Why Do We Get Bored?
Why Do We Get Bored?
Why Do We Get Bored?

Why Do We Get Bored? - Vsauce

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Our World is Amazing. Questions? Ideas? Tweet me: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce Vsauce was created by Michael Stevens in the summer of 2010. Vsauce is... Michael Stevens: Producer/Host of Vsauce1 Kevin Lieber: Producer/Host of Vsauce2 Jake Roper: Producer/Host of Vsauce3 Eric Langlay: VFX for Vsauce1/2/3 You: Thanks for watching!!!

Video Related Why Do We Get Bored? - Vsauce

Why Do We Feel Nostalgia?

James and I talk more about music HERE: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z8zU7PyUrdU And EXTRAS here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8zzq_AFXxc4 FOLLOW ME: http://www.twitter.com/Tweetsauce MUSIC BY: James May (on piano on screen) & Jake Chudnow (not on screen): https://soundcloud.com/jakechudnow Feel some nostalgia: http://upchucky.org/TimeMachine.htm http://www.youtube.com/user/thepeterson Origin of "nostalgia" links: http://minnesota.publicradio.org/projects/2010/02/beyond-deployment/ptsd-timeline/index.shtml http://nihrecord.od.nih.gov/newsletters/2010/12_10_2010/story4.htm http://www.acrwebsite.org/search/view-conference-proceedings.aspx?Id=7580 "reminiscence bump": http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reminiscence_bump Lincoln poetry: http://www.potw.org/archive/potw325.html Lincoln assassination eye-witness [VIDEO]: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I_iq5yzJ-Dk Lincoln assassination eye-witness [NEWS ARTICLE]: http://bit.ly/TypCh5 Lincoln assassination eye-witness [WIKI]: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_J._Seymour Shall We Dance video with Lawrence Parsons: http://www.sciencenetworks.org/1524/shall-we-dance/ Other music+moving links: http://www.utsandiego.com/uniontrib/20071115/news_lz1c15brain.html http://www.news.harvard.edu/gazette/2001/03.22/04-music.html http://www.nytimes.com/2003/09/16/science/we-got-rhythm-the-mystery-is-how-and-why.html?sec=&spon=&pagewanted=print http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=experts-dance http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2009/dec/15/research-why-people-dance http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entrainment_(biomusicology) Earworm links: http://www.exploratorium.edu/music/questions/earworm.html http://science.howstuffworks.com/life/songs-stuck-in-head.htm Ironic Process Theory: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ironic_process_theory False memory paper: http://cdp.sagepub.com/content/14/6/321.short Longplayer: http://longplayer.org/what/overview.php Compression wave .gif: http://dev.physicslab.org/img/a271d8b5-4233-40fe-8623-8c873664996d.gif Great Alan Watts video animated by Trey Parker and Matt Stone: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JZbThJg6ehU

Spooky Coincidences?

Donate to Comic Relief’s SCHOOL OF YOUTUBE: http://comicrelief.com/SOYT THERE’S MORE! Click to watch the LEANBACK playlist: http://bit.ly/YwNHiF my twitter: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce my instagram: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants “7 Laws of Magical Thinking”: http://magicalthinkingbook.com/ “The Improbability Principle”: http://improbability-principle.com/the-improbability-principle-the-book/ Speed of light and pyramid coincidence: https://www.metabunk.org/threads/the-great-pyramid-of-giza-and-the-speed-of-light.2154/ Illinois lotto numbers: http://www.illinoislottery.com/en-us/winning-number-search-year.html#loadingImg2 Anagram genius website: http://www.anagramgenius.com Other anagrams: http://wordsmith.org/anagram/hof.html Michael Stevens illuminati tweet: https://twitter.com/vasilstefano/status/507611100594966528/photo/1 reverse speech sites: http://reversespeech.com/reversal/john-f-kennedy-assassination/ http://www.reversespeech.com/Children_Reversals.htm http://www.csicop.org/si/show/demon-haunted_sentence_a_skeptical_analysis_of_reverse_speech1/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_backmasked_messages virtual recorder app: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=ix.com.android.VirtualRecorder&hl=en Karsten Johansson phonetic palindrome poem: https://soundcloud.com/intruder-1/wei-touke Pareidolia: http://www.reddit.com/r/Pareidolia/ Apophenia as exhibited by a person with Schizophrenia: http://www.reddit.com/r/WTF/comments/2f182l/this_is_schizophrenia_album/ “may he poop on my knee?”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hOgALTFzFbQ iTunes shuffle: http://lifehacker.com/5929611/why-itunes-shuffle-isnt-random-and-how-to-fix-it dancing spiderman gif: http://factsvillage.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/spiderman-dancing.gif dancing ninja gif: http://imgur.com/jfzZFnf dancing gif sync explanation: http://www.radiolab.org/story/299399-why-spiderman-such-good-dancer/ Movie SYNCS: http://www.moviessynced.com/ http://www.ingsoc.com/waters/info/oz.html vague predictions: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Postdiction http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cold_reading Disney World coincidence: http://www.insidethemagic.net/2010/06/voutsinas-relive-disney-magic-by-recreating-now-famous-childhood-photo/ Kennedy and Lincoln coincidences: lightning coincidence: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/statistician-david-j-hand-shows-how-the-seemingly-improbable-becomes-a-sure-thing/ Spooky coincidences contest: http://www.csicop.org/si/show/coincidences_remarkable_or_random/ Littlewood’s Law: http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Littlewood's_law http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2004/mar/25/one-in-a-million/

Where Do Deleted Files Go?

