepiel: http://czep.net/weblog/52cards.html Some good math magic articles: http://www.maa.org/community/maa-columns/past-columns-card-colm/low-down-triple-dealing http://www.futilitycloset.com/2015/06/25/color-scheme/ http://www.maa.org/external_archive/columns/colm/cardcolm200504.html http://www.ams.org/samplings/feature-column/fcarc-mulcahy5 http://mathforum.org/library/drmath/view/60379.html

How To Count Past Infinity

my twitter: @tweetsauce my instagram: electricpants Sources and links to learn more below! I’m very grateful to mathematician Hugh Woodin, Professor of Philosophy and Mathematics at Harvard, for taking the time on multiple occasions to discuss this topic with me and help me wrap my (finite) head around it. I’m also grateful to David Eisenbud, the Director of the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI) and professor of mathematics at the University of California, Berkeley, for his help and for connecting me with Hugh Woodin. And of course, big thanks to Brady Haran who created the “mile of pi” seen in this video and connected me...

How Much of the Earth Can You See at Once?

My shirt is from this quarter’s CURIOSITY BOX: http://www.curiositybox.com/ MY TWITTER: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce MY INSTAGRAM: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants Thanks to Mitchell for the jack-in-the-box! http://brainvenomstudio.com/ 3Blue1Brown: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCYO_jab_esuFRV4b17AJtAw 3Blue1Brown fractal dimension video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gB9n2gHsHN4 Mathologer video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qhbuKbxJsk8 Distance to horizon calculator: http://www.ringbell.co.uk/info/hdist.htm Earth curvature calculator: http://earthcurvature.com/ US cross section: https://www.reddit.com/r/MapPorn/comments/22cco7/us_elevation_profile_from_la_to_nyc_oc_1139x442/ Scott Kelly ISS earth pic: https://twitter.com/stationcdrkelly/status/618407818962575360?lang=en names of large numbers: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Names_of_large_numbers Earth’s surface fractal dimension: http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a129664.pdf Improbable research pancake study: http://www.improbable.com/airchives/paperair/volume9/v9i3/kansas.html State flatness paper: http://www.disruptivegeo.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/FlatMap_GeographicalReview_DobsonCampbell_2013Nov.pdf Mental floss article on flat states: http://mentalfloss.com/article/58976/kansas-really-flatter-pancake Lake Islands: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_island XKCD What If? bowling ball Earth: https://what-if.xkcd.com/46/ West Virginia map: https://store.usgs.gov/product/109169 Is Earth as smooth as a billiard ball? https://skeptics.stackexchange.com/questions/10763/is-earth-as-smooth-as-a-billiard-ball WPA rules: http://wpapool.com/rule-regulations/ Billiard ball surface scan paper: http://billiards.colostate.edu/bd_articles/2013/june13.pdf What state people think of as flat: http://americangeo.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/AGSGeographicKnowledgeValuesSurveyFinal.pdf Roche limit: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roche_limit https://www.quora.com/Why-arent-we-affected-by-the-Roche-Limit-Earth-is-clearly-larger-than-us https://www.quora.com/Does-the-Roche-limit-apply-to-our-human-launched-satellites-and-other-orbiting-bodies-of-Earth Hey What’s That? http://www.heywhatsthat.com Field...

Time ft. Neil deGrasse Tyson

Watch me on StarTalk Radio: https://youtu.be/HgMNKhgMAuk The Curiosity Box: http://curiositybox.com twitter: http://twitter.com/vsaucethree instagram: http://instagr.am/jakerawr facebook: http://facebook.com/vsauce3 Linear Time https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/guest-blog/the-linear-time-of-our-lives/ Nonlinear Time https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11390090 Bootstrap Paradox http://www.astronomytrek.com/the-bootstrap-paradox-explained/ Can you slip on a banana peel? http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/physics-slipping-banana-peel-and-other-weird-science-honored-ig-nobel-awards-180952787/ Journal of Irreproducible Results http://www.jir.com ***CREDITS**** Hosted and edited by Jake Roper VFX by Eric Langlay (https://www.youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by Jake Chudnow (http://youtube.com/jakechudnow) Special thanks to Neil and the StarTalk Radio team. ***Vsauce Links*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 DONG: http://youtube.com/dong

What is Cool?

