Do Chairs Exist?
Do Chairs Exist?
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Do Chairs Exist? - Vsauce


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Illusions of Time

Join our Curiosity Box! https://www.curiositybox.com https://twitter.com/tweetsauce https://www.instagram.com/electricpants SOURCES: 1896 snowball fight: https://twitter.com/joaquimcampa/status/1311391615425093634?lang=en Prospective and retrospective timing: YOUR BRAIN IS A TIME MACHINE by Dean Buonomano: https://www.amazon.com/Your-Brain-Time-Machine-Neuroscience/dp/0393355608/ ISOLATION - Mind Field: https://youtu.be/iqKdEhx-dD4 (every episode of Mind Field is free to watch on YouTube!) speed of time as we age: FELT TIME by Marc Wittmann: https://www.amazon.com/Felt-Time-Science-Experience-Press/dp/0262533545/ "Age effects in perception of time": https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16512313/ Olēka: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3FKsCK6Vfuk periodization: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Periodization WaitButWhy article about The Lion King: https://waitbutwhy.com/2020/01/its-2020-and-youre-in-the-future.html Barbara Walters for scale subreddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/BarbaraWalters4Scale Barbara Walter world history image: https://www.reddit.com/r/UnitsOfX/comments/bwma7g/oc_world_history_in_units_of_barbara_walters/ Examples of facts that challenge our chronological illusions: https://canyouactually.com/23-mind-bending-facts-about-time-that-will-change-your-perception-of-history-forever/ https://www.buzzfeed.com/andyneuenschwander/14-facts-about-time-and-history-thatll-totally-bl My "Narrow Slice" video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yNLdblFQqsw construal level theory: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Construal_level_theory Sonder: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AkoML0_FiV4 Pipe Dream" - Animusic.com: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hyCIpKAIFyo Early smile image: http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2017/09/story-behind-photo-happiest-man-china/ 2:30am at a 7-11 near Disney World - 1987: https://youtu.be/RYbe-35_BaA and:...

The Zipf Mystery

Support Vsauce, your brain, Alzheimer's research, and other YouTube educators by joining THE CURIOSITY BOX: a seasonal delivery of viral science toys made by Vsauce! A portion of all proceeds goes to Alzheimer's research and our Inquisitive Fellowship, a program that gives money and resources directly to rising STEM channels here on YouTube! https://www.curiositybox.com http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce http://www.instagram.com/electricpants WordCount.org http://www.wordcount.org/ How many days have you been alive? http://www.beatcanvas.com/daysalive.asp random letter generator: http://www.dave-reed.com/Nifty/randSeq.html Dictionary of Obscure Sorrows: https://www.youtube.com/user/obscuresorrows Word frequency resources: [lemmatized] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Most_common_words_in_English http://www.uow.edu.au/~dlee/corpora.htm http://www.wordfrequency.info http://www.anc.org/data/anc-second-release/frequency-data/ http://www.titania.bham.ac.uk/docs/ http://www.kilgarriff.co.uk/bnc-readme.html#raw https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Wiktionary:Frequency_lists http://ucrel.lancs.ac.uk/bncfreq/ [PDF] http://www.wordfrequency.info/files/entries.pdf [combined Wikipedia and Gutenberg] http://www.monlp.com/2012/04/16/calculating-word-and-n-gram-statistics-from-a-wikipedia-corpora/ http://corpus.byu.edu/coca/files/100k_samples.txt http://corpus.byu.edu/ http://corpus.leeds.ac.uk/list.html https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=ja1_AAAAQBAJ&dq=word+frequency+coca&lr= http://www.ling.helsinki.fi/kit/2009s/clt231/NLTK/book/ch01-LanguageProcessingAndPython.html Great Zipf's law papers: http://colala.bcs.rochester.edu/papers/piantadosi2014zipfs.pdf http://www.ling.upenn.edu/~ycharles/sign708.pdf http://arxiv.org/pdf/cond-mat/0412004.pdf http://www-personal.umich.edu/~mejn/courses/2006/cmplxsys899/powerlaws.pdf Zipf’s law articles and discussions: http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2002/04/seeing-around-corners/302471/ http://io9.com/the-mysterious-law-that-governs-the-size-of-your-city-1479244159?utm_expid=66866090-48.Ej9760cOTJCPS_Bq4mjoww.0 https://plus.maths.org/content/os/latestnews/may-aug08/food/index http://judson.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/05/19/math-and-the-city/?em https://plus.maths.org/content/mystery-zipf?src=aop http://www.datasciencecentral.com/profiles/blogs/why-zipf-s-law-explains-so-many-big-data-and-physics-phenomenons https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zipf%27s_law other Zipf’s law PDFs http://ftp.iza.org/dp3928.pdf http://arxiv.org/pdf/1402.2965.pdf http://arxiv.org/pdf/1104.3199.pdf http://www.lel.ed.ac.uk/~jim/zipfjrh.pdf http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2834740/#pone.0009411-Mandelbrot1 http://polymer.bu.edu/hes/articles/pgs02a.pdf in untranslated language: http://arxiv.org/pdf/0808.2904.pdf http://pages.stern.nyu.edu/~xgabaix/papers/zipf.pdf http://www.hpl.hp.com/research/idl/papers/ranking/ranking.html http://statweb.stanford.edu/~owen/courses/306a/ZipfAndGutenberg.pdf http://arxiv.org/pdf/1310.0448v3.pdf http://www.kornai.com/Papers/glotto5.pdf Zipf’s law slides: http://www.slideshare.net/guest9fc47a/nlp-new-words Pareto Principle and related ‘laws’: http://www.squawkpoint.com/2013/03/pareto-principle/ http://billyshall.com/blog/post/paretos-principle https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pareto_principle Random typing and Zipf: http://www.longtail.com/the_long_tail/2006/09/is_zipfs_law_ju.html health...