Follow Michael Stevens for neat things every day! http://www.Twitter.com/tweetsauce LINKS AND SOURCES BELOW MUSIC BY: http://www.YouTube.com/JakeChudnow final song is "Midnight Sound" by Gareth Johnson / David O'Brien from: http://www.audionetwork.com Lost silent films: http://www.silentera.com/lost/index.html Wonders of the Ancient World: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seven_Wonders_of_the_Ancient_World What have we lost forever? http://ask.metafilter.com/80517/What-have-we-lost-forever http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lost_history snapchat: http://www.snapchat.com/ Lenin and Trotsky doctored photos: http://www.tc.umn.edu/~hick0088/classes/csci_2101/false.html Archived person-removal-service site: http://web.archive.org/web/20060212134125/http://www.digital-restoration.com/unwanted.asp Google Ngram tool: http://books.google.com/ngrams links to info about digital file deletion: http://www.reddit.com/r/YouShouldKnow/comments/1e4p7g/ysk_how_deletion_works_on_a_computer_and_why/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Data_erasure http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bad_sector http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Secure_erasure Melanie Willhide glitched photos (NSFW): http://www.slate.com/blogs/behold/2013/01/09/melanie_willhide_to_adrian_rodriguez_with_love_photos.html Electronic waste dumps in Africa: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agbogbloshie Paper-shredding: http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/explainer/2009/07/unshreddable.html UNSHREDDER: http://www.unshredder.com/www/407/1001127/default.asp Iranian reassembly of documents: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-16036967 HEAT DEATH: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heat_death_of_the_universe HEAT DEATH button on etsy: http://www.etsy.com/listing/58392676/ask-me-about-the-heat-death-of-the entropy: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entropy "The Last Question" by Issac Assimov: http://www.thrivenotes.com/the-last-question/ bleached flags on moon: http://www.hq.nasa.gov/alsj/ApolloFlags-Condition.html

Is Anything Real?

UNANSWERED QUESTIONS MEGA-COLLAB: http://youtu.be/UFydagCS9fg Follow me: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce LINKS/SOURCES: music by: http://www.youtube.com/user/jakechudnow/ song at end: "Pious Reflection" by Paul Mottram downloaded from http://www.audionetwork.com/ it's on YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1kszd5IGq_k Human senses: http://science.howstuffworks.com/life/question242.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sense Color illusion: http://loriputnampaints.blogspot.com.es/2010_03_01_archive.html Audio illusion: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u9VMfdG873E temperature illusion: http://exs.exploratorium.edu/exhibits/hot-and-cold/ Tactile illusions: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tactile_illusion epistemology wiki pages: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epistomology http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Knowledge http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theory_of_justification proof: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proof_(truth) http://thesaurus.com/browse/proof a priori truth [pdf]: http://consequently.org/papers/apriori.pdf http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_priori_and_a_posteriori_(philosophy) rotating brain gif: http://lcni.uoregon.edu/~dow/Space_software/Space_animations/rotating_brain.gif neuroscience of memory: http://www.sciencemag.org/content/309/5731/92.full http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neuroanatomy_of_memory http://www.extremetech.com/extreme/123485-mit-discovers-the-location-of-memories-individual-neurons http://www.brainfacts.org/sensing-thinking-behaving/learning-and-memory/articles/2012/storing-memories/ LTP: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pwp5sfsy-hI http://www.expertsmind.com/topic/neuroscience/long-term-potentiation-93811.aspx engrams: http://brainsandcognition.wordpress.com/2011/05/25/the-ever-elusive-engram/ storage of human brain: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=what-is-the-memory-capacity SKYentists: https://twitter.com/nice_mustard/status/339767730230157312 philosophy of science: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constructivist_epistemology The Matrix defense: http://www.boston.com/news/globe/ideas/articles/2003/11/09/the_matrix_defense/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Matrix_defense solipsism: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solipsism http://philosophynow.org/issues/57/How_Can_I_Know_Anything_At_All http://onlinephilosophyclub.com/forums/viewtopic.php?f=2&t=10 Martin Gardner books: http://bit.ly/19CvvoG http://amzn.to/Zou74W why cats like keyboards: http://kotaku.com/5991046/why-cats-love-sitting-on-keyboards

How People Disappear

Follow Michael Stevens: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce Sources and MORE stories below! Target story: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/19/magazine/shopping-habits.html?pagewanted=1&_r=3&hp& World population clock: http://www.worldometers.info/world-population/ How to disappear: http://lifehacker.com/5676149/how-to-ditch-big-brother-and-disappear-forever http://amzn.com/1599219778 http://www.jamesaltucher.com/2012/03/how-to-disappear-completely-and-never-be-found/ DOCUMENTARIES: "A Certain Kind of Death": http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ErooOhzE268 The Imposter: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1966604/ various articles about disappearences: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-19360824 http://www.cracked.com/article_19765_the-5-creepiest-disappearances-that-nobody-can-explain_p2.html http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/2253/what-happens-when-someone-legally-dead-shows-up-alive http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-glasgow-west-22955884 http://en.zaginieni.pl/why-do-people-go-missing http://www.npr.org/2013/05/07/182000622/majority-of-missing-persons-cases-are-resolved http://www.trutv.com/library/crime/criminal_mind/forensics/americas_missing/2.html http://www.npr.org/2013/08/08/209873419/laid-to-rest-a-proper-burial-for-the-poor Venus transit: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/sunearth/multimedia/venus-transit-2012.html Steve Jobs premature obit: http://gawker.com/5042795/steve-jobss-obituary-as-run-by-bloomberg CNN premature obits: http://www.thesmokinggun.com/file/cnns-premature-obituaries?page=0 Other premature obits: http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/explainer/2009/08/early_deadlines.html http://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/shortcuts/2013/apr/19/george-soros-buried-alive-premature-obituaries http://listverse.com/2011/11/07/top-10-bizarre-premature-obituaries/ Britney Spears obit rumor: http://www.today.com/id/22727961/ns/today-today_entertainment/t/magazine-says-ap-working-britney-obit/#.UkMAmmQa-rm Woman eaten by her own cats: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2391223/Janet-Veal-56-gnawed-eaten-CATS-kitchen-floor-died.html Woman not checked on for three years: http://www.theguardian.com/film/2011/oct/09/joyce-vincent-death-mystery-documentary Oklahoma story: http://www.nytimes.com/1997/05/23/us/mcveigh-defense-team-suggests-real-bomber-was-killed-in-blast.html?sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all Whitney Cerak and Laura Van Ryn: http://www.today.com/video/today/47502657#53101428 Canary island twins separated at birth: http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424053111904140604576496092267537366.html http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/twofold/201306/the-switched-birth-twins-the-canary-island http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20158315 Babies switched at birth: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Babies_switched_at_birth missing missing: http://www.outpostforhope.org/kids-off-the-grid.html Earth orbiting black hole gif: http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-EAl9rjYZuas/UbTDvSewF8I/AAAAAAAAR2M/B8E5z3cUofs/s640/lensearth_640x480.gif on wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Declared_death_in_absentia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_premature_obituaries http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Faked_death http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unreported_missing http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Unidentified_murder_victims David Wong's article about what you have to look forward to: http://www.cracked.com/article_15658_the-ten-minute-suicide-guide.html *********MUSIC******** http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow and http://www.audionetwork.com "Giving It My All" by Max Brodie "Conversation 2" by Bob...

