Why Do We Get Bored?
Why Do We Get Bored?
Why Do We Get Bored?

Why Do We Get Bored? - Vsauce

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Our World is Amazing. Questions? Ideas? Tweet me: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce Vsauce was created by Michael Stevens in the summer of 2010. Vsauce is... Michael Stevens: Producer/Host of Vsauce1 Kevin Lieber: Producer/Host of Vsauce2 Jake Roper: Producer/Host of Vsauce3 Eric Langlay: VFX for Vsauce1/2/3 You: Thanks for watching!!!

Video Related Why Do We Get Bored? - Vsauce

Why Do We Feel Nostalgia?

James and I talk more about music HERE: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z8zU7PyUrdU And EXTRAS here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8zzq_AFXxc4 FOLLOW ME: http://www.twitter.com/Tweetsauce MUSIC BY: James May (on piano on screen) & Jake Chudnow (not on screen): https://soundcloud.com/jakechudnow Feel some nostalgia: http://upchucky.org/TimeMachine.htm http://www.youtube.com/user/thepeterson Origin of "nostalgia" links: http://minnesota.publicradio.org/projects/2010/02/beyond-deployment/ptsd-timeline/index.shtml http://nihrecord.od.nih.gov/newsletters/2010/12_10_2010/story4.htm http://www.acrwebsite.org/search/view-conference-proceedings.aspx?Id=7580 "reminiscence bump": http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reminiscence_bump Lincoln poetry: http://www.potw.org/archive/potw325.html Lincoln assassination eye-witness [VIDEO]: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I_iq5yzJ-Dk Lincoln assassination eye-witness [NEWS ARTICLE]: http://bit.ly/TypCh5 Lincoln assassination eye-witness [WIKI]: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_J._Seymour Shall We Dance video with Lawrence Parsons: http://www.sciencenetworks.org/1524/shall-we-dance/ Other music+moving links: http://www.utsandiego.com/uniontrib/20071115/news_lz1c15brain.html http://www.news.harvard.edu/gazette/2001/03.22/04-music.html http://www.nytimes.com/2003/09/16/science/we-got-rhythm-the-mystery-is-how-and-why.html?sec=&spon=&pagewanted=print http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=experts-dance http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2009/dec/15/research-why-people-dance http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entrainment_(biomusicology) Earworm links: http://www.exploratorium.edu/music/questions/earworm.html http://science.howstuffworks.com/life/songs-stuck-in-head.htm Ironic Process Theory: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ironic_process_theory False memory paper: http://cdp.sagepub.com/content/14/6/321.short Longplayer: http://longplayer.org/what/overview.php Compression wave .gif: http://dev.physicslab.org/img/a271d8b5-4233-40fe-8623-8c873664996d.gif Great Alan Watts video animated by Trey Parker and Matt Stone: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JZbThJg6ehU

The Science of Awkwardness

awkward......... Sources and extra links below! me on twitter: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce me on instagram: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants music by http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow Embarrassment and prosociality: http://ist-socrates.berkeley.edu/~keltner/publications/FeinbergWillerKeltner2012.pdf Empathetic Embarrassment: http://www.npr.org/2014/07/19/332760081/the-opposite-of-schadenfreude-vicarious-embarrassment http://healthland.time.com/2011/05/05/why-your-embarassment-causes-me-so-much-pain/ Cringe subreddit: http://www.reddit.com/r/cringe awkward hug gifs: http://giphy.com/search/awkward-hug Embarrassment: http://www.apa.org/monitor/2012/11/embarrassment.aspx The Dictionary of Obscure Sorrows: http://www.dictionaryofobscuresorrows.com The Dictionary of Obscure Sorrows (on YouTube): https://www.youtube.com/user/obscuresorrows “Why Are We Morbidly Curious?” (related Vsauce video): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZbdMMI6ty0o social rejection and physical pain: http://www.pnas.org/content/108/15/6270.full Social awkwardness and genetics: http://news.sciencemag.org/social-sciences/2009/11/socially-awkward-check-your-genes http://www.snpedia.com/index.php/Rs53576 Psychology experiments that test the breaking of social norms are called “breaching experiments”: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breaching_experiment Stage Fright: http://business.uni.edu/buscomm/Presentations/stagefright.html Oxytocin: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oxytocin http://www.psyneuen-journal.com/article/S0306-4530(13)00211-4/abstract?cc=y Oxytocin and fear/anxiety: http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-07/nu-tlh072213.php negativity bias: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Negativity_bias more negative emotions than positive: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3156001/ https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/in-the-name-love/201007/are-negative-emotions-more-important-positive-emotions Eleanor Roosevelt quote: http://www.goodreads.com/quotes/26110-you-wouldn-t-worry-so-much-about-what-others-think-of “in you 20s and 30s…” quote: http://www.ihhp.com/equotes/ The Dictionary of Obscure Sorrows: http://www.dictionaryofobscuresorrows.com The Dictionary of Obscure Sorrows (on YouTube): https://www.youtube.com/user/obscuresorrows “sonder” gif: http://i.imgur.com/zxBZ0vF.gif

The Science of the Friend Zone

Subscribe to Vsauce and follow @tweetsauce for knowledge points! MUSIC BY: https://soundcloud.com/jakechudnow Wild Sex episode: http://bit.ly/VNLpGl My episode about how much money love is worth: http://bit.ly/UO91ZJ Can guys and girls just be friends? VIDEO: http://bit.ly/UO8R4H Jenna Marbles on "nice guys" [NSFW language]: http://bit.ly/UOdpIa FRIENDS episode about the Friend's zone: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0583579/ Clip of friend zone moment on FRIENDS: http://bit.ly/10iUITd Know Your Meme on the friend zone: http://knowyourmeme.com/photos/241341-friendzone Limerence: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Limerence Bateman's Principle: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bateman's_principle Assortative mating: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assortative_mating Homogamy: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homogamy_(sociology) Marshall Fine description of the friend zone: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/marshall-fine/huffpost-review-ijust-wri_b_569896.html Scarcity principle and attraction: http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-attraction-doctor/201204/does-playing-hard-get-make-you-fall-in-love Escaping the friend zone (includes Ben Franklin effect): http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-attraction-doctor/201112/escape-the-friend-zone-friend-girlfriend-or-boyfriend Good article on other reasons we desire what we can't have: http://arabia.msn.com/lifestyle/valentine/16491/why-men-want-women-they-cant-have/ BOWLING ALONE book: http://bowlingalone.com/ Sad article about...