The Fascinating Physics of Bowling

Bowling has been reinvented many times over the past seven thousand years but especially in the last 30. This is the fascinating physics of balls, oil, lane and pins. A portion of this video was sponsored by Salesforce. Go to https://salesforce.com/veritasium to learn more. Huge thanks to Steve Kloempken and all of Storm Bowling for letting us visit and get a glimpse into the crazy world of bowling. Huge thanks to legends Chris Barnes and Pete Weber for taking the time to bowl with us. Thanks to Ron Hatfield and James Freeman for their help with research. Check out their great book, Bowling...

Building a Guitar from Scratch (with a pro luthier)

The 100-hour process of building a classical guitar. Marshall's website: https://www.mebrune.com/robscallon For $500 off the price of a handmade guitar use the promo code "Scallon" during checkout. Intro: 0:00 Day 1: 0:01:17 Day 2: 0:30:08 Day 3: 0:58:19 Day 4: 1:26:17 Day 5: 1:58:27 Performance of “Mutter”: 2:13:45 Outro: 2:20:35 My beginner guitar course - GuitarQuest! https://www.guitareo.com/guitar-quest The song I perform is called “Mutter” It’s on my instrumental album Anchor Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/album/5mCCvZMQcFMI2Y1WF1U82H Colored Vinyl & tab book: https://store.dftba.com/collections/rob-scallon Original Music Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cMqvRDNqdOo How about building a guitar with NO experience whatsoever? https://youtu.be/6AeSY81MtG0 Commentary, song stems, and early access to videos when you super-subscribe on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/RobScallon Mixed by Rob Ruccia of Uptown Recording: http://www.uptownrecording.com/ Assistant editor Amanda Sellers: https://www.instagram.com/heysellers Video shot & edited...

What Will We Miss?

Support Vsauce, your brain, Alzheimer's research, and other YouTube educators by joining THE CURIOSITY BOX: a seasonal delivery of viral science toys made by Vsauce! A portion of all proceeds goes to Alzheimer's research and our Inquisitive Fellowship, a program that gives money and resources directly to growing science channels here on YouTube! https://www.curiositybox.com Follow Michael Stevens for MORE: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce LINKS AND SOURCES BELOW When was I conceived? http://www.whenwasiconceived.com Another conception calculator if the above link is down: http://www.paulsadowski.com/Birthday.asp (you can also Google "conception calculator" and find a bunch) Birthday star calculator: http://outreach.jach.hawaii.edu/birthstars/year.php 6009: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/7th_millennium Zeitpyramide / Time Pyramid: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time_pyramid Time Pyramid today VIDEO: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8ggB7HQyRZ8 Chernobyl: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chernobyl_Exclusion_Zone Awesome Kraftwerk preformance of...

Repairing Underground Power Cables Is Nearly Impossible

In 1989, this story about an underground electrical transmission line spread across the early internet like wildfire. It had a big impact on me as a kid, and I wanted to share it with you! I think the Scattergood-Olympic transmission line is probably LA's most famous power line, although it has now been replaced with a more modern line since 2018. Original story here: https://www.jwz.org/blog/2002/11/engineering-pornography/ Practical Engineering is a YouTube channel about infrastructure and the human-made world around us. It is hosted, written, and produced by Grady Hillhouse. We have new videos posted regularly, so please subscribe for updates. If you enjoyed...

Math Has a Fatal Flaw

Not everything that is true can be proven. This discovery transformed infinity, changed the course of a world war and led to the modern computer. This video is sponsored by Brilliant. The first 200 people to sign up via https://brilliant.org/veritasium get 20% off a yearly subscription. Special thanks to Prof. Asaf Karagila for consultation on set theory and specific rewrites, to Prof. Alex Kontorovich for reviews of earlier drafts, Prof. Toby ‘Qubit’ Cubitt for the help with the spectral gap, to Henry Reich for the helpful feedback and comments on the video. ▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀ References: Dunham, W. (2013, July). A Note on...