What Will We Miss?

Follow Michael Stevens for MORE: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce LINKS AND SOURCES BELOW When was I conceived? http://www.whenwasiconceived.com Another conception calculator if the above link is down: http://www.paulsadowski.com/Birthday.asp (you can also Google "conception calculator" and find a bunch) Birthday star calculator: http://outreach.jach.hawaii.edu/birthstars/year.php 6009: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/7th_millennium Zeitpyramide / Time Pyramid: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time_pyramid Time Pyramid today VIDEO: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8ggB7HQyRZ8 Chernobyl: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chernobyl_Exclusion_Zone Awesome Kraftwerk preformance of "Radioactivity": http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0EBTn_3DBYo Supernova viewed from Earth simulation VIDEO: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dtWeH4-Ugy4 Betelgeuse: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Betelgeuse Eta Carinae: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eta_Carinae Andromeda and Milky Way collision: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/hubble/science/milky-way-collide.html http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/releases/2012/20/image/c/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andromeda%E2%80%93Milky_Way_collision FOMO (Fear Of Missing Out): http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/10/business/10ping.html?src=recg&_r=0 http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2011/04/14/fomo-addiction-the-fear-of-missing-out/ Fate of Niagara Falls, Mt. Rushmore, and total solar eclipses: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_far_future Saturn's rings in the future: http://www.bobthealien.co.uk/satring.htm a photon's path out of the sun: http://www.astro.cornell.edu/share/sharvari/websiteV7/Etransport.htm Troxler's Fading: http://www.zmescience.com/other/offbeat-other/troxler-effect-08112011/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Troxler's_fading MUSIC BY Jake Chudnow: http://www.youtube.com/jakechudnow and http://www.audionetwork.com/

The Science of the Friend Zone

Subscribe to Vsauce and follow @tweetsauce for knowledge points! MUSIC BY: https://soundcloud.com/jakechudnow Wild Sex episode: http://bit.ly/VNLpGl My episode about how much money love is worth: http://bit.ly/UO91ZJ Can guys and girls just be friends? VIDEO: http://bit.ly/UO8R4H Jenna Marbles on "nice guys" [NSFW language]: http://bit.ly/UOdpIa FRIENDS episode about the Friend's zone: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0583579/ Clip of friend zone moment on FRIENDS: http://bit.ly/10iUITd Know Your Meme on the friend zone: http://knowyourmeme.com/photos/241341-friendzone Limerence: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Limerence Bateman's Principle: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bateman's_principle Assortative mating: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assortative_mating Homogamy: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homogamy_(sociology) Marshall Fine description of the friend zone: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/marshall-fine/huffpost-review-ijust-wri_b_569896.html Scarcity principle and attraction: http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-attraction-doctor/201204/does-playing-hard-get-make-you-fall-in-love Escaping the friend zone (includes Ben Franklin effect): http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-attraction-doctor/201112/escape-the-friend-zone-friend-girlfriend-or-boyfriend Good article on other reasons we desire what we can't have: http://arabia.msn.com/lifestyle/valentine/16491/why-men-want-women-they-cant-have/ BOWLING ALONE book: http://bowlingalone.com/ Sad article about...

What is Déjà vu?

Learn more: music by Jake Chudnow: http://www.soundcloud.com/JakeChudnow Great article about constant Deja vu: http://www.nytimes.com/2006/07/02/magazine/02dejavu.html?pagewanted=all Blindsight obstacle course: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GwGmWqX0MnM Blindsight (science channel) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GwQe_FH1i1w: Blindsight article: http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/23/health/23blin.html Excellent blindsight demonstration for people who aren't blind: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R4SYxTecL8E Hypnagogic Jerk: http://www.sleep.com/content/hypnic-jerk Hypnosis causing deja vu: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.2044-8295.1941.tb01008.x/abstract?systemMessage=Wiley+Online+Library+will+be+disrupted+5+Nov+from+10-12+GMT+for+monthly+maintenance

Why Are Bad Words Bad?