Why Do We Clap?

Follow Michael Stevens: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce LINKS BELOW! All music by Jake Chudnow: http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow Really neat Grand Illusions video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C-IYQntl9C0 Grand Illusions (site): http://www.grand-illusions.com/ Loudest clap: http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/records-2000/loudest-clap/ Fastest clap: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z571ByeNbPQ WEsauce: http://www.youtube.com/wesauce My video on 'the friendzone': https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IGK2KprU-To Driftless Pony Club (band from concert footage): http://www.driftlessponyclub.com/ Driftless Pony Club (VidCon concert footage): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZrJ8X5epRaA clapping speed, clap frequency, and recognizing claps: http://web.haskins.yale.edu/Reprints/HL0585.pdf how "The Clapper" works: http://home.howstuffworks.com/clapper1.htm BPM counter: http://www.all8.com/tools/bpm.htm unpitched percussion instruments: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unpitched_percussion_instrument steven connor on clapping: http://www.stevenconnor.com/clapping/ resources on clapping: http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2013/03/a-brief-history-of-applause-the-big-data-of-the-ancient-world/274014/ http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/factual/clappers.shtml http://csjarchive.cogsci.rpi.edu/proceedings/2003/pdfs/310.pdf http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nonverbal_communication http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Applause http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/explainer/2006/05/where_do_hecklers_come_from.html?nav=tap3 sudden clarity: http://weknowmemes.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/when-you-clap-you-high-five-yourself.jpg crowd influence on applause: http://rsif.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/10/85/20130466.full claques: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claque "My Life in a Claque" New Yorker 1944 article: http://www.josephwechsberg.com/pdfs/1944/my_life_in_the_claque.pdf clapping and babies: http://www.livestrong.com/article/184570-baby-development-clapping/ cocooning links: http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cocooning http://www.usatoday.com/story/tech/personal/2013/02/15/internet-tv-super-cocoons/1880473/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cocooning lazy_joe_ tweet: https://twitter.com/lazy_joe_/status/351893787892649984 how many times has Vanna White clapped? http://www.omg-facts.com/Celebs/Wheel-Of-Fortunes-Vanna-White-Claps-More/27938

Is Anything Real?

UNANSWERED QUESTIONS MEGA-COLLAB: http://youtu.be/UFydagCS9fg Follow me: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce LINKS/SOURCES: music by: http://www.youtube.com/user/jakechudnow/ song at end: "Pious Reflection" by Paul Mottram downloaded from http://www.audionetwork.com/ it's on YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1kszd5IGq_k Human senses: http://science.howstuffworks.com/life/question242.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sense Color illusion: http://loriputnampaints.blogspot.com.es/2010_03_01_archive.html Audio illusion: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u9VMfdG873E temperature illusion: http://exs.exploratorium.edu/exhibits/hot-and-cold/ Tactile illusions: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tactile_illusion epistemology wiki pages: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epistomology http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Knowledge http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theory_of_justification proof: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proof_(truth) http://thesaurus.com/browse/proof a priori truth [pdf]: http://consequently.org/papers/apriori.pdf http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_priori_and_a_posteriori_(philosophy) rotating brain gif: http://lcni.uoregon.edu/~dow/Space_software/Space_animations/rotating_brain.gif neuroscience of memory: http://www.sciencemag.org/content/309/5731/92.full http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neuroanatomy_of_memory http://www.extremetech.com/extreme/123485-mit-discovers-the-location-of-memories-individual-neurons http://www.brainfacts.org/sensing-thinking-behaving/learning-and-memory/articles/2012/storing-memories/ LTP: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pwp5sfsy-hI http://www.expertsmind.com/topic/neuroscience/long-term-potentiation-93811.aspx engrams: http://brainsandcognition.wordpress.com/2011/05/25/the-ever-elusive-engram/ storage of human brain: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=what-is-the-memory-capacity SKYentists: https://twitter.com/nice_mustard/status/339767730230157312 philosophy of science: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constructivist_epistemology The Matrix defense: http://www.boston.com/news/globe/ideas/articles/2003/11/09/the_matrix_defense/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Matrix_defense solipsism: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solipsism http://philosophynow.org/issues/57/How_Can_I_Know_Anything_At_All http://onlinephilosophyclub.com/forums/viewtopic.php?f=2&t=10 Martin Gardner books: http://bit.ly/19CvvoG http://amzn.to/Zou74W why cats like keyboards: http://kotaku.com/5991046/why-cats-love-sitting-on-keyboards

What is Déjà vu?

Learn more: music by Jake Chudnow: http://www.soundcloud.com/JakeChudnow Great article about constant Deja vu: http://www.nytimes.com/2006/07/02/magazine/02dejavu.html?pagewanted=all Blindsight obstacle course: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GwGmWqX0MnM Blindsight (science channel) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GwQe_FH1i1w: Blindsight article: http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/23/health/23blin.html Excellent blindsight demonstration for people who aren't blind: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R4SYxTecL8E Hypnagogic Jerk: http://www.sleep.com/content/hypnic-jerk Hypnosis causing deja vu: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.2044-8295.1941.tb01008.x/abstract?systemMessage=Wiley+Online+Library+will+be+disrupted+5+Nov+from+10-12+GMT+for+monthly+maintenance