Secret Skrillex Show: http://bit.ly/ySRFRu MIA Bad Girls Music Video: http://bit.ly/yJA94B MIA comment response: http://bit.ly/ADLydA "Fat people shouldn't make music": http://bit.ly/x2u2XK music by http://www.soundcloud.com/JakeChudnow Learn Links: Timeline of cool: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/f/f5/Cool_Timeline2.png Mona Lisa and Sprezzatura: http://catdir.loc.gov/catdir/samples/har051/2001024956.html Mona Lisa's copy: http://www.iheartchaos.com/post/16950614461/it-turns-out-that-the-mona-lisa-has-a-twin-sister Cool as rebellion: http://www.nytimes.com/books/first/p/pountain-cool.html Lester Young: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lester_Young Cool and social acceptance in the brain: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/04/070412115231.htm cool-hunting: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/cool/etc/hunting.html swag: http://theinvisibleagent.files.wordpress.com/2009/01/chicago1941.jpg

Romantic Gifts

Our favorite math and science toys delivered to your door: http://curiositybox.com Send us mail! Vsauce PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***LINKS TO EVERYTHING*** Numberphile Video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wKV0GYvR2X8 Matt Parker's Video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-u-O_2Hz82I Heart Symbol https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heart_(symbol) Seratonin Necklace https://www.etsy.com/listing/545143784/unisex-serotonin-molecule-necklace?gpla=1&gao=1&utm_campaign=shopping_us_MolecularMotifs_sfc_osa&utm_medium=cpc&utm_source=google&utm_custom1=0&utm_content=13736855&gclid=EAIaIQobChMIk8PZgPWP2QIViWV-Ch3_GA_UEAYYASABEgJMGPD_BwE READ: http://www.youramazingbrain.org/lovesex/sciencelove.htm Anatomically Correct Heart Mug https://www.etsy.com/listing/548961229/anatomical-heart-mega-mug-large-coffee?ga_order=most_relevant&ga_search_type=all&ga_view_type=gallery&ga_search_query=anatomical%20heart&ref=sr_gallery-1-9 Anatomically Correct Necklace https://anatomology.com/collections/anatomy/products/anatomical-heart-locket Actual hearts https://www.prestonsmasterbutchers.co.nz/offal-heart-kidney-liver-tripe-online-shop Amicable numbers heart puzzle https://mathsgear.co.uk/products/amicable-numbers-pair-of-keyrings-nerd-romance CREDITS: Hosted by Michael Stevens Written and edited by Jack Merline VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by Jake Chudnow (http://youtube.com/jakechudnow) ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

Stranger Facial Hair

20% off for the first 200: https://brilliant.org/dong The Curiosity Box: https://www.curiositybox.com/ ***Click "SHOW MORE" for links to DONGs*** DONG on Wikipedia (0:30) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dong Interactive Polyhedra (0:54) https://www.ibiblio.org/e-notes/webgl/polyhedra/polyhedra.htm Larger Library of Polyhedra (2:18) http://dmccooey.com/polyhedra/ Bagel (2:39) http://www.georgehart.com/bagel/bagel.html Stranger Things (3:08) http://evenstranger.pw/ Stroop Test (4:46) http://s3.mirror.co.uk/click-the-colour-and-not-the-word/index.html General Relativity (7:27) http://spark.sciencemag.org/generalrelativity/ Phet Pendulum Interactive (7:55) https://phet.colorado.edu/sims/html/pendulum-lab/latest/pendulum-lab_en.html ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti (https://www.youtube.com/c/HannahCanetti) VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by Jake Chudnow (http://youtube.com/jakechudnow) ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

Homonyms

LINKS TO LEARN MORE BELOW! DONG on twitter: https://twitter.com/doonlinenowguys DONG on instagram: https://www.instagram.com/doonlinenowguys Similar Words Tweet https://twitter.com/tweetsauce/status/970775723538497536 Multinyms https://web.archive.org/web/20160825095711/http://people.sc.fsu.edu/~jburkardt/fun/wordplay/multinyms.html McGurk Effect https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G-lN8vWm3m0&t=41s Tom7's Anagraphs https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qTBAW-Eh0tM Skate Fish https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skate_(fish) https://www.etymonline.com/word/skate Homonyms https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homonym ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Edited by Jack Merline VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by Jake Chudnow (http://youtube.com/jakechudnow) Audio Network (https://www.audionetwork.com) Matt Merline (https://soundcloud.com/thegooddullness) ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3