Follow Michael Stevens for more: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce EXTRA INFO & LINKS BELOW! Music by http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow Marchex Institute study: http://blog.marchex.com/2013/05/15/marchex-data-reveals-ohioans-curse-the-most-in-the-country-washingtonians-the-least/ Canada's most vulgar city: http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2012/01/23/canadas-most-vulgar-city_n_1224323.html "Bad" etymology: http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=bad "Grawlixes": http://www.fastcodesign.com/1673017/quimps-plewds-and-grawlixes-the-secret-language-of-comic-strips Mort Walker - The Lexicon of Comicana: http://www.amazon.co.uk/The-Lexicon-Comicana-Mort-Walker/dp/059508902X First use of grawlixes: http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=2457 Slate's Lexicon Valley: "A Brief History of Swearing": http://www.slate.com/articles/podcasts/lexicon_valley/2013/06/lexicon_valley_on_profanity_and_obscenity_with_holy_shit_a_brief_history.html 1 Kilohertz censor beep: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bleep_censor Steven Pinker lecture: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5S1d3cNge24 Swearing history: http://www.salon.com/2013/05/11/the_modern_history_of_swearing_where_all_the_dirtiest_words_come_from/ remembering taboo words: http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?rep=rep1&type=pdf&doi=10.1.1.217.220 Swearing in the brain: http://blog.scienceinsociety.northwestern.edu/2013/02/a-special-place-in-the-brain-for-swearing/ http://www.howstuffworks.com/swearing4.htm no words should be banned? http://bigthink.com/against-the-new-taboo/no-words-should-be-banned Mythbusters' Swearing Test: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pp5hNhHp3Ew Coprolalia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coprolalia Lalochezia: http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/lalochezia 7 dirty words: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seven_dirty_words Swearing is changing: http://www.thetakeaway.org/story/305603-swearing-changing-and-s-good-thing/ http://www.slate.com/articles/life/the_good_word/2013/07/swear_words_old_and_new_sexual_and_religious_profanity_giving_way_to_sociological.html Swearing in the future: http://io9.com/http-0-media-cdn-foolz-us-ffuuka-board-tg-image-1374-1463056139 Swearing behaviour on Twitter: http://www.business2community.com/infographics/swearing-behavior-twitter-comedic-value-big-data-infographic-0616586 McKay Hatch - The No Cussing Club: http://nocussing.com/ N.W.A. F*ck Tha Police: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h2YgZX9Thm0

The Science of Awkwardness

awkward......... Sources and extra links below! me on twitter: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce me on instagram: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants music by http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow Embarrassment and prosociality: http://ist-socrates.berkeley.edu/~keltner/publications/FeinbergWillerKeltner2012.pdf Empathetic Embarrassment: http://www.npr.org/2014/07/19/332760081/the-opposite-of-schadenfreude-vicarious-embarrassment http://healthland.time.com/2011/05/05/why-your-embarassment-causes-me-so-much-pain/ Cringe subreddit: http://www.reddit.com/r/cringe awkward hug gifs: http://giphy.com/search/awkward-hug Embarrassment: http://www.apa.org/monitor/2012/11/embarrassment.aspx The Dictionary of Obscure Sorrows: http://www.dictionaryofobscuresorrows.com The Dictionary of Obscure Sorrows (on YouTube): https://www.youtube.com/user/obscuresorrows “Why Are We Morbidly Curious?” (related Vsauce video): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZbdMMI6ty0o social rejection and physical pain: http://www.pnas.org/content/108/15/6270.full Social awkwardness and genetics: http://news.sciencemag.org/social-sciences/2009/11/socially-awkward-check-your-genes http://www.snpedia.com/index.php/Rs53576 Psychology experiments that test the breaking of social norms are called “breaching experiments”: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breaching_experiment Stage Fright: http://business.uni.edu/buscomm/Presentations/stagefright.html Oxytocin: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oxytocin http://www.psyneuen-journal.com/article/S0306-4530(13)00211-4/abstract?cc=y Oxytocin and fear/anxiety: http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-07/nu-tlh072213.php negativity bias: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Negativity_bias more negative emotions than positive: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3156001/ https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/in-the-name-love/201007/are-negative-emotions-more-important-positive-emotions Eleanor Roosevelt quote: http://www.goodreads.com/quotes/26110-you-wouldn-t-worry-so-much-about-what-others-think-of “in you 20s and 30s…” quote: http://www.ihhp.com/equotes/ The Dictionary of Obscure Sorrows: http://www.dictionaryofobscuresorrows.com The Dictionary of Obscure Sorrows (on YouTube): https://www.youtube.com/user/obscuresorrows “sonder” gif: http://i.imgur.com/zxBZ0vF.gif

Are We Ready For Aliens?

FOLLOW MICHAEL STEVENS: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce **Big thanks to Antonius from AVbyte for helping with audio! His channel is great: http://www.youtube.com/avbyte ** My video about space travel and the Fermi Paradox and Drake equation: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lD08CuUi_Ek What to do if you meet an alien: https://twitter.com/tweetsauce/status/355046441888120832 UN Office of Outer Space Affaris: http://www.oosa.unvienna.org/oosa/COPUOS/copuos.html Galileo and forward contamination: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galileo_(spacecraft)#End_of_mission_and_deorbit SETI declaration: http://www.seti.org/post-detection.html Royal Society on post-detection policies: http://www.nbcnews.com/id/39675346/ns/technology_and_science/t/what-do-if-we-find-extraterrestrial-life/#.Ud2-q2Qa-rl Mazlan Othman denies Earth/Alien ambassadorship: http://www.aolnews.com/2010/09/27/mazland-othman-is-not-earths-alien-ambassador-after-all/ Paul Davies as Earth/Alien ambassador: http://www.guardian.co.uk/global/2010/mar/06/paul-davies-aliens-welcome-jon-ronson RIO SCALE: http://www.setileague.org/iaaseti/rioscale.htm RIO SCALE CALCULATOR: http://www.setileague.org/iaaseti/riocalc.htm RIO SCALE applied to movies and real life: http://www.setileague.org/iaaseti/abst2002/rio2002.pdf face on mars: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cydonia_(region_of_Mars) See SETI data live! http://setilive.org/ Help SETI process data with your own computer! http://setiathome.berkeley.edu/ SETI and first contact steps: http://www.space.com/2750-contact-signal.html Apollo Quarantine: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollo_11#Splashdown_and_quarantine Outer...