How People Disappear

Follow Michael Stevens: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce Sources and MORE stories below! Target story: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/19/magazine/shopping-habits.html?pagewanted=1&_r=3&hp& World population clock: http://www.worldometers.info/world-population/ How to disappear: http://lifehacker.com/5676149/how-to-ditch-big-brother-and-disappear-forever http://amzn.com/1599219778 http://www.jamesaltucher.com/2012/03/how-to-disappear-completely-and-never-be-found/ DOCUMENTARIES: "A Certain Kind of Death": http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ErooOhzE268 The Imposter: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1966604/ various articles about disappearences: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-19360824 http://www.cracked.com/article_19765_the-5-creepiest-disappearances-that-nobody-can-explain_p2.html http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/2253/what-happens-when-someone-legally-dead-shows-up-alive http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-glasgow-west-22955884 http://en.zaginieni.pl/why-do-people-go-missing http://www.npr.org/2013/05/07/182000622/majority-of-missing-persons-cases-are-resolved http://www.trutv.com/library/crime/criminal_mind/forensics/americas_missing/2.html http://www.npr.org/2013/08/08/209873419/laid-to-rest-a-proper-burial-for-the-poor Venus transit: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/sunearth/multimedia/venus-transit-2012.html Steve Jobs premature obit: http://gawker.com/5042795/steve-jobss-obituary-as-run-by-bloomberg CNN premature obits: http://www.thesmokinggun.com/file/cnns-premature-obituaries?page=0 Other premature obits: http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/explainer/2009/08/early_deadlines.html http://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/shortcuts/2013/apr/19/george-soros-buried-alive-premature-obituaries http://listverse.com/2011/11/07/top-10-bizarre-premature-obituaries/ Britney Spears obit rumor: http://www.today.com/id/22727961/ns/today-today_entertainment/t/magazine-says-ap-working-britney-obit/#.UkMAmmQa-rm Woman eaten by her own cats: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2391223/Janet-Veal-56-gnawed-eaten-CATS-kitchen-floor-died.html Woman not checked on for three years: http://www.theguardian.com/film/2011/oct/09/joyce-vincent-death-mystery-documentary Oklahoma story: http://www.nytimes.com/1997/05/23/us/mcveigh-defense-team-suggests-real-bomber-was-killed-in-blast.html?sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all Whitney Cerak and Laura Van Ryn: http://www.today.com/video/today/47502657#53101428 Canary island twins separated at birth: http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424053111904140604576496092267537366.html http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/twofold/201306/the-switched-birth-twins-the-canary-island http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20158315 Babies switched at birth: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Babies_switched_at_birth missing missing: http://www.outpostforhope.org/kids-off-the-grid.html Earth orbiting black hole gif: http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-EAl9rjYZuas/UbTDvSewF8I/AAAAAAAAR2M/B8E5z3cUofs/s640/lensearth_640x480.gif on wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Declared_death_in_absentia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_premature_obituaries http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Faked_death http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unreported_missing http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Unidentified_murder_victims David Wong's article about what you have to look forward to: http://www.cracked.com/article_15658_the-ten-minute-suicide-guide.html *********MUSIC******** http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow and http://www.audionetwork.com "Giving It My All" by Max Brodie "Conversation 2" by Bob...

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LINKS AND SOURCES BELOW First and last songs by Zach McCoy CHECK HIM OUT: https://zachmccoy.bandcamp.com/ Zach McCoy on YouTube: http://youtu.be/L5QONwu_grc http://youtu.be/BAHYLTbMNuw other music by http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow FOLLOW Michael Stevens: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce Ze Frank video on trees and carvings: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tkKOijiatLo Silent-K: https://web.archive.org/web/20130709182638/http://www.randomhouse.com/wotd/index.pperl?date=19980514 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silent_k http://www.antimoon.com/forum/2004/5133.htm Warren G's "What's Next": 2:44: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8YrW5vChJec "What's Next" lyrics: http://rapgenius.com/Warren-g-whats-next-lyrics Science and mistakes and correctness: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pessimistic_induction Buffalo Springfield's "For What It's Worth": http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DIoKr9VDg3A "Hey Jude": http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t5c-LVYnafg BEATLES ANOMALIES site: http://wgo.signal11.org.uk/wgo.htm prayer book and calculus: https://www.sciencenews.org/article/prayer-archimedes San Diego fire: http://legacy.utsandiego.com/news/fires/20040118-9999_1n18hunter.html http://interwork.sdsu.edu/fire/photo_gallery/BackCountryPhotos.htm http://www.businessinsider.com/worst-mistakes-in-history-2011-4#a-hunter-starts-the-biggest-fire-in-california-history-7 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cedar_Fire Mars Climate Orbiter: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mars_Climate_Orbiter moon landing footage: http://www.honeysucklecreek.net/Apollo_11/tapes/Apollo_11_TV_Tapes_Report.pdf Henry Tandy: http://rememberwhen.gazettelive.co.uk/2010/08/how-a-green-howard-nearly-shot.html http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/british-soldier-allegedly-spares-the-life-of-an-injured-adolf-hitler The science of leaves: http://www.fs.fed.us/fallcolors/2013/science.shtml http://news.nationalgeographic.co.uk/news/2004/10/1005_041008_fallfoliage_2.html http://mnl.maizegdb.org/mnl/78/19habben.html accidents: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_accidents_and_disasters_by_death_toll

Where Do Deleted Files Go?

Follow Michael Stevens for neat things every day! http://www.Twitter.com/tweetsauce LINKS AND SOURCES BELOW MUSIC BY: http://www.YouTube.com/JakeChudnow final song is "Midnight Sound" by Gareth Johnson / David O'Brien from: http://www.audionetwork.com Lost silent films: http://www.silentera.com/lost/index.html Wonders of the Ancient World: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seven_Wonders_of_the_Ancient_World What have we lost forever? http://ask.metafilter.com/80517/What-have-we-lost-forever http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lost_history snapchat: http://www.snapchat.com/ Lenin and Trotsky doctored photos: http://www.tc.umn.edu/~hick0088/classes/csci_2101/false.html Archived person-removal-service site: http://web.archive.org/web/20060212134125/http://www.digital-restoration.com/unwanted.asp Google Ngram tool: http://books.google.com/ngrams links to info about digital file deletion: http://www.reddit.com/r/YouShouldKnow/comments/1e4p7g/ysk_how_deletion_works_on_a_computer_and_why/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Data_erasure http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bad_sector http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Secure_erasure Melanie Willhide glitched photos (NSFW): http://www.slate.com/blogs/behold/2013/01/09/melanie_willhide_to_adrian_rodriguez_with_love_photos.html Electronic waste dumps in Africa: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agbogbloshie Paper-shredding: http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/explainer/2009/07/unshreddable.html UNSHREDDER: http://www.unshredder.com/www/407/1001127/default.asp Iranian reassembly of documents: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-16036967 HEAT DEATH: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heat_death_of_the_universe HEAT DEATH button on etsy: http://www.etsy.com/listing/58392676/ask-me-about-the-heat-death-of-the entropy: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entropy "The Last Question" by Issac Assimov: http://www.thrivenotes.com/the-last-question/ bleached flags on moon: http://www.hq.nasa.gov/alsj/ApolloFlags-Condition.html