How People Disappear

Follow Michael Stevens: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce Sources and MORE stories below! Target story: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/19/magazine/shopping-habits.html?pagewanted=1&_r=3&hp& World population clock: http://www.worldometers.info/world-population/ How to disappear: http://lifehacker.com/5676149/how-to-ditch-big-brother-and-disappear-forever http://amzn.com/1599219778 http://www.jamesaltucher.com/2012/03/how-to-disappear-completely-and-never-be-found/ DOCUMENTARIES: "A Certain Kind of Death": http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ErooOhzE268 The Imposter: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1966604/ various articles about disappearences: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-19360824 http://www.cracked.com/article_19765_the-5-creepiest-disappearances-that-nobody-can-explain_p2.html http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/2253/what-happens-when-someone-legally-dead-shows-up-alive http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-glasgow-west-22955884 http://en.zaginieni.pl/why-do-people-go-missing http://www.npr.org/2013/05/07/182000622/majority-of-missing-persons-cases-are-resolved http://www.trutv.com/library/crime/criminal_mind/forensics/americas_missing/2.html http://www.npr.org/2013/08/08/209873419/laid-to-rest-a-proper-burial-for-the-poor Venus transit: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/sunearth/multimedia/venus-transit-2012.html Steve Jobs premature obit: http://gawker.com/5042795/steve-jobss-obituary-as-run-by-bloomberg CNN premature obits: http://www.thesmokinggun.com/file/cnns-premature-obituaries?page=0 Other premature obits: http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/explainer/2009/08/early_deadlines.html http://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/shortcuts/2013/apr/19/george-soros-buried-alive-premature-obituaries http://listverse.com/2011/11/07/top-10-bizarre-premature-obituaries/ Britney Spears obit rumor: http://www.today.com/id/22727961/ns/today-today_entertainment/t/magazine-says-ap-working-britney-obit/#.UkMAmmQa-rm Woman eaten by her own cats: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2391223/Janet-Veal-56-gnawed-eaten-CATS-kitchen-floor-died.html Woman not checked on for three years: http://www.theguardian.com/film/2011/oct/09/joyce-vincent-death-mystery-documentary Oklahoma story: http://www.nytimes.com/1997/05/23/us/mcveigh-defense-team-suggests-real-bomber-was-killed-in-blast.html?sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all Whitney Cerak and Laura Van Ryn: http://www.today.com/video/today/47502657#53101428 Canary island twins separated at birth: http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424053111904140604576496092267537366.html http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/twofold/201306/the-switched-birth-twins-the-canary-island http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20158315 Babies switched at birth: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Babies_switched_at_birth missing missing: http://www.outpostforhope.org/kids-off-the-grid.html Earth orbiting black hole gif: http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-EAl9rjYZuas/UbTDvSewF8I/AAAAAAAAR2M/B8E5z3cUofs/s640/lensearth_640x480.gif on wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Declared_death_in_absentia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_premature_obituaries http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Faked_death http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unreported_missing http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Unidentified_murder_victims David Wong's article about what you have to look forward to: http://www.cracked.com/article_15658_the-ten-minute-suicide-guide.html *********MUSIC******** http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow and http://www.audionetwork.com "Giving It My All" by Max Brodie "Conversation 2" by Bob...

Math Magic

Links to sources, more math magic, and other cool things below! My Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce My Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants Thanks to Vanessa from BrainCraft! Check out her channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/braincraftvideo Matt Parker's standupmaths channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/standupmaths Matt's video I mention: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aNpGxZ_1KXU STEMMathsMagic channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/STEMMathsMagic The STEMMathsMagic video I reference: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r-LO8zQ9eTs STEMMathsMagic website (check out the manual!): http://www.mathematicalmagic.com/thetricks.html mismag is amazing. He introduced me to MANY self-working mathematical tricks. Please check him out! https://www.youtube.com/user/mismag822 MUSIC in this episode is from: Jake Chudnow: https://www.youtube.com/user/jakechudnow zach mccoy: https://zachmccoy.bandcamp.com/ audionetwork: http://www.audionetwork.com Shakespeare and Psalm 46: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psalm_46 http://www.umsl.edu/~thomaskp/sbible.htm https://www.apologeticspress.org/apcontent.aspx?category=13&article=925 Paper about which cards people think of most frequently (and more): http://www2.psych.ubc.ca/~rensink/publications/download/Cards-OAR.pdf 52 factorial explained by Scott Czepiel: http://czep.net/weblog/52cards.html Some good math magic articles: http://www.maa.org/community/maa-columns/past-columns-card-colm/low-down-triple-dealing http://www.futilitycloset.com/2015/06/25/color-scheme/ http://www.maa.org/external_archive/columns/colm/cardcolm200504.html http://www.ams.org/samplings/feature-column/fcarc-mulcahy5 http://mathforum.org/library/drmath/view/60379.html

Spooky Coincidences?