INSIDE a Spherical Mirror

FOLLOW MICHAEL STEVENS: http://www.Twitter.com/tweetsauce LINKS AND SOURCES BELOW Vsauce3 -- What Does Star Wars Look Like?: http://youtu.be/Jq-NnQmI_2c Vsauce2 -- Star Wars LÜT! http://bit.ly/14drXDc Science Friction episode on Star Wars in real life: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q_Ubscwbs9E Richard Feynman talks about how mirrors 'reverse' things: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=msN87y-iEx0 Mirror etymology: http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=mirror Infinity mirror room: http://www.thisiscolossal.com/2013/02/swing-to-infinity-inside-thilo-franks-mirrored-room/ Japanese TV show uses a REAL mirrored sphere 'room': http://bit.ly/13VrbeR Spherical Mirror links: http://www.thescienceforum.com/physics/29962-what-would-one-see-inside-reflective-sphere.html http://www.thescienceforum.com/general-discussion/31292-how-reflection-look-like-inside-big-mirror-ball.html http://forums.randi.org/showthread.php?t=144486 Love / Hate shirt: http://uptoyoutoronto.com/storemaker/images/PB140039.JPG Why mirrors don't reverse up and down as well: http://io9.com/5971306/why-do-mirrors-reverse-left-and-right-but-not-top-and-bottom Curved mirror mug trick: http://www.grand-illusions.com/acatalog/Mirror-Mug-458.html mere-exposure effect: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mere-exposure_effect NPR RadioLab on reflections: http://www.radiolab.org/2011/apr/18/mirror-mirror/ Your image's size on a mirror: http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/22/science/22angi.html?pagewanted=all http://psychsciencenotes.blogspot.com/2011/08/mirrors-are-literally-windows-to.html http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010027704002100 ******* Music by Jake Chudnow: http://www.YouTube.com/JakeChudnow

m͏̺͓̲̥̪í͇͔̠ś̷͎̹̲̻̻̘̝t̞̖͍͚̤k̥̞à̸͕̮͍͉̹̰͚̰ẹ̶̢̪s͏̨͈̙̹̜͚̲ ̛̬͓͟

LINKS AND SOURCES BELOW First and last songs by Zach McCoy CHECK HIM OUT: https://zachmccoy.bandcamp.com/ Zach McCoy on YouTube: http://youtu.be/L5QONwu_grc http://youtu.be/BAHYLTbMNuw other music by http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow FOLLOW Michael Stevens: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce Ze Frank video on trees and carvings: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tkKOijiatLo Silent-K: https://web.archive.org/web/20130709182638/http://www.randomhouse.com/wotd/index.pperl?date=19980514 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silent_k http://www.antimoon.com/forum/2004/5133.htm Warren G's "What's Next": 2:44: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8YrW5vChJec "What's Next" lyrics: http://rapgenius.com/Warren-g-whats-next-lyrics Science and mistakes and correctness: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pessimistic_induction Buffalo Springfield's "For What It's Worth": http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DIoKr9VDg3A "Hey Jude": http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t5c-LVYnafg BEATLES ANOMALIES site: http://wgo.signal11.org.uk/wgo.htm prayer book and calculus: https://www.sciencenews.org/article/prayer-archimedes San Diego fire: http://legacy.utsandiego.com/news/fires/20040118-9999_1n18hunter.html http://interwork.sdsu.edu/fire/photo_gallery/BackCountryPhotos.htm http://www.businessinsider.com/worst-mistakes-in-history-2011-4#a-hunter-starts-the-biggest-fire-in-california-history-7 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cedar_Fire Mars Climate Orbiter: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mars_Climate_Orbiter moon landing footage: http://www.honeysucklecreek.net/Apollo_11/tapes/Apollo_11_TV_Tapes_Report.pdf Henry Tandy: http://rememberwhen.gazettelive.co.uk/2010/08/how-a-green-howard-nearly-shot.html http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/british-soldier-allegedly-spares-the-life-of-an-injured-adolf-hitler The science of leaves: http://www.fs.fed.us/fallcolors/2013/science.shtml http://news.nationalgeographic.co.uk/news/2004/10/1005_041008_fallfoliage_2.html http://mnl.maizegdb.org/mnl/78/19habben.html accidents: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_accidents_and_disasters_by_death_toll

What If Everyone JUMPED At Once?

Follow Michael Stevens http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce Tell Geek and Sundry that Vsauce says "hi!" and SUB!: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6-Wef0694aY http://www.Facebook.com/VsauceGaming music courtesy of http://www.SoundCloud.com/JakeChudnow Thanks to: http://www.youtube.com/phoenixsaintly and http://www.youtube.com/theINENIvlogs For helping me with this video at Summer in the City!! theINENIvlogs behind the scenes Summer in the City vid with me: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F_Rd35906MQ Why videos views freeze in the 300s on YouTube (sub to this channel FTW, seriously): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oIkhgagvrjI Japan Earthquake and Earth's rotation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2011_T%C5%8Dhoku_earthquake_and_tsunami#Geophysical_effects All people in one place LIVING: http://persquaremile.com/2011/01/18/if-the-worlds-population-lived-in-one-city/ shoulder-to-shoulder: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2011/10/111031-population-7-billion-earth-world-un-seven/ BBC Jump Video: http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/if-the-whole-world-jumped-at-the-same-time-would-the-planet-move/13428.html SCALE OF UNIVERSE AWESOME: http://htwins.net/scale2/ STRAIGHTDOPE article on a jump: http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/142/if-all-chinese-jumped-at-once-would-cataclysm-result Dot Physics on the jump: http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2010/08/what-if-everyone-jumped/ Interactive scale of the universe: http://scaleofuniverse.com/ Decimate: http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=decimate&searchmode=none Dunbar's Number: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dunbar's_number NPR story on Dunbar's number: http://www.npr.org/2011/06/04/136723316/dont-believe-facebook-you-only-have-150-friends Life Expectency: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Life_expectancy How many people...

Why Do We Dream?