INSIDE a Spherical Mirror

FOLLOW MICHAEL STEVENS: http://www.Twitter.com/tweetsauce LINKS AND SOURCES BELOW Vsauce3 -- What Does Star Wars Look Like?: http://youtu.be/Jq-NnQmI_2c Vsauce2 -- Star Wars LÜT! http://bit.ly/14drXDc Science Friction episode on Star Wars in real life: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q_Ubscwbs9E Richard Feynman talks about how mirrors 'reverse' things: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=msN87y-iEx0 Mirror etymology: http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=mirror Infinity mirror room: http://www.thisiscolossal.com/2013/02/swing-to-infinity-inside-thilo-franks-mirrored-room/ Japanese TV show uses a REAL mirrored sphere 'room': http://bit.ly/13VrbeR Spherical Mirror links: http://www.thescienceforum.com/physics/29962-what-would-one-see-inside-reflective-sphere.html http://www.thescienceforum.com/general-discussion/31292-how-reflection-look-like-inside-big-mirror-ball.html http://forums.randi.org/showthread.php?t=144486 Love / Hate shirt: http://uptoyoutoronto.com/storemaker/images/PB140039.JPG Why mirrors don't reverse up and down as well: http://io9.com/5971306/why-do-mirrors-reverse-left-and-right-but-not-top-and-bottom Curved mirror mug trick: http://www.grand-illusions.com/acatalog/Mirror-Mug-458.html mere-exposure effect: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mere-exposure_effect NPR RadioLab on reflections: http://www.radiolab.org/2011/apr/18/mirror-mirror/ Your image's size on a mirror: http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/22/science/22angi.html?pagewanted=all http://psychsciencenotes.blogspot.com/2011/08/mirrors-are-literally-windows-to.html http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010027704002100 ******* Music by Jake Chudnow: http://www.YouTube.com/JakeChudnow

Names

FOLLOW MICHAEL STEVENS ON TWITTER: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce FOLLOW ON INSTAGRAM: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants Kevin is VSAUCE2: http://www.youtube.com/Vsauce2 music by: http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow Top 1000 US first names over time INTERACTIVE: http://www.babynamewizard.com/voyager surname geographical distribution INTERACTIVE: http://www.worldnames.publicprofiler.org Dolphins using names: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2006/05/060508_dolphins.html Mental Floss VIDEO: things you didn't know had names: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-xJQyj8dSCg US ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Child: http://www.unicefusa.org/campaigns/public-policy-advocacy/the-convention-on-the-rights.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/US_ratification_of_the_Convention_on_the_Rights_of_the_Child Freakonomics "How Much Does Your Name Matter?": http://freakonomics.com/2013/04/08/how-much-does-your-name-matter-a-new-freakonomics-radio-podcast/ Story of two children named "Winner" and "Loser": http://www.sahio.com/the-story-of-two-brothers-named-winner-and-loser/ auto-antonyms: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contronym Most common surnames: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_most_common_surnames LONGEST NAME: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wolfe+585,_Senior Adolf Hitler Campbell: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/05/31/adolf-hitler-campbell-custody-battle-nazi-names-new-jersey_n_1561046.html endonym vs. exonym: http://mentalfloss.com/article/30810/why-are-there-different-names-same-country name laws: http://nation.time.com/2013/08/12/from-messiah-to-hitler-what-you-can-and-cannot-name-your-child/ http://mentalfloss.com/article/25034/8-countries-fascinating-baby-naming-laws Dads_Secret tweet: https://twitter.com/Dads_Secret/status/340242560503128064 Legally mononymous people: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_legally_mononymous_people Name-letter Effect: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Name%E2%80%93letter_effect Quirkology: http://www.quirkology.com/UK/ Quirology on names: http://www.quirkology.com/UK/Experiment_surname.shtml US State denonyms: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/GPO-STYLEMANUAL-2008/pdf/GPO-STYLEMANUAL-2008-7.pdf New Zealand name laws: http://news.nationalpost.com/2013/05/02/new-zealand-reveals-a-list-of-banned-baby-names-4real-was-one-of-them/ "hierarchy of disagreement": http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Graham_(computer_programmer)

Why Don't We Taxidermy Humans?

Click here to subscribe to Vsauce (it's free!): http://bit.ly/POIaN7 LINKS TO LEARN MORE ABOUT THIS TOPIC: Big thanks to my friend at Order Of The Good Death for info: http://www.youtube.com/user/OrderoftheGoodDeath Music by: http://www.youtube.com/jakechudnow Song at end of video [direct link]: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Q_47b507vg Taxidermied animal from "Unnecessary Otter": http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tiJZ47G78XQ Space Burial: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Space_burial Get yourself space-buried: http://www.celestis.com/services.asp Cat body turned into diamonds: http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887324020804578149662961901842.html?mod=djemITP_h CHUCK TESTA: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LJP1DphOWPs Taxidermy cat quadcopter: http://www.geekologie.com/2012/06/weirdo-turns-his-taxidermied-cat-into-a.php Creative taxidermy: http://www.incrediblethings.com/lists/taxidermy-gone-wild/ http://morbidanatomy.blogspot.co.uk/2012/06/obsessed-taxidermy-rachel-poliquin.html http://www.geekologie.com/2011/12/man-arrested-for-taxidermy-ing-together.php http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Potter Interesting article on displaying human bodies: http://www.livescience.com/12994-body-worlds-human-taxidermy.html Jeremy Bentham "mummy": http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeremy_bentham 3D Jeremy Bentham: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/Bentham-Project/who/autoicon/Virtual_Auto_Icon Get mummified: http://www.summum.org/mummification/enshrinement.shtml Galileo's Middle Finger: http://www.atlasobscura.com/places/galileos-middle-finger Taxidermy on Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taxidermy Skin facts [PDF]: http://www.particlesciences.com/docs/technical_briefs/TB_3.pdf Freeze-drying your pets: http://wefeelthepainforanimals.blogspot.co.uk/2012/02/i-dont-know-what-to-say-about-this-but.html http://www.perpetualpet.net/price/ Abraham Lincoln's moving body: http://rogerjnorton.com/Lincoln13.html http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=n0EEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA87&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false Embalmbed guy on motorcycle: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1269846/The-quick-dead-Embalmed-biker-sits-astride-motorcycle-funeral-home.html Lenin video [gross]: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JMDwXnAWja0 After We Die [BOOK]: http://bit.ly/SRlX0h How plastination...

What Will We Miss?