Support Vsauce, your brain, Alzheimer's research, and other YouTube educators by joining THE CURIOSITY BOX: a seasonal delivery of viral science toys made by Vsauce! A portion of all proceeds goes to Alzheimer's research and our Inquisitive Fellowship, a program that gives money and resources directly to growing science channels here on YouTube! https://www.curiositybox.com Donate to Comic Relief’s SCHOOL OF YOUTUBE: http://comicrelief.com/SOYT THERE’S MORE! Click to watch the LEANBACK playlist: http://bit.ly/YwNHiF my twitter: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce my instagram: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants “7 Laws of Magical Thinking”: http://magicalthinkingbook.com/ “The Improbability Principle”: http://improbability-principle.com/the-improbability-principle-the-book/ Speed of light and pyramid coincidence: https://www.metabunk.org/threads/the-great-pyramid-of-giza-and-the-speed-of-light.2154/ Illinois lotto numbers: http://www.illinoislottery.com/en-us/winning-number-search-year.html#loadingImg2 Anagram genius website: http://www.anagramgenius.com Other anagrams: http://wordsmith.org/anagram/hof.html Michael Stevens illuminati tweet: https://twitter.com/vasilstefano/status/507611100594966528/photo/1 reverse speech...

Making A Math Murderer

Just think of all the questions that arise when a seemingly-healthy baby dies. Was there an illness that went undetected? Was there a rare genetic defect that couldn’t possibly have been known? Are any signs of physical trauma related to the resuscitation efforts of a fragile infant, or something more sinister? Every time a baby dies, police investigate with a host of complex questions to determine whether the death is natural and accidental, or… not. And the odds are anything but clear. So what do we do when it happens twice to the same person? What are the odds of THAT? A...

Neutron Stars: The Most Extreme Objects in the Universe

Sign Up on Patreon to get access to the Space Time Discord! https://www.patreon.com/pbsspacetime We’ve traveled to lots of weird places on this show - from the interiors of black holes to the time before the big bang. But today I want to take you on a journey to what has got to be the weirdest place in the modern universe - a place where matter exists in states I bet you’ve never heard of. Today we take a journey to the center of the neutron star. Check out the Space Time Merch Store https://www.pbsspacetime.com/shop Sign up for the mailing list to get episode notifications and...

How Much of the Earth Can You See at Once?

My shirt is from this quarter’s CURIOSITY BOX: http://www.curiositybox.com/ MY TWITTER: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce MY INSTAGRAM: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants Thanks to Mitchell for the jack-in-the-box! http://brainvenomstudio.com/ 3Blue1Brown: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCYO_jab_esuFRV4b17AJtAw 3Blue1Brown fractal dimension video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gB9n2gHsHN4 Mathologer video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qhbuKbxJsk8 Distance to horizon calculator: http://www.ringbell.co.uk/info/hdist.htm Earth curvature calculator: http://earthcurvature.com/ US cross section: https://www.reddit.com/r/MapPorn/comments/22cco7/us_elevation_profile_from_la_to_nyc_oc_1139x442/ Scott Kelly ISS earth pic: https://twitter.com/stationcdrkelly/status/618407818962575360?lang=en names of large numbers: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Names_of_large_numbers Earth’s surface fractal dimension: http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a129664.pdf Improbable research pancake study: http://www.improbable.com/airchives/paperair/volume9/v9i3/kansas.html State flatness paper: http://www.disruptivegeo.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/FlatMap_GeographicalReview_DobsonCampbell_2013Nov.pdf Mental floss article on flat states: http://mentalfloss.com/article/58976/kansas-really-flatter-pancake Lake Islands: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_island XKCD What If? bowling ball Earth: https://what-if.xkcd.com/46/ West Virginia map: https://store.usgs.gov/product/109169 Is Earth as smooth as a billiard ball? https://skeptics.stackexchange.com/questions/10763/is-earth-as-smooth-as-a-billiard-ball WPA rules: http://wpapool.com/rule-regulations/ Billiard ball surface scan paper: http://billiards.colostate.edu/bd_articles/2013/june13.pdf What state people think of as flat: http://americangeo.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/AGSGeographicKnowledgeValuesSurveyFinal.pdf Roche limit: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roche_limit https://www.quora.com/Why-arent-we-affected-by-the-Roche-Limit-Earth-is-clearly-larger-than-us https://www.quora.com/Does-the-Roche-limit-apply-to-our-human-launched-satellites-and-other-orbiting-bodies-of-Earth Hey What’s That? http://www.heywhatsthat.com Field...