Leanback and IMG! later this week! LINKS TO LEARN: Smarter Every Day: http://www.youtube.com/destinws2 How to Lucid Dream: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=llw717IARpQ Whatswhat reviews my beard and other stuff: http://ow.ly/700ES ALL music by Jake Chudnow: http://soundcloud.com/jakechudnow **SLEEP STUFF** Good general sleep info: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sleep Sleep facts: http://www.abc.net.au/science/sleep/facts.htm REM sleep: http://www.why-we-dream.com/remstate.htm Old video about REM sleep: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CzoU0_sgip4 Lucid Dreaming on the Discovery Channel: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ASf55cov5F8 Quick info in different dream theories: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dream#The_Neurobiology_of_dreaming Incredible documentary on a fatal disease that keeps you from sleeping: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nIeTVVAEFn8

If

http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce Euronews Knowledge channel: http://www.youtube.com/user/euronewsknowledge LINKS BELOW! Music by: http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow Vega rocket launch: http://www.euronews.com/2013/05/07/european-rocket-lifts-off-from-french-guiana/ Live wind map: http://hint.fm/wind/ CARPE DIEM tool: http://theblog.de/projects/carpediem/ Solar Scope: http://www.solarsystemscope.com/ Double pendulum gif: http://25.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_loshhy8REd1qfg7o3o1_400.gif "Death By Black Hole" book: http://www.amazon.co.uk/Death-Black-Hole-Cosmic-Quandaries/dp/0393330168 Voyager retrospective [video]: http://archive.org/details/voyager-a_retrospective_1990 Butterfly Effect paper [PDF}: http://eaps4.mit.edu/research/Lorenz/Butterfly_1972.pdf Reynaldo Dagsa: http://petapixel.com/2011/01/04/politician-accidentally-captures-his-own-assassin-on-camera/ Great historical "what is?" subreddit: http://www.reddit.com/r/HistoricalWhatIf An ENTIRE collection of EAS messages [VIDEOS]: https://www.youtube.com/user/theEASexperience Emergency Alert System: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emergency_Alert_System EAS text-to-speech voices: http://www.nws.noaa.gov/nwr/newvoice.htm NORAD: http://science.howstuffworks.com/norad.htm NORAD [official]: http://www.norad.mil/ Seed Vault: http://www.regjeringen.no/en/dep/lmd/campain/svalbard-global-seed-vault.html?id=462220 Moscow Cosmonaut museum: http://www.moscow.info/museums/cosmonautics-memorial-museum.aspx Krechet-94 suit: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krechet-94 Soviet space dogs: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_space_dogs Laika: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laika William Safire talks about moon disaster speech: http://watergate.info/1969/07/20/an-undelivered-nixon-speech.html Read full moon disaster speech: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2193732/President-Nixon-The-moving-speech-delivered-Apollo-11-astronauts-return.html More speeches that were never given: http://www.cracked.com/article_19553_6-terrifying-real-speeches-that-were-thankfully-never-given.html Satellites: ESTCube-1 (electric solar sail test): http://www.estcube.eu Proba-V: http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Technology/Proba_Missions/About_Proba-V VNREDSAT-1: http://www.astrium.eads.net/en/programme/vnredsat-1.html For when you need it: http://i.minus.com/izyuqbwYKNQEG.gif

How Big Can a Person Get?

Click to subscribe to Vsauce: http://bit.ly/POIaN7 Check out Veritasium's channel: http://bit.ly/YY7KDe LINKS and SOURCES below. Follow me on twitter! http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce Music by Jake Chudnow http://www.soundcloud.com/jakechudnow http://www.youtube.com/jakechudnow Veritasium video on single photons and frog eyes: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cztocbHiiqQ British Pathe Robert Wadlow video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5McWw03Ryrs Earth Unplugged channel: http://www.youtube.com/user/EarthUnpluggedTV AsapScience Moon Illusion video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=49RztN4Bqu0 interactive DNA model: http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/begin/dna/builddna/ Igor Vovkovinsky: http://www.thetallestman.com/igorvovkovinskiy.htm Sultan Kösen: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sultan_K%C3%B6sen Robert Wadlow: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Wadlow André the Giant: http://twentytwowords.com/2012/01/26/andre-the-giant-holding-a-can-of-beer/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andr%C3%A9_the_Giant tallest woman: http://www.thetallestman.com/zengjinlian.htm human height: http://io9.com/5789332/in-search-of-the-worlds-tallest-human http://erinjenne.blogspot.co.uk/2011_02_01_archive.html http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:lL-vNccMG8MJ:www.naturalheightgrowth.com/2012/09/20/what-is-the-tallest-theoretical-height-of-the-human-species/+&cd=3&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=uk Genetic manipulation of height: http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2004/04/11/1081621836499.html Square-cube law: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Square-cube_law Largest dinosaurs: http://www.walkingwithdinosaurs.com/news/editorial/biggest-dinosaurs-amphicoelias-bruhathkayosaurus/1/ Giraffatitan: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giraffatitan Bruhathkayosaurus: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bruhathkayosaurus http://smart-pustaka.blogspot.co.uk/2011/09/bruhathkayosaurus-matleyi.html Blue Whale: Mars and Earth comparrison: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/93/Mars_Earth_Comparison_2.jpg Mars-born people being taller: http://www.lifeslittlemysteries.com/1160-would-humans-born-on-mars-grow-taller-than-earthlings-.html biology of body size and shape: http://dinosaurtheory.com/scaling.html http://fathom.lib.uchicago.edu/2/21701757/ http://galileoandeinstein.physics.virginia.edu/lectures/scaling.html http://supersonicman.wordpress.com/2011/11/13/the-square-cube-law-all-animals-jump-the-same-height/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allometry Guy Murche book: http://www.amazon.com/The-Seven-Mysteries-Life-Murchie/dp/0395957915 Sound calculator: http://www.sengpielaudio.com/calculator-distancelaw.htm How far away is the horizon? http://mintaka.sdsu.edu/GF/explain/atmos_refr/horizon.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:How_far_away_is_the_horizon.png http://www.howitworksdaily.com/environment/what-is-the-maximum-distance-the-human-eye-can-see-if-unobstructed/ Angular size: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angular_diameter http://burro.astr.cwru.edu/Academics/Astr221/Light/parallax.html Anuglar size calculator: http://planetcalc.com/1897/ Smallest angular size naked eye...

How Hot Can It Get?