Follow Michael Stevens for MORE: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce LINKS AND SOURCES BELOW When was I conceived? http://www.whenwasiconceived.com Another conception calculator if the above link is down: http://www.paulsadowski.com/Birthday.asp (you can also Google "conception calculator" and find a bunch) Birthday star calculator: http://outreach.jach.hawaii.edu/birthstars/year.php 6009: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/7th_millennium Zeitpyramide / Time Pyramid: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time_pyramid Time Pyramid today VIDEO: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8ggB7HQyRZ8 Chernobyl: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chernobyl_Exclusion_Zone Awesome Kraftwerk preformance of "Radioactivity": http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0EBTn_3DBYo Supernova viewed from Earth simulation VIDEO: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dtWeH4-Ugy4 Betelgeuse: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Betelgeuse Eta Carinae: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eta_Carinae Andromeda and Milky Way collision: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/hubble/science/milky-way-collide.html http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/releases/2012/20/image/c/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andromeda%E2%80%93Milky_Way_collision FOMO (Fear Of Missing Out): http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/10/business/10ping.html?src=recg&_r=0 http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2011/04/14/fomo-addiction-the-fear-of-missing-out/ Fate of Niagara Falls, Mt. Rushmore, and total solar eclipses: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_far_future Saturn's rings in the future: http://www.bobthealien.co.uk/satring.htm a photon's path out of the sun: http://www.astro.cornell.edu/share/sharvari/websiteV7/Etransport.htm Troxler's Fading: http://www.zmescience.com/other/offbeat-other/troxler-effect-08112011/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Troxler's_fading MUSIC BY Jake Chudnow: http://www.youtube.com/jakechudnow and http://www.audionetwork.com/

Spooky Coincidences?

Donate to Comic Relief’s SCHOOL OF YOUTUBE: http://comicrelief.com/SOYT THERE’S MORE! Click to watch the LEANBACK playlist: http://bit.ly/YwNHiF my twitter: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce my instagram: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants “7 Laws of Magical Thinking”: http://magicalthinkingbook.com/ “The Improbability Principle”: http://improbability-principle.com/the-improbability-principle-the-book/ Speed of light and pyramid coincidence: https://www.metabunk.org/threads/the-great-pyramid-of-giza-and-the-speed-of-light.2154/ Illinois lotto numbers: http://www.illinoislottery.com/en-us/winning-number-search-year.html#loadingImg2 Anagram genius website: http://www.anagramgenius.com Other anagrams: http://wordsmith.org/anagram/hof.html Michael Stevens illuminati tweet: https://twitter.com/vasilstefano/status/507611100594966528/photo/1 reverse speech sites: http://reversespeech.com/reversal/john-f-kennedy-assassination/ http://www.reversespeech.com/Children_Reversals.htm http://www.csicop.org/si/show/demon-haunted_sentence_a_skeptical_analysis_of_reverse_speech1/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_backmasked_messages virtual recorder app: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=ix.com.android.VirtualRecorder&hl=en Karsten Johansson phonetic palindrome poem: https://soundcloud.com/intruder-1/wei-touke Pareidolia: http://www.reddit.com/r/Pareidolia/ Apophenia as exhibited by a person with Schizophrenia: http://www.reddit.com/r/WTF/comments/2f182l/this_is_schizophrenia_album/ “may he poop on my knee?”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hOgALTFzFbQ iTunes shuffle: http://lifehacker.com/5929611/why-itunes-shuffle-isnt-random-and-how-to-fix-it dancing spiderman gif: http://factsvillage.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/spiderman-dancing.gif dancing ninja gif: http://imgur.com/jfzZFnf dancing gif sync explanation: http://www.radiolab.org/story/299399-why-spiderman-such-good-dancer/ Movie SYNCS: http://www.moviessynced.com/ http://www.ingsoc.com/waters/info/oz.html vague predictions: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Postdiction http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cold_reading Disney World coincidence: http://www.insidethemagic.net/2010/06/voutsinas-relive-disney-magic-by-recreating-now-famous-childhood-photo/ Kennedy and Lincoln coincidences: lightning coincidence: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/statistician-david-j-hand-shows-how-the-seemingly-improbable-becomes-a-sure-thing/ Spooky coincidences contest: http://www.csicop.org/si/show/coincidences_remarkable_or_random/ Littlewood’s Law: http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Littlewood's_law http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2004/mar/25/one-in-a-million/

What Is Consciousness?

LEANBACK IS HERE: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JoR0bMohcNo&list=PLE3048008DAA29B0A&feature=plpp_play_all Music courtesy of Jake Chudnow: http://www.soundcloud.com/jakechudnow TWITTER: @tweetsauce FACEBOOK: http://www.Facebook.com/VsauceGaming Learn more: Cleverbot: http://cleverbot.com/ Wikipedia on Consciousness: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consciousness Philosophical ZOMBIES: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/zombies/ NAMI on Anosognosia: http://www.nami.org/Content/NavigationMenu/Mental_Illnesses/Schizophrenia9/Anosognosia_Fact_Sheet.htm Information is Beautiful on Consciousness Theories: http://www.informationisbeautiful.net/play/what-is-consciousness/ Google Books: Awarenes of Deficit After Brain Injury": http://books.google.com/books?id=xze89PCLaWMC&lpg=PP1&pg=PA53#v=onepage&q&f=false "What is consciousness" conscious "what is identity" identity vsauce "Michael Stevens" brain neuroscience "other minds"

Are We Ready For Aliens?

FOLLOW MICHAEL STEVENS: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce **Big thanks to Antonius from AVbyte for helping with audio! His channel is great: http://www.youtube.com/avbyte ** My video about space travel and the Fermi Paradox and Drake equation: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lD08CuUi_Ek What to do if you meet an alien: https://twitter.com/tweetsauce/status/355046441888120832 UN Office of Outer Space Affaris: http://www.oosa.unvienna.org/oosa/COPUOS/copuos.html Galileo and forward contamination: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galileo_(spacecraft)#End_of_mission_and_deorbit SETI declaration: http://www.seti.org/post-detection.html Royal Society on post-detection policies: http://www.nbcnews.com/id/39675346/ns/technology_and_science/t/what-do-if-we-find-extraterrestrial-life/#.Ud2-q2Qa-rl Mazlan Othman denies Earth/Alien ambassadorship: http://www.aolnews.com/2010/09/27/mazland-othman-is-not-earths-alien-ambassador-after-all/ Paul Davies as Earth/Alien ambassador: http://www.guardian.co.uk/global/2010/mar/06/paul-davies-aliens-welcome-jon-ronson RIO SCALE: http://www.setileague.org/iaaseti/rioscale.htm RIO SCALE CALCULATOR: http://www.setileague.org/iaaseti/riocalc.htm RIO SCALE applied to movies and real life: http://www.setileague.org/iaaseti/abst2002/rio2002.pdf face on mars: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cydonia_(region_of_Mars) See SETI data live! http://setilive.org/ Help SETI process data with your own computer! http://setiathome.berkeley.edu/ SETI and first contact steps: http://www.space.com/2750-contact-signal.html Apollo Quarantine: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollo_11#Splashdown_and_quarantine Outer...