The Future Of Reasoning

This video was created in partnership with Bill Gates and was inspired by his new book “How to Avoid a Climate Disaster.” Find out more here: https://gatesnot.es/3t1u93B LINKS TO LEARN MORE: my twitter: https://twitter.com/tweetsauce my instagram: https://www.instagram.com/electricpants The extended mind thesis: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extended_mind_thesis MinuteEarth video on how greenhouse gasses work: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sTvqIijqvTg Molecule animations from http://molcalc.org "The Enigma of Reason" by Hugo Mercier and Dan Sperber: https://www.hup.harvard.edu/catalog.php?isbn=9780674237827 "Do You Know Yourself?" Mind Field S1E8 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b2ng8HuPLTk Hyperobects: https://www.upress.umn.edu/book-division/books/hyperobjects https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CqCx9xU_-Fw Jonathan Haidt's famous "emotional dog" paper about moral reasoning: http://www.rudygarns.com/class/neuroethics/lib/exe/fetch.php/a/haidt.2001.emotional_dog_rational_tail.pdf Cognitive Niche: https://www.pnas.org/content/107/Supplement_2/8993#:~:text=In%20biology%2C%20a%20%E2%80%9Cniche%E2%80%9D,cause%2Dand%2Deffect%20reasoning%20and Lottocracy: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sortition https://www.coursera.org/lecture/revolutionary-ideas-borders-elections-constitutions-prisons/lecture-7-4-0-the-lottocracy-VL69f Visual system diagram by RATZNIUM https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visual_system#/media/File:ERP_-_optic_cabling.jpg SONGS USED in order of appearance all from audionetwork unless otherwise noted Chillout Lounge The Crescent Political Manoeuvres Pagan Forest Choir Moon Men (Jake Chudnow) Glowing Moon 3 Lazy Daze Innate...

Is All Fair In Love And War?

http://www.twitter.com/TWEETSAUCE http://www.instagram.com/electricpants **The song at the end is “Infinite Cities” performed by The Bright Light Social Hour off of the album Space Is Still the Place courtesy of Frenchkiss Records: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5q14dQUi8Uw" Thanks to @atomcrafter on twitter for asking about pencil lead! https://twitter.com/atomcrafter/status/539849245634097153 graphite: http://www.minerals.net/mineral/graphite.aspx Rules of war video form the Red Cross: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HwpzzAefx9M Don Quixote quote: http://www.cliffsnotes.com/cliffsnotes/literature/who-said-alls-fair-in-love-and-war-and-where Mook Chivalry: http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/MookChivalry Environmental Convention: https://www.icrc.org/eng/resources/documents/misc/57jmau.htm Operation Popeye: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cpr5JVWjIW4 Perfidy: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1426446/The-perils-of-perfidy-in-wartime.html the actual text of the Geneva Convention about perfidy is here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perfidy Rules of War links: https://www.icrc.org/applic/ihl/ihl.nsf/vwTreaties1949.xsp http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Law_of_war http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protective_sign Some remaining laws concerning love (marriage): http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/15/us/adultery-an-ancient-crime-still-on-many-books.html?_r=0 undercover police can use fraudulent relationships: http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/jan/18/james-bond-police-licence-break-hearts Spousal Privilege: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spousal_privilege Other privileges: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Privilege_(evidence) Homo Sapiens: *"homo" is related to "humus," though "human" more directly comes from...

What If The Sun Disappeared?

Check out MinuteEarth: http://bit.ly/Xkxwmu Become a Vsaucer: http://bit.ly/POIaN7 For cool things every day: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce Tools & Links: Gravitational force calculator: http://www.wsanford.com/~wsanford/calculators/gravity-calculator.html Solar Scope: http://www.solarsystemscope.com/ Gravity simulator: http://www.nowykurier.com/toys/gravity/gravity.html Celestia (3D space simulator): http://www.shatters.net/celestia/ Quantum Tunneling (MinutePhysics): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cTodS8hkSDg Gravitational force between people: http://www.reddit.com/r/askscience/comments/15q9tx/which_has_more_gravitational_pull_on_me_girl/ How the sun might ACTUALLY die [VIDEO]: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=21RkSui1cG8 Sun disappearance links: http://www.popsci.com/node/24698 http://scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/2010/07/12/q-a-how-long-would-we-have-if/ http://unitedcats.wordpress.com/2008/07/24/what-would-happen-if-the-sun-disappeared/ http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/question.php?number=707 http://www.newscientist.com/blog/lastword/2004/05/put-that-light-out.html http://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?p=4079676 Light travel-time between planets: http://www.pbs.org/seeinginthedark/astronomy-topics/light-as-a-cosmic-time-machine.html Ahad (light from galaxy): http://images2.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20090709115119/firstarktoalphacentauri/images/7/76/Ahads_constant_refereed_paper.pdf A Pail of Air STORY: http://www.baenebooks.com/chapters/0743498747/0743498747___6.htm Hydrothermal vents VIDEO: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RaUcJ3CdTSE Extremophiles in general: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extremophile Neil Degrasse Tyson book that includes a discussion of Earth's geothermally resiliant life: http://www.amazon.co.uk/Death-Black-Hole-Cosmic-Quandaries/dp/0393330168 *********** MUSIC BY: http://www.YouTube.com/JakeChudnow