TEMPERATURES! Links to everything: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce http://www.facebook.com/VsauceGaming Thanks to http://www.youtube.com/minutephysics and http://www.youtube.com/user/phdcomics for their guidance on this video! All music (except for the classical in the beginning) by Jake Chudnow: http://www.soundcloud.com/JakeChudnow Human body temperature: http://antranik.org/regulation-of-body-temperature/ GreenPowerScience: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=svAPyyUJUCo wbeaty's videos: http://www.youtube.com/user/wbeaty/videos?view=0 sun and pinhead fact is from this book: http://www.amazon.com/The-Universe-Teacup-Mathematics-Beauty/dp/0151003238 PLASMA IN MICROWAVE inside my temperature leanback: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HVb7XzTbl2k&feature=BFa&list=PL5B111EE10D69CD6E Calculate wavelength based on temperature: http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/wien.html WR 104: http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/badastronomy/2008/03/03/wr-104-a-nearby-gamma-ray-burst/ These are great discussions of absolute hot if you want to read more: http://forums.xkcd.com/viewtopic.php?f=18&t=39799 http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-the-highest-possible-temperature.htm http://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=384571&page=2 http://www.thenakedscientists.com/forum/index.php?topic=9467.0 Temperature wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Temperature kugelblitz: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kugelblitz_(astrophysics) Are you brighter than the sun?: http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/badastronomy/2009/12/30/are-humans-brighter-then-the-sun/ BONUS: check out the Hagedorn temperature: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hagedorn_temperature ****Awesome Russian Guest Stars**** sashok74 http://www.youtube.com/user/sashok74 PolinaRepik http://www.youtube.com/user/PolinaRepik blushsupreme http://www.youtube.com/user/blushsupreme katsiaryna00 http://www.youtube.com/user/katsiaryna00 OnlyFightingRu http://www.youtube.com/user/OnlyFightingRu MWaytv http://www.youtube.com/user/MWaytv 10ELISS http://www.youtube.com/user/10ELISS KiselevSash http://www.youtube.com/user/KiselevSash NinaNonsimple http://www.youtube.com/user/NinaNonsimple pymathru http://www.youtube.com/user/pymathru energytima http://www.youtube.com/user/energytima And also negative ABSOLUTE temperatures: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20827893.500-how-to-create-temperatures-below-absolute-zero.html http://cryo.gsfc.nasa.gov/introduction/neg_Kelvin.html

Why Do We Wear Clothes?

CLICK HERE to follow us to Vsauce2 -- http://bit.ly/X8elqv Intro cameo by my 1 tru luv Hannah Hart: http://bit.ly/YzjPtU SOURCES: history of clothing: http://mbe.oxfordjournals.org/content/28/1/29.full Etymology of embarrassment: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Embarrassment#Etymology The fear of nudity: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gymnophobia SINA and other pranks: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J3xXys3n3xc Embarrassment: http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/intense-emotions-and-strong-feelings/201112/embarrassment Brain and embarrassment: http://psychcentral.com/news/2011/04/17/embarrassed-its-a-good-sign-of-brain-health-as-we-age/25399.html Embarrassment experiment: http://www.learningace.com/doc/835121/88601b906eca070a1bacdfc565863f4d/feinbergwillerkeltner2012 Embarrassment and trust: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/09/29/embarrass-trustworthy_n_987381.html Embarrassment and flirting [PDF]: http://greatergood.berkeley.edu/dacherkeltner/docs/keltner.anderson.darwin.2000.pdf Havelock Ellis "evolution of modesty": http://www.mirrorservice.org/sites/ftp.ibiblio.org/pub/docs/books/gutenberg/1/3/6/1/13610/13610.txt BBC article: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/magazine/7915369.stm Megapode: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Megapode Development of human babies: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Incidence_of_Monogamy#Evolution_in_animals Brain size and body size: http://brainmuseum.org/evolution/paleo/index.html EQ: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Encephalization_quotient VSAUCE TWITTER: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce MUSIC BY http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow VSAUCE FACEBOOK: http://www.facebook.com/VsauceGaming

What Is Consciousness?

LEANBACK IS HERE: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JoR0bMohcNo&list=PLE3048008DAA29B0A&feature=plpp_play_all Music courtesy of Jake Chudnow: http://www.soundcloud.com/jakechudnow TWITTER: @tweetsauce FACEBOOK: http://www.Facebook.com/VsauceGaming Learn more: Cleverbot: http://cleverbot.com/ Wikipedia on Consciousness: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consciousness Philosophical ZOMBIES: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/zombies/ NAMI on Anosognosia: http://www.nami.org/Content/NavigationMenu/Mental_Illnesses/Schizophrenia9/Anosognosia_Fact_Sheet.htm Information is Beautiful on Consciousness Theories: http://www.informationisbeautiful.net/play/what-is-consciousness/ Google Books: Awarenes of Deficit After Brain Injury": http://books.google.com/books?id=xze89PCLaWMC&lpg=PP1&pg=PA53#v=onepage&q&f=false "What is consciousness" conscious "what is identity" identity vsauce "Michael Stevens" brain neuroscience "other minds"

Why do we ask questions? Michael "Vsauce" Stevens at TEDxVienna

Michael Stevens the persona behind the YouTube sensation Vsauce, is an online personality with an entertaining approach to explaining the science behind seemingly ordinary, everyday phenomena. Michael's videos have been watched over 400 million times and Vsauce's 4.5 million subscribers continues to add an astonishing 15 thousand subscribers each day. Michael lives in London where he works for Google as an in-house consultant for other creators on the platform. YouTube Channel: http://www.youtube.com/Vsauce/ http://www.tedxvienna.at/ http://www.facebook.com/tedxvienna November 2, 2013 at Volkstheater Wien, Vienna, Austria. In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a...