What if You Were Born in Space?

Subscribe to join the sauce! http://bit.ly/POIaN7 Cool stuff every day: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce Links to learn more below: music by http://youtube.com/JakeChudnow "Space Oddity" sung in space by Chris Hadfield: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KaOC9danxNo http://www.howmanypeopleareinspacerightnow.com Tears in space: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P36xhtpw0Lg Chris Hadfield's videos: https://www.youtube.com/user/canadianspaceagency My video with minutephysics that talks about oribits: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hYf6av21x5c First man in space: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yuri_Gagarin list of people who have been to outer space: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_space_travelers_by_name history of humans in space (good timeline): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_spaceflight Good read about "zero-gravity" vs zero-g: https://groups.google.com/forum/#!msg/sci.space.station/qZtamv_Dg04/aOdakbzQeIgJ Orbit: http://www.orbspace.com/Background-Information/Suborbital-vs-Orbital.html weightlessness: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weightlessness NASA info on how zero-g affects people: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2001/ast02aug_1/ flame in space [VIDEO]: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q58-la_yAB4 zero-g biology flow chart: http://www.nsbri.org/humanphysspace/focus6/spaceflight-frame.html 2suit: http://www.wired.co.uk/news/archive/2009-04/30/a-two-seater-suit-for-space-lovers what if a baby was born in space? http://quest.arc.nasa.gov/people/journals/space/currier/08-26-99.html conception and fertility in space: http://www.escapistmagazine.com/news/view/113507-Microgravity-Makes-Interstellar-Travel-Impossible-Say-Experts http://weboflife.nasa.gov/currentResearch/currentResearchBiologyGravity/floatingFertility.htm http://www.lifeslittlemysteries.com/1119-space-sex-pregnancy.html zero-g studies: rat fetus: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3762055 pregnant rats: http://jp.physoc.org/content/565/2/593.full http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8371056 muscles:...

Why Are Bad Words Bad?

Follow Michael Stevens for more: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce EXTRA INFO & LINKS BELOW! Music by http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow Marchex Institute study: http://blog.marchex.com/2013/05/15/marchex-data-reveals-ohioans-curse-the-most-in-the-country-washingtonians-the-least/ Canada's most vulgar city: http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2012/01/23/canadas-most-vulgar-city_n_1224323.html "Bad" etymology: http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=bad "Grawlixes": http://www.fastcodesign.com/1673017/quimps-plewds-and-grawlixes-the-secret-language-of-comic-strips Mort Walker - The Lexicon of Comicana: http://www.amazon.co.uk/The-Lexicon-Comicana-Mort-Walker/dp/059508902X First use of grawlixes: http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=2457 Slate's Lexicon Valley: "A Brief History of Swearing": http://www.slate.com/articles/podcasts/lexicon_valley/2013/06/lexicon_valley_on_profanity_and_obscenity_with_holy_shit_a_brief_history.html 1 Kilohertz censor beep: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bleep_censor Steven Pinker lecture: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5S1d3cNge24 Swearing history: http://www.salon.com/2013/05/11/the_modern_history_of_swearing_where_all_the_dirtiest_words_come_from/ remembering taboo words: http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?rep=rep1&type=pdf&doi=10.1.1.217.220 Swearing in the brain: http://blog.scienceinsociety.northwestern.edu/2013/02/a-special-place-in-the-brain-for-swearing/ http://www.howstuffworks.com/swearing4.htm no words should be banned? http://bigthink.com/against-the-new-taboo/no-words-should-be-banned Mythbusters' Swearing Test: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pp5hNhHp3Ew Coprolalia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coprolalia Lalochezia: http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/lalochezia 7 dirty words: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seven_dirty_words Swearing is changing: http://www.thetakeaway.org/story/305603-swearing-changing-and-s-good-thing/ http://www.slate.com/articles/life/the_good_word/2013/07/swear_words_old_and_new_sexual_and_religious_profanity_giving_way_to_sociological.html Swearing in the future: http://io9.com/http-0-media-cdn-foolz-us-ffuuka-board-tg-image-1374-1463056139 Swearing behaviour on Twitter: http://www.business2community.com/infographics/swearing-behavior-twitter-comedic-value-big-data-infographic-0616586 McKay Hatch - The No Cussing Club: http://nocussing.com/ N.W.A. F*ck Tha Police: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h2YgZX9Thm0

Why Do We Wear Clothes?

CLICK HERE to follow us to Vsauce2 -- http://bit.ly/X8elqv Intro cameo by my 1 tru luv Hannah Hart: http://bit.ly/YzjPtU SOURCES: history of clothing: http://mbe.oxfordjournals.org/content/28/1/29.full Etymology of embarrassment: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Embarrassment#Etymology The fear of nudity: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gymnophobia SINA and other pranks: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J3xXys3n3xc Embarrassment: http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/intense-emotions-and-strong-feelings/201112/embarrassment Brain and embarrassment: http://psychcentral.com/news/2011/04/17/embarrassed-its-a-good-sign-of-brain-health-as-we-age/25399.html Embarrassment experiment: http://www.learningace.com/doc/835121/88601b906eca070a1bacdfc565863f4d/feinbergwillerkeltner2012 Embarrassment and trust: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/09/29/embarrass-trustworthy_n_987381.html Embarrassment and flirting [PDF]: http://greatergood.berkeley.edu/dacherkeltner/docs/keltner.anderson.darwin.2000.pdf Havelock Ellis "evolution of modesty": http://www.mirrorservice.org/sites/ftp.ibiblio.org/pub/docs/books/gutenberg/1/3/6/1/13610/13610.txt BBC article: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/magazine/7915369.stm Megapode: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Megapode Development of human babies: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Incidence_of_Monogamy#Evolution_in_animals Brain size and body size: http://brainmuseum.org/evolution/paleo/index.html EQ: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Encephalization_quotient VSAUCE TWITTER: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce MUSIC BY http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow VSAUCE FACEBOOK: http://www.facebook.com/VsauceGaming

Why Did The Chicken Cross The Road?