How Many Holes Does a Human Have?

Support Vsauce, your brain, Alzheimer's research, and other YouTube educators by joining THE CURIOSITY BOX: a seasonal delivery of viral science toys made by Vsauce! A portion of all proceeds goes to Alzheimer's research and our Inquisitive Fellowship, a program that gives money and resources directly to growing science channels here on YouTube! https://www.curiositybox.com https://twitter.com/tweetsauce https://www.instagram.com/electricpants Special thanks to @Chubbyemu and Evelyn Lamb (https://twitter.com/evelynjlamb) for answering my questions about the body and holes, respectively. wardrobe by: https://twitter.com/dasharez0ne An article from Evelyn about holes: https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/roots-of-unity/what-we-talk-about-when-we-talk-about-holes/ the philosophy of holes: https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2014/entries/holes/ Coffee mug + doughnut sculptures and video from @Henry Segerman : VIDEO: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9NlqYr6-TpA BUY: https://www.shapeways.com/product/6CJQ9GXWW/topology-joke?li=shareProduct&& sun footage: https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/12326 anatomy of the nasal...

This is why we can't have nice things

This video is about stuff: light bulbs, printers, phones and why they aren't better. Go to https://NordVPN.com/veritasium and use code VERITASIUM to get a 2-year plan plus 1 additional month with a huge discount. It’s risk free with Nord’s 30 day money-back guarantee! References: The Man in the White Suit — https://ve42.co/Suit London, B. (1932). Ending the depression through planned obsolescence. — https://ve42.co/London32 Slade, G. (2009). Made to break: Technology and obsolescence in America. Harvard University Press — https://ve42.co/madetobreak Krajewski, M. (2014). The great lightbulb conspiracy. IEEE spectrum, 51(10), 56-61. — https://ve42.co/Phoebus Planet Money, The Phoebus Cartel - https://ve42.co/PMobs The Light Bulb Conspiracy - https://youtu.be/e9xmn228HM0 Special thanks to...

What's The Brightest Thing In the Universe?

Follow Michael Stevens for neat stuff: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce SOURCES BELOW music by http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow and http://www.audionetwork.com SixtySymbols video on new black hole theory: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RXTGInIbD_Q "How Hot Can it Get?" Vsauce video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4fuHzC9aTik "What Will We Miss?" Vsauce video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7uiv6tKtoKg Taijitu: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taijitu Yin Yang blackhole art (made by https://twitter.com/guylar ): http://imgur.com/IpD5L4l Roman 'Yin Yang': http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Notitia_Dignitatum Magnitude: http://www.1728.org/magntudj.htm http://zebu.uoregon.edu/~soper/Light/luminosity.html http://evildrganymede.net/rpg/world/magnitudes.pdf http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magnitude_(astronomy) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extinction_(astronomy) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luminosity http://space.about.com/od/astronomydictionary/g/What-Is-Luminosity.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apparent_magnitude\ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Absolute_magnitude Sun and lightbulb: http://bit.ly/1lxottV http://lumennow.org/lumens-vs-watts/ R136a1: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rYnTqI3xGkg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R136a1 most luminous stars: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_most_luminous_stars gamma ray bursts: http://www.nasa.gov/topics/universe/features/shocking-burst.html#.Uu_ECmR_uRt http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gamma-ray_burst Dark Matter: http://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev.aa.25.090187.002233 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dark_matter Accretion Disk: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/vis/a010000/a010100/a010139/ http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/vis/a010000/a011100/a011162/index.html http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/vis/a010000/a010800/a010807/index.html http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/vis/a010000/a011100/a011110/index.html http://imgur.com/XyvTD http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Accretion_disc http://www.superbwallpapers.com/fantasy/black-hole-14517/ Jets: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Relativistic_jet Quasars: http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/releases/1996/25/image/a/ http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/2002/1127/index.html http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/07/130724200605.htm http://arstechnica.com/science/2012/12/ancient-quasar-imaged-when-the-universe-lacked-heavy-metal/ http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/releases/2003/03/ http://www.space.com/17262-quasar-definition.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/3C_273 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blazar Most luminous BLAZAR: http://www.caha.es/the-most-luminous-quasar-state-ever-observed.html ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Active_galaxy Neil Degrasse Tyson book: http://www.amazon.co.uk/Death-Black-Hole-Cosmic-Quandaries/dp/0393330168 Thierry Cohen art: http://www.danzigergallery.com/artists/thierry-cohen light pollution: http://physics.fau.edu/observatory/lightpol-astro.html http://www.lightpollution.it/dmsp/artbri.html http://eoimages.gsfc.nasa.gov/ve/1438/earth_lights.gif LA blackout: http://www.pbs.org/seeinginthedark/astronomy-topics/light-pollution.html

Our Narrow Slice

SOURCES AND MORE INFO BELOW: Jared Diamond's "The World Until Yesterday": http://www.amazon.co.uk/The-World-Until-Yesterday-Traditional/dp/0141024488/ music by: youtube.com/jakechudnow Follow Michael Stevens: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce more on WEIRD: http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2013/05/weird_psychology_social_science_researchers_rely_too_much_on_western_college.html incorrect predictions: http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Incorrect_predictions More famous INCORRECT predictions: http://www.rense.com/general81/dw.htm http://web.mit.edu/randy/www/words.html history of miscegenation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miscegenation debunked scientific beliefs: http://listverse.com/2009/01/19/10-debunked-scientific-beliefs-of-the-past/ Hollow Earth: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hollow_Earth Hollow Concave Earth: http://www.atlasobscura.com/places/koreshan-state-historic-site Concave Earth spying attempt: http://bit.ly/1gnDwRE Scathing reviews of masterpieces: http://mentalfloss.com/article/30497/11-early-scathing-reviews-works-now-considered-masterpieces http://flavorwire.com/335428/15-scathing-early-reviews-of-classic-novels/ Thomas Midgley, Jr.: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Midgley,_Jr. QI clip about Midgley: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gZAnnvSOEmw Inventors killed by own inventions (AllTime10s): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wu9KXQmL2d8 50 worst inventions: http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1991915_1991909_1991817,00.html Nevin Lead and crime study: http://pic.plover.com/Nevin/Nevin2007.pdf

A Journey to the End of the Universe

Could humans ever travel to other galaxies within their lifetime? The immense scale of the Universe seems to prohibit such voyages, after all the nearest galaxy is so far away that it takes light itself - the fastest thing in the Universe - 2.5 million years to complete the trip. Remarkably, there is a trick that might allow humans to accomplish this feat - join us today as we step onboard the constantly accelerating spaceship! Written and presented by Professor David Kipping. You can now support our research program and the Cool Worlds Lab at Columbia University: https://www.coolworldslab.com/support Chapters 0:00 - Prologue 2:57 - A...

A Gamer Drank 12 Energy Drinks In 10 Minutes. This Is What Happened To His Organs.

Mug is here 😳 ► https://crowdmade.com/collections/chubbyemu @Heme Review Weird Time When Energy Drinks Cured My Insomnia ► https://youtu.be/d_qKA6KTvs8 Patient JS by Justin Silverman as seen on @Cinemassacre filmed at Screenwave Media @Medlife Crisis Energy Drink Video: https://youtu.be/na6tkBVVHCQ Music by @Lifeformed ► https://lifeformed.bandcamp.com Additional Music by T4N3 ► https://soundcloud.com/t4n3 Medicine ► https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL26HeTCO57qcMQB6CrU6QRzEi9tt9l1FI IG me: https://www.instagram.com/chubbyemus Tweet me: https://www.twitter.com/chubbyemu Search for Chubbyemu on Snapchat, I have videos there 😌 These cases are patients who I, or my colleagues have seen. They are de-identified and many instances have been presented in more depth in an academic setting. These videos are not individual medical advice and are for general educational purposes only. I...

How Big Can a Person Get?

Click to subscribe to Vsauce: http://bit.ly/POIaN7 Check out Veritasium's channel: http://bit.ly/YY7KDe LINKS and SOURCES below. Follow me on twitter! http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce Music by Jake Chudnow http://www.soundcloud.com/jakechudnow http://www.youtube.com/jakechudnow Veritasium video on single photons and frog eyes: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cztocbHiiqQ British Pathe Robert Wadlow video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5McWw03Ryrs Earth Unplugged channel: http://www.youtube.com/user/EarthUnpluggedTV AsapScience Moon Illusion video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=49RztN4Bqu0 interactive DNA model: http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/begin/dna/builddna/ Igor Vovkovinsky: http://www.thetallestman.com/igorvovkovinskiy.htm Sultan Kösen: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sultan_K%C3%B6sen Robert Wadlow: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Wadlow André the Giant: http://twentytwowords.com/2012/01/26/andre-the-giant-holding-a-can-of-beer/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andr%C3%A9_the_Giant tallest woman: http://www.thetallestman.com/zengjinlian.htm human height: http://io9.com/5789332/in-search-of-the-worlds-tallest-human http://erinjenne.blogspot.co.uk/2011_02_01_archive.html http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:lL-vNccMG8MJ:www.naturalheightgrowth.com/2012/09/20/what-is-the-tallest-theoretical-height-of-the-human-species/+&cd=3&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=uk Genetic manipulation of height: http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2004/04/11/1081621836499.html Square-cube law: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Square-cube_law Largest dinosaurs: http://www.walkingwithdinosaurs.com/news/editorial/biggest-dinosaurs-amphicoelias-bruhathkayosaurus/1/ Giraffatitan: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giraffatitan Bruhathkayosaurus: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bruhathkayosaurus http://smart-pustaka.blogspot.co.uk/2011/09/bruhathkayosaurus-matleyi.html Blue Whale: Mars and Earth comparrison: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/93/Mars_Earth_Comparison_2.jpg Mars-born people being taller: http://www.lifeslittlemysteries.com/1160-would-humans-born-on-mars-grow-taller-than-earthlings-.html biology of body size and shape: http://dinosaurtheory.com/scaling.html http://fathom.lib.uchicago.edu/2/21701757/ http://galileoandeinstein.physics.virginia.edu/lectures/scaling.html http://supersonicman.wordpress.com/2011/11/13/the-square-cube-law-all-animals-jump-the-same-height/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allometry Guy Murche book: http://www.amazon.com/The-Seven-Mysteries-Life-Murchie/dp/0395957915 Sound calculator: http://www.sengpielaudio.com/calculator-distancelaw.htm How far away is the horizon? http://mintaka.sdsu.edu/GF/explain/atmos_refr/horizon.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:How_far_away_is_the_horizon.png http://www.howitworksdaily.com/environment/what-is-the-maximum-distance-the-human-eye-can-see-if-unobstructed/ Angular size: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angular_diameter http://burro.astr.cwru.edu/Academics/Astr221/Light/parallax.html Anuglar size calculator: http://planetcalc.com/1897/ Smallest angular size naked eye...

What Is The Scariest Thing?

Everyone is scared of something ... but what's the SCARIEST thing? Is it even possible to answer such a question? In this special I explore the dark recesses of the mind to learn how fears are born and whether there exists a grand, unifying terror. FOLLOW ME ON TWITTER: https://twitter.com/tweetsauce FOLLOW ME ON INSTAGRAM: https://www.instagram.com/electricpants D!NG: http://youtube.com/dingsauce MIND FIELD IS NOW FREE: SEASON 1: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iqKdEhx-dD4&list=PLZRRxQcaEjA4qyEuYfAMCazlL0vQDkIj2 SEASON 2: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1sl5KJ69qiA&list=PLZRRxQcaEjA7wmh3Z6EQuOK9fm1CqnJCI SEASON 3: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ktkjUjcZid0&list=PLZRRxQcaEjA7LX19uAySGlc9hmprBxfEP INDEX 0:00 Intro 02:37 Fear Conditioning 06:03 Amygdala and Hippocampus 06:49 Innate Aversions 07:39 The Web of Fear 08:38 Fear of Death 10:30 Informational Learning/Storytelling 12:02 Nomophobia 12:48 Isolation 15:25 Fear of the Dark 17:36 Fear of Sounds 17:58 Auditory Cortex, Thalamus, and Amygdalae 19:41 Dissonance 22:00 Law of...

Laws & Causes

Support Vsauce, your brain, Alzheimer's research, and other YouTube educators by joining THE CURIOSITY BOX: a seasonal delivery of viral science toys made by Vsauce! A portion of all proceeds goes to Alzheimer's research and our Inquisitive Fellowship, a program that gives money and resources directly to growing science channels here on YouTube! https://www.curiositybox.com THE RULER IS NOW AVAILABLE BY ITSELF: https://www.curiositybox.com/products/inqs-astonishing-ruler MIND FIELD IS NOW FREE: SEASON 1: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iqKdEhx-dD4&list=PLZRRxQcaEjA4qyEuYfAMCazlL0vQDkIj2 SEASON 2: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1sl5KJ69qiA&list=PLZRRxQcaEjA7wmh3Z6EQuOK9fm1CqnJCI SEASON 3: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ktkjUjcZid0&list=PLZRRxQcaEjA7LX19uAySGlc9hmprBxfEP Hang out with me on D!NG: http://youtube.com/dingsauce PUPPET BY: Adam Kreutinger: https://www.instagram.com/adamkreutinger