Names

FOLLOW MICHAEL STEVENS ON TWITTER: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce FOLLOW ON INSTAGRAM: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants Kevin is VSAUCE2: http://www.youtube.com/Vsauce2 music by: http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow Top 1000 US first names over time INTERACTIVE: http://www.babynamewizard.com/voyager surname geographical distribution INTERACTIVE: http://www.worldnames.publicprofiler.org Dolphins using names: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2006/05/060508_dolphins.html Mental Floss VIDEO: things you didn't know had names: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-xJQyj8dSCg US ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Child: http://www.unicefusa.org/campaigns/public-policy-advocacy/the-convention-on-the-rights.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/US_ratification_of_the_Convention_on_the_Rights_of_the_Child Freakonomics "How Much Does Your Name Matter?": http://freakonomics.com/2013/04/08/how-much-does-your-name-matter-a-new-freakonomics-radio-podcast/ Story of two children named "Winner" and "Loser": http://www.sahio.com/the-story-of-two-brothers-named-winner-and-loser/ auto-antonyms: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contronym Most common surnames: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_most_common_surnames LONGEST NAME: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wolfe+585,_Senior Adolf Hitler Campbell: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/05/31/adolf-hitler-campbell-custody-battle-nazi-names-new-jersey_n_1561046.html endonym vs. exonym: http://mentalfloss.com/article/30810/why-are-there-different-names-same-country name laws: http://nation.time.com/2013/08/12/from-messiah-to-hitler-what-you-can-and-cannot-name-your-child/ http://mentalfloss.com/article/25034/8-countries-fascinating-baby-naming-laws Dads_Secret tweet: https://twitter.com/Dads_Secret/status/340242560503128064 Legally mononymous people: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_legally_mononymous_people Name-letter Effect: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Name%E2%80%93letter_effect Quirkology: http://www.quirkology.com/UK/ Quirology on names: http://www.quirkology.com/UK/Experiment_surname.shtml US State denonyms: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/GPO-STYLEMANUAL-2008/pdf/GPO-STYLEMANUAL-2008-7.pdf New Zealand name laws: http://news.nationalpost.com/2013/05/02/new-zealand-reveals-a-list-of-banned-baby-names-4real-was-one-of-them/ "hierarchy of disagreement": http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Graham_(computer_programmer)

Why Do We Kiss?

The scientific study of kissing is "philematology" Follow Michael Stevens: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce Sources and links to learn more: Kissing facts: http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/let-their-words-do-the-talking/201212/odd-facts-about-kissing Longest kiss: http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/records-1/longest-kiss/ general info on kissing: http://anthropology.net/2007/03/09/why-do-we-kiss/ http://intro2psych.wordpress.com/2009/05/13/the-evolution-of-a-kiss/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kiss birds kissing ("billing"): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beak#Billing http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kiss kiss researcher interview [video]: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mun5nXXy6II pac man's shape: http://pacmanmuseum.com/history/Toru-Iwatani.php premastication: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Premastication http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Courtship_feeding Alicia Silverstone premastication video: http://youtu.be/c6tEKLT5G2M history of baby food: http://www.foodtimeline.org/foodbaby.html old baby food instructions: http://digital.lib.msu.edu/projects/cookbooks/display.cfm?ID=ldnw&PageNum=437 infant vision: http://www.aoa.org/x9420.xml Pareidolia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pareidolia Being watched: http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-narcissus-in-all-us/201102/how-you-know-eyes-are-watching-you Scopophobia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scopophobia Gaze papers: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960982213003321 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11322803 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10827445 psychic staring effect: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychic_staring_effect Harry Harlow [video]: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OrNBEhzjg8I Harry Harlow links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Harlow http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pit_of_despair http://bit.ly/16kj1Sw Hess ducklings: http://www.muskingum.edu/~psych/psycweb/history/hess.htm imprinting: http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/imprinting.aspx Attachment links: (TEXT BOOK scans) http://bit.ly/16kj1Sw http://psychology4a.com/attach%203.htm http://www.ibam.com/pubs/jbam/articles/vol12/no2/3%20-%20Baker%20and%20Carson.pdf description of puppy experiment: http://bit.ly/13K6XWr puppy experiment in Guy Murchie's book: http://bit.ly/11U5ih7 acceptance of uncertainty: http://www.clearlycultural.com/geert-hofstede-cultural-dimensions/uncertainty-avoidance-index/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hofstede's_cultural_dimensions_theory ***************** music by: http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow Vsauce on facebook: http://www.Facebook.com/VsauceGaming Euronews Knowledge channel: http://bit.ly/10JFu6L

Why Do We Clap?

Follow Michael Stevens: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce LINKS BELOW! All music by Jake Chudnow: http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow Really neat Grand Illusions video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C-IYQntl9C0 Grand Illusions (site): http://www.grand-illusions.com/ Loudest clap: http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/records-2000/loudest-clap/ Fastest clap: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z571ByeNbPQ WEsauce: http://www.youtube.com/wesauce My video on 'the friendzone': https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IGK2KprU-To Driftless Pony Club (band from concert footage): http://www.driftlessponyclub.com/ Driftless Pony Club (VidCon concert footage): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZrJ8X5epRaA clapping speed, clap frequency, and recognizing claps: http://web.haskins.yale.edu/Reprints/HL0585.pdf how "The Clapper" works: http://home.howstuffworks.com/clapper1.htm BPM counter: http://www.all8.com/tools/bpm.htm unpitched percussion instruments: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unpitched_percussion_instrument steven connor on clapping: http://www.stevenconnor.com/clapping/ resources on clapping: http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2013/03/a-brief-history-of-applause-the-big-data-of-the-ancient-world/274014/ http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/factual/clappers.shtml http://csjarchive.cogsci.rpi.edu/proceedings/2003/pdfs/310.pdf http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nonverbal_communication http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Applause http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/explainer/2006/05/where_do_hecklers_come_from.html?nav=tap3 sudden clarity: http://weknowmemes.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/when-you-clap-you-high-five-yourself.jpg crowd influence on applause: http://rsif.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/10/85/20130466.full claques: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claque "My Life in a Claque" New Yorker 1944 article: http://www.josephwechsberg.com/pdfs/1944/my_life_in_the_claque.pdf clapping and babies: http://www.livestrong.com/article/184570-baby-development-clapping/ cocooning links: http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cocooning http://www.usatoday.com/story/tech/personal/2013/02/15/internet-tv-super-cocoons/1880473/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cocooning lazy_joe_ tweet: https://twitter.com/lazy_joe_/status/351893787892649984 how many times has Vanna White clapped? http://www.omg-facts.com/Celebs/Wheel-Of-Fortunes-Vanna-White-Claps-More/27938