Thanks to Bill Nye! Check him out here: http://www.billnye.com/ http://planetary.org/ Vsauce3: http://www.youtube.com/user/Vsauce3 FOLLOW @TWEETSAUCE: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce Vsauce MERCH: http://www.districtlines.com/Vsauce Music by Jake Chudnow: http://soundcloud.com/jakechudnow Great list of how famous people would approach the chicken question: http://www.bored.com/chickenjoke/ How we should all FIRST hear the chicken joke: http://ivy.comicgenesis.com/ E.B. White: http://www.quotationspage.com/quote/984.html Frog Dissection app: http://itunes.apple.com/us/app/frog-dissection/id377626675 Anti-Joke Chicken: http://www.quickmeme.com/Anti-Joke-Chicken/popular/1/ Anti-Joke Cat: http://twitter.com/AntiJokeCat "No soap, radio": http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/No_soap_radio OLDEST JOKE: http://www.independent.co.uk/voices/commentators/paul-mcdonald-heard-the-one-about-the-oldest-joke-in-the-world-its-a-cracker-2164293.html Original Summerian: http://etcsl.orinst.ox.ac.uk/proverbs/c.6.1.01.html Agyrophobia: http://www.medterms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=12168 Death Clock: http://deathclock.com/ Percentage of earth that is paved: http://www.artba.org/about/faqs-transportation-general-public/faqs/#9 Chicken Population: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/07/29/domesticated-animal-populations_n_913464.html Mary had a little lamb (pics in video from a book I own): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Had_a_Little_Lamb Computational theory of humor [pdf]: http://arxiv.org/abs/0711.2058

Will We Ever Run Out of New Music?

Click here to subscribe to Vsauce (it's free!): http://bit.ly/POIaN7 Follow Michael Stevens: https://twitter.com/tweetsauce Links Below: Axis of Awesome 4 Chords: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oOlDewpCfZQ Interactive video demonstrating common meter: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4ZqR_M20Y48 Everything is a Remix: http://www.everythingisaremix.info/watch-the-series/ Stairway to Gilligan's Island: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KTCYLbFxTpI WeSauce: http://www.youtube.com/wesauce JAKE CHUDNOW's channel: http://www.youtube.com/jakechudnow Covered in Bees calculates the number of possible 5 minute CD-quality audio files: http://www.coveredinbees.org/node/264 ferrouslepidoptera calculation: http://everything2.com/title/How+many+melodies+are+there+in+the+universe%253F yerricde calculates with only 3 note-lengths allowed per melody: http://everything2.com/title/Yes%21+We+have+no+bananas%21 Sounds Just Like: http://soundsjustlike.com/ songs that sound like other songs [StraightDope forum]: http://boards.straightdope.com/sdmb/showthread.php?t=604234&page=2 Common Meter on TV Tropes: http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/CommonMeter Compression and song enjoyabliility: http://www.lifeslittlemysteries.com/1122-what-makes-music-enjoyable.html Compression and song enjoyability [PDF]: http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1756-0500-4-9.pdf My Sweet Lord vs He's So Fine: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/My_Sweet_Lord#Plagiarism_suit Why are octaves divided into 12 intervals: http://thinkzone.wlonk.com/Music/12Tone.htm

Moving Illusions

The newest Mind Blow on Vsauce2: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PkAIR5p9Ni8 LINKS AND SOURCES BELOW: FOLLOW MICHAEL STEVENS: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce music by http://www.youtube.com/Jakechudnow and http://www.audionetwork.com brusspup anamorphic illusions: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tBNHPk-Lnkk ANOMALOUS MOTION by Akiyoshi Kitaoka: http://www.ritsumei.ac.jp/~akitaoka/index-e.html http://www.psy.ritsumei.ac.jp/~akitaoka/motion12e.html "Out of Focus" by Akiyoshi Kitaoka: http://www.ritsumei.ac.jp/~akitaoka/plaidm2.jpg anomalous motion explanations: http://www.cs.unm.edu/~williams/cs591/explanation.html http://mathworld.wolfram.com/OuchiIllusion.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Illusory_motion http://www.livescience.com/4950-key-optical-illusions-discovered.html how to make YOUR OWN anomalous motion images: http://www.wikihow.com/Create-an-Anomalous-Motion-Illusion Animal Collective illusion cover: http://diffuser.fm/animal-collective-merriweather-post-pavilion-50/ "illusion" etymology: http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=illusion really great "game" etymology image: http://www.flickr.com/photos/ethanhein/2850602827/sizes/o/in/photostream/ dazzle paint: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dazzle_camouflage "Command And Control" book: http://www.amazon.co.uk/Command-Control-Eric-Schlosser/dp/1846141486 Disneyland forced perspective: http://disneyparks.disney.go.com/blog/2011/04/beast-castle-behind-the-scenes-with-walt-disney-imagineers/ Birds use forced perspective: http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/notrocketscience/2010/09/09/male-bowerbirds-create-forced-perspective-illusions-that-only-females-see/#.UqDhW2RDtCp Müller-Lyer Illusion and culture: http://blogs.smithsonianmag.com/smartnews/2013/03/are-optical-illusions-cultural/ http://web.mit.edu/allanmc/www/socialperception14.pdf anamorphic illusions on street: http://www.deceptology.com/2011/05/slow-down-or-youll-kill-that-flat-kid.html http://www.ebaumsworld.com/pictures/view/80516104/ anamorphic illusions STUART TRAY: http://www.bbc.co.uk/arts/yourpaintings/paintings/the-secret-portrait-of-prince-charles-edward-stuart-167681 http://www.westhighlandmuseum.org.uk/collections/the-jacobites/secret-portrait/ Titanic and recovered bodies: http://www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/titanic-victims/135/ Titanic and optical illusions: http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2012/04/10/science/titanic.html?_r=0 http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/Did-the-Titanic-Sink-Because-of-an-Optical-Illusion.html?c=y&page=1&navigation=previous#IMAGES http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fata_Morgana_(mirage) Tooth-drilling and optical illusions: http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0077343 http://io9.com/an-optical-illusion-is-making-dentists-drill-holes-that-1459391735 The End of History illusion: http://www.wjh.harvard.edu/~dtg/Quoidbach%20et%20al%202013.pdf http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/04/science/study-in-science-shows-end-of-history-illusion.html?_r=0 http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2013/01/10/we-underestimate-our-changes-the-end-of-history-illusion/ The illusion of control: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1348/096317903321208880/abstract a bunch of neat illusions: http://www.gla.ac.uk/schools/humanities/research/philosophyresearch/cspe/illusions/ Architectural illusions: http://weburbanist.com/2008/10/22/architectural-optical-illusions-distortions-designs/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forced_perspective http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perspective_distortion_(photography) Ames room: http://img6.joyreactor.com/pics/post/gif-mindfuck-Ames-room-958726.gif

A Defense of Comic Sans

𝕴𝖓 𝕯𝖊𝖋𝖊𝖓𝖘𝖊 𝕺𝖋 𝕮𝖔𝖒𝖎𝖈 𝕾𝖆𝖓𝖘 Even the geniuses at CERN use Comic Sans: http://img.clubic.com/05281294-photo-presentation-boson-higgs-cern.jpg Gunnarolla's AWESOME Comic Sans SONG: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OBibXwwLBts David Kadavy's "Why You Hate Comic Sans" [great read]: http://kadavy.net/blog/posts/why-you-hate-comic-sans/ David Kadavy's video: http://youtu.be/4X4f83C8ANg ALL music by Jake Chudnow: http://www.youtube.com/jakechudnow http://www.soundcloud.com/JakeChudnow Great book about type: Simon Garfields JUST MY TYPE: http://www.amazon.co.uk/Just-My-Type-About-Fonts/dp/1846683025 Ban Comic Sans: http://bancomicsans.com Funny site to send people who use Comic Sans: http://www.comicsanscriminal.com/ Comic Sans alternatives: http://bancomicsans.com/main/?page_id=98 Kill Comic Sans game: http://www.agencyfusion.com/kill-comic-sans.html McSweeney's humor article from the perspective of Comic Sans: http://www.mcsweeneys.net/articles/im-comic-sans-asshole David O'Reilly T-Shirts: http://skreened.com/dumbstuff Typeface Periodic Table: http://artworksdesign.files.wordpress.com/2009/10/periodic_table_of_typefaces.jpg Type rules 101: http://www.denizcemonduygu.com/tipo101/ History of typefaces and handwriting: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Evolution_of_minuscule.svg Basic articles on Comic Sans: http://mashable.com/2012/10/03/comic-sans-history/ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-11582548 http://www.theregister.co.uk/2011/01/31/verity_stob_comic_sans/page2.html http://www.guardian.co.uk/artanddesign/2010/jun/20/in-defence-comic-sans-font Connare's own presentation on Comic Sans (I saw him deliever...

Is Your Red The Same as My Red?

Subscribe to Vsauce: http://bit.ly/POIaN7 Follow Michael Stevens: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce http://facebook.com/VsauceGaming All music by Jake Chudnow: http://www.youtube.com/jakechudnow Tommy Edison (Blind guy on YouTube): http://bit.ly/rjyX7q Color Blindness: http://www.colourblindawareness.org/colour-blindness/ and http://colorvisiontesting.com/what%20colorblind%20people%20see.htm Qualia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qualia We experiences are subjective: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subjective_character_of_experience Explanatory Gap: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Explanatory_gap Mary's Room and the Knowledge Argument: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Knowledge_argument Who Asked the First Question? [PDF]: http://www.polyphony.ge/uploads/whoaskthefirst.pdf Theory of Mind and Sally-Anne Task: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theory_of_mind Koko the talking gorilla [VIDEO]: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pmuu8UEi2ko Questioning Behaviour: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Question Synesthesia coupled with color blindness: http://www.scholarpedia.org/article/Synesthesia#A_color_blind_synesthete.3B_.22Martian_colors.22 Do blind people DREAM images? http://www2.ucsc.edu/dreams/Library/kerr_2004.html

What Does Human Taste Like?

Follow Michael Stevens for more: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce EXTRA INFO & LINKS BELOW! Guest Star: Elsie the cat. Music by http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow and from http://www.audionetwork.com https://www.facebook.com/VsauceGaming FLAVOR NETWORK ARTICLE (the cool food network graphs): http://www.nature.com/srep/2011/111215/srep00196/full/srep00196.html Hygiene hypothesis: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hygiene_hypothesis Eating snot: http://www.psmag.com/navigation/health-and-behavior/this-man-wants-you-to-pick-your-nose-and-eat-it-57024/http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eating_mucus http://www.popsci.com/science/article/2013-04/could-eating-boogers-be-good-you human meat CHART: http://i.imgur.com/1DjGj.jpg Calories in an entire human body's worth of meat: http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20100511172804AAhPbOA Rick Gibson: http://www.rickgibson.net/perform.html Marco Evaristti: http://uk.reuters.com/article/2007/05/18/oukoe-uk-chile-artist-idUKN1724159420070518 http://www.vvork.com/?tag=can Other work by Evaristti: http://artelectronicmedia.com/artwork/helena-by-marco-evaristti Japanese genitals: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/05/24/asexual-mao-sugiyama-cooks-serves-own-genitals_n_1543307.html#slide=1019016 the tweet: https://twitter.com/ho_ch/status/188931954777919489 Cannibalism on Dutch TV show: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ez65LuvPODU http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/2011/12/20/dutch-tv-hosts-eat-each-others-flesh_n_1159829.html Cannibalism wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cannibalism Taste buds: http://biology.clc.uc.edu/fankhauser/Labs/Anatomy_&_Physiology/A&P202/Special_Senses/Smell_Taste/Smell_and_Taste.html William Buehler Seabrook: http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/explainer/2012/06/cannibalism_in_the_news_what_does_human_flesh_taste_like_.html http://www.realclearscience.com/blog/2013/08/what-does-human-flesh-taste-like.html site based on food networks and flavor 'principles': https://www.foodpairing.com Orange juice and toothpaste: http://science.howstuffworks.com/life/human-biology/orange-juice-toothpaste.htm Cats and sweetness: http://www.null-hypothesis.co.uk/article/1279 Another way you eat yourself: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autophagy_(cellular) SEA SQUIRT LINKS: http://goodheartextremescience.wordpress.com/2010/01/27/meet-the-creature-that-eats-its-own-brain/ http://www.coralscience.org/main/articles/reef-species-4/tunicates Amount of mucus swallowed in a day: http://sciencefocus.com/qa/swallowing-your-own-phlegm-harmful Ouroboros: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ouroboros also: http://www.quickmeme.com/img/64/64206d6975e3e6918654fce12486f2da3c52972cf78cfded975b708a5de14686.